Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cherry rasp leaf virus
(cherry rasp leaf)

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Datasheet

Cherry rasp leaf virus (cherry rasp leaf)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 June 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cherry rasp leaf virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cherry rasp leaf
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Order: Picornavirales
  •         Family: Secoviridae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleSymptoms of Cherry rasp leaf virus infection in cherry
Caption
CopyrightRichard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada
Symptoms of Cherry rasp leaf virus infection in cherryRichard Stace-Smith, Vancouver, Canada

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cherry rasp leaf virus

Preferred Common Name

  • cherry rasp leaf

Other Scientific Names

  • Apple flat apple virus
  • Cherry rasp leaf nepovirus
  • flat apple virus

International Common Names

  • English: flat apple; rasp leaf of cherry
  • Spanish: hoja áspera del cerezo tipo americano
  • French: feuilles râpeuses du cerisier

Local Common Names

  • Belgium: feuilles râpeuses; pomme aplatie
  • Germany: Rauhblättrigkeit
  • USA: cockscomb; leaf enation; ruffled leaf

English acronym

  • CRLV

EPPO code

  • CRLV00 (Cherry rasp leaf ?nepovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Order: Picornavirales
  •                 Family: Secoviridae
  •                     Subfamily: Comovirinae
  •                         Genus: Nepovirus
  •                             Species: Cherry rasp leaf virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jun 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Németh (1986); Brunt et al. (1996); Smith et al. (1997); EPPO (2020)

Asia

ChinaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Ma et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
-LiaoningPresentEPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresentEPPO (2020)
JapanAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Mink (1973); Németh (1986); EPPO (2020)

Europe

SerbiaAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
Serbia and MontenegroAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001)
SloveniaAbsentEPPO (2020)
United KingdomAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ScotlandAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresent, Few occurrencesHansen (1972); Hansen et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-OntarioAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
-QuebecAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Jones and Badenoch (1982); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentWAGNON (1968); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentBODINE and NEWTON (1942); Luepschen et al. (1974); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresentUK, CAB International (1969); APS-APHIS (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-NebraskaPresentAPS-APHIS (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentBLODGETT (1963); UK, CAB International (1969); APS-APHIS (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentUK, CAB International (1969); APS-APHIS (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresent, WidespreadBLODGETT (1963); UK, CAB International (1969); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresent, WidespreadAPS-APHIS (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-New South WalesAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
New ZealandAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Németh (1986); Smith et al. (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / dieback
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Fruits (inc. pods) Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Roots Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
True seeds (inc. grain) Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Wood Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Growing medium accompanying plants

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Xiphinema americanumTaylor and Brown, 1981. Nematode
Xiphinema rivesiTaylor and Brown, 1981. Nematode

References

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APS-APHIS, 1999. Widely Present Virus List by State. APS-APHIS Virus Working Group of the Plant Virology Committee of the American Phytopathological Society for the United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USA. World Wide Web page at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/Stvir99.html

Blodgett EC, Aichele MD, Coyier DL, Milbrath JA, 1963. The Flat Apple Disease. Plant Disease Reporter, 47:769-771

Bodine EW, Blodgett EC, Lott TB, 1951. Rasp Leaf. In: Virus Diseases and other Disorders with Viruslike Symptoms of Stone Fruits in North America. United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 10. Washington, USA. 132-134

Bodine EW, Newton JH, 1942. The rasp leaf of cherry. Phytopathology, 32:333-335

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp

CABI/EPPO, 2001. Cherry rasp leaf virus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 303, edition 4. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

CMI, 1969. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases No. 303 (edition 3). Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Conners IL, Savile DBO, eds, 1945. Twenty-Fourth Annual Report of the Canadian Plant Disease Survey 1944. Ottawa, Canada: Department of Agriculture

Conners IL, Savile DBO, eds, 1951. Thirtieth Annual Report of the Canadian Plant Disease Survey 1950. Ottawa, Canada: Department of Agriculture

Conners IL, Savile DBO, eds, 1952. Thirty-First Annual Report of the Canadian Plant Disease Survey 1951. Ottawa, Canada: Department of Agriculture, 91-92

Creelman DW, 1962. Rasp Leaf. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 42(2):78

Diekmann M, Putter CAJ, 1996. FAO/IPGRI technical guidelines for the safe movement of germplasm No. 15: Musa spp. FAO/IPGRI technical guidelines for the safe movement of germplasm No. 15: ^italic~Musa^roman~ spp., 26 pp.; many ref

Dingley JM, 1969. Records of plant diseases in New Zealand. Bulletin of the New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Researches Bulletin, 192, 298 pp

Duffield PD, Leyendecker PJ, 1954. Rasp leaf virus discovered in New Mexico on Sweet cherry. Plant Disease Reporter, 38(12):832-833

Dunez J, 1981. Exotic virus and virus-like diseases of fruit trees. EPPO Bulletin, 11(3):251-258

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, 1984. EPPO data sheets on quarantine organisms. (Fiches informatives OEPP sur les organismes de quarantaine.) EPPO Bulletin, 14(1). 78 pp

Gorter GJMA, 1977. Index of plant pathogens and the diseases they cause in cultivated plants in South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Republic of South Africa, No. 392:177 pp

Hansen AJ, 1972. Host Range and Identity of Cherry Raspleaf Virus in British Columbia. Phytopathology, 62:763

Hansen AJ, 1995. Cherry Rasp Leaf Virus. In: Ogawa JM, Zehr EI, Bird GW, Ritchie DF, Uriu K, Uyemoto JK, eds. Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases. St. Paul, MN, USA: APS Press, 69-70

Hansen AJ, Nyland G, McElroy FD, Stace-Smith R, 1974. Origin, cause, host range and spread of cherry rasp leaf disease in North America. Phytopathology, 64(5):721-726

Hansen AJ, O'Reilly HJO, Yorston JM, 1982. Stone Fruit Virus Diseases of British Columbia. Victoria, British Columbia: Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Hansen AJ, Parish CL, 1990. Transmissible Fruit Disorders. In: Jones AL, Aldwinckle HS, eds. Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases. St Paul, MN, USA: APS Press, 77-78

Heinis JL, 1956. Cherry viruses in Oregon in 1954 and 1955. Proceedings of the Oregon Horticultural Society. Forty-Seventh Annual Report, Seventieth Annual Meeting, Corvallis Oregon, Dec.1,2, 1955, 93-96

ISHS, 1980. Detection of viruses and other graft-transmissible virus-like diseases of fruit trees. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 15:407-413

James D, Howell WE, Mink GI, 2000a. Development of an RT-PCR procedure for the detection of flat apple virus and molecular evidence of identity with cherry rasp leaf virus. Phytopathology (Abstr), 90(6):38

James D, Howell WE, Mink GI, 2001. Molecular evidence of the relationship between a virus associated with flat apple disease and Cherry rasp leaf virus as determined by RT-PCR. Plant Disease, 85(1):47-52; 23 ref

Jones AT, 1987. Cherry rasp leaf virus in Rubus. In: Converse RH, ed. Virus Diseases of Small Fruits. USA: United States Department of Agriculture. Agriculture Handbook No. 631, 241-242

Jones AT, Badenoch S, 1982. Recent studies on virus and virus-like diseases of Rubus in Scotland. Acta Horticulturae, No. 129:49-58

Jones AT, Brown DJF, Halbrendt JM, Vrain TC, Robbins RT, 1995. The transmission of three nepoviruses by populations of four Xiphinema americanum-group species. Acta Horticulturae, No. 385:105-109; 20 ref

Jones AT, Mayo MA, Henderson SJ, 1985. Biological and biochemical properties of an isolate of cherry rasp leaf virus from red raspberry. Annals of Applied Biology, 106(1):101-110

Li C, Yoshikawa N, Takahashi T, Ito T, Yoshida K, Koganezawa H, 2000. Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of apple latent spherical virus: a new virus classified into the family Comoviridae. J. Gen. Virol., 81:541-547

Li TSC, Eastwell KC, Hansen AJ, 1996. Transmission of cherry viruses by approach grafting from herbaceous to woody hosts. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 18(4):429-432; 13 ref

Luepschen NS, Harder HH, Rohrbach KG, Sisson MA, 1974. Sweet cherry raspleaf incidence in Colorado. Plant Disease Reporter, 58(1):26-27

Ma, YX, Li, JJ, Li, XD, Zhu, SF, 2014. First report of Cherry rasp leaf virus infecting cherry in Shandong province, China. Journal of Plant Pathology, 96, S4.113.

Malan AP, Meyer AJ, 1994. Nematode virus vectors reported from South Africa with special reference to horticultural crops. Journal of the Southern African Society for Horticultural Sciences, 4(2):1-5

McElroy FD, 1975. Nematode transmitted viruses in British Columbia, Canada. In: Lamberti F, Taylor CE, Seinhorst JW, ed. Nematode vectors of plant viruses. London, UK/New York, USA: Plenum Press, 287-288

Mink GI, 1973. The Apple Industry in Japan. Hortscience, 8(2):81-86

Németh M, 1986. In: Virus, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia Diseases of Fruit Trees Dordrecht, : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 463-479

NRSP5, 1999. Disease Descriptions, Apple Flat Apple. National Research Support Project 5, Supporting Research and Development of 'Virus-Free' Deciduous Fruit Trees. USA: Washington State University. World Wide Web page at http://www.nrsp5.wsu.edu/default.html

Nyland G, 1974. Cherry rasp leaf. In: Virus diseases and non-infectious disorders of stone fruits in North America. Agriculture Handbook No. 437, 219-221. Washington, USA: USDA

Nyland G, 1976. Cherry rasp leaf. In: Virus diseases and non-infectious disorders of stone fruits in North America. USA: US Department of Agriculture. Agriculture Handbook No. 437, 219-221

Nyland G, Lownebery BF, Lowe SK, Mitchell JF, 1969. The Transmission of Cherry Rasp Leaf Virus by Xiphinema americanum. Phytopathology, 59:111-1112

OEPP/EPPO, 1992. Certification schemes. Virus-free and virus-tested material of fruit trees and rootstocks. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 21:267-278; 22:253-284

Ogawa JM, English H, eds, 1991. Diseases of Temperate Zone Tree Fruit and Nut Crops. Oakland, CA, USA: University of California, Division of Natural Resources

Parish CL, 1976. A comparison between the causal agents of cherry rasp leaf and flat apple diseases. Acta Horticulturae, 67:199-202

Parish CL, 1977. A relationship between flat apple disease and cherry rasp leaf disease. Phytopathology, 67(8):982-984

Rhoads AS, 1945. Virus and virus-like diseases of sweet cherry in Utah, and notes on some conditions affecting various fruit crops. Plant Disease Reporter, 29(1):6-19

Smith IM, Dunez J, Phillips DH, Lelliott RA, Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific

Smith IM, McNamara DG, Scott PR, Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref

Stace-Smith R, Hansen AJ, 1976a. Some properties of cherry rasp leaf virus. Acta Horticulturae, 67:193-197

Stace-Smith R, Hansen AJ, 1976b. Cherry rasp leaf virus. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 159

Stace-Smith R, Ramsdell DC, 1987. Nepoviruses of the Americas. In: Harris KF, ed. Current Topics in Vector Research, Vol. 3. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 131-166

Taylor CE, Brown DJF, 1981. Nematode-virus interactions. In: Zuckerman BM, Rohde RA, eds. Plant parasitic nematodes. Volume III. New York, USA/London, UK: Academic Press Inc., 281-301

Wagnon HK, Traylor JA, Williams HE, Weiner AC, 1968. Investigations of cherry rasp leaf disease in California. Plant Disease Reporter, 52:618-622

Wellinck J, Le Gall O, Sanfacon H, Ikegami M, Jones AT, 2000. Family Comoviridae. In van Regenmortel MHV, et al., Virus Taxonomy; Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, 691-701. San Diego, USA: Academic Press

Wood GA, 1979. Virus and virus-like diseases of pome fruits and stone fruits in New Zealand. Bulletin, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, No. 226:87 pp

Wood GA, Fry PR, 1972. Virus infection in Central Otago sweet cherry trees. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 15:172-178

Distribution References

Anon, 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. [ed. by Brunt A A, Crabtree K, Dallwitz M J, Gibbs A J, Watson L]. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL. 1484 pp.

Anon, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. [ed. by Smith I M, McNamara D G, Scott P R, Holderness M]. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL. vii + 1425 pp.

APS-APHIS, 1999. Widely Present Virus List by State. In: APS-APHIS Virus Working Group of the Plant Virology Committee of the American Phytopathological Society for the United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USA, http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/Stvir99.html

BLODGETT E C ET AL, 1963. The flat apple disease. Plant Disease Reporter. 769-71.

BODINE E W , NEWTON J H, 1942. The rasp leaf of Cherry. Phytopathology. 32 (4), 333-335 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2001. Cherry rasp leaf virus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 303.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Hansen A J, Nyland G, McElroy F D, Stace-Smith R, 1974. Origin, cause, host range and spread of cherry rasp leaf disease in North America. Phytopathology. 64 (5), 721-726. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-64-721

Hansen AJ, 1972. Host Range and Identity of Cherry Raspleaf Virus in British Columbia. In: Phytopathology, 62 763.

Jones AT, Badenoch S, 1982. Recent studies on virus and virus-like diseases of Rubus in Scotland. In: Acta Horticulturae, 49-58.

Luepschen N S, Harder H H, Rohrbach K G, Sisson M A, 1974. Sweet cherry raspleaf incidence in Colorado. Plant Disease Reporter. 58 (1), 26-27.

Ma YX, Li JJ, Li XD, Zhu SF, 2014. First report of Cherry rasp leaf virus infecting cherry in Shandong province, China. Journal of Plant Pathology. S4.113.

Mink G I, 1973. The apple industry in Japan. HortScience. 8 (2), 81-86.

Németh M, 1986. Virus, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia Diseases of Fruit Trees. Dordrecht, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 463-479.

UK, CAB International, 1969. Cherry rasp virus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 303.

WAGNON H K ET AL, 1968. Investigations of cherry rasp leaf disease in California. Plant Disease Reporter. 618-22.

Distribution Maps

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