Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cronartium comptoniae
(sweet fern blister rust)

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Datasheet

Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cronartium comptoniae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sweet fern blister rust
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •         Class: Pucciniomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cronartium comptoniae Arthur 1906

Preferred Common Name

  • sweet fern blister rust

Other Scientific Names

  • Peridermium comptoniae Orton & J.F. Adams 1914

International Common Names

  • English: blister: fern rust; sweetfern blister rust

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Rindenblasen-: Kiefer Rost

EPPO code

  • CRONCP (Cronartium comptoniae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina
  •                 Class: Pucciniomycetes
  •                     Order: Pucciniales
  •                         Family: Cronartiaceae
  •                             Genus: Cronartium
  •                                 Species: Cronartium comptoniae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by survey
SloveniaAbsent

North America

CanadaPresent, Widespread
-AlbertaPresent
-British ColumbiaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-New BrunswickPresent
-Northwest TerritoriesPresent
-Nova ScotiaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
-SaskatchewanPresent
United StatesPresent, Localized
-AlaskaPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-DelawarePresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-MainePresent
-MarylandPresent
-MassachusettsPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MontanaPresent
-New HampshirePresent
-New JerseyPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OhioPresent
-OregonPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-Rhode IslandPresent
-VermontPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-WashingtonPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Stems / witches broom

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Tuberculina maxima Hyperparasite

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants fungi/hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fungi/hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Allen EA; Morrison DJ; Wallis GW, 1996. Common tree diseases of British Columbia. Victoria, Canada: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, 178 pp.

Anderson GW; French DW, 1965. Differentiation of Cronartium quercuum and C. coleosporioides on the basis of aeciospore germ tubes. Phytopathology, 55:171-173.

Boyce JS, 1961. Forest Pathology. 3rd edition. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill.

Chang KF; Blenis PV, 1989. Survival of Endocronartium harknessii teliospores in a simulated airborne state. Canadian Journal of Botany, 67(3):928-932

Davidson AG; Prentice RM, 1967. Important forest insects and diseases of mutual concern to Canada, the United States and Mexico. Department of Forest and Rural Development, Canada Publication No. 1180.

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gross HL; Ek AR; Patton RF, 1983. Site character and infection hazard for the sweetfern rust disease in northern Ontario. Forest Science, 29:771-778.

HEPTING GH, 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees of the United States., USA: USDA, 658 pp. [Agricultural Handbook, No. 386.]

Hiratsuka Y, 1971. Spore surface morphology of pine stem rusts of Canada as observed under a scanning electron microscope. Canadian Journal of Botany, 49:371-372.

Hiratsuka Y, 1987. Forest tree diseases of the prairie provinces. Information Report - Northern Forestry Centre, Canadian Forestry Service Canadian Forestry Service, No. NOR-X-286:142 pp.

Hiratsuka Y; Gautreau EJ, 1966. Occurrence of Cronartium comptoniae in Alberta and the Northwest Territories. Plant Disease Reporter, 50: 419.

Hiratsuka Y; Powell JM, 1976. Pine stem rusts of Canada. Forestry Technical Report, 83(4):83 pp.

Hiratsuka Y; Powell JM; Sickle GAvan, 1988. Impact of pine stem rusts of hard pines in Alberta and the Northwest Territories. Information Report - Northern Forestry Centre, Canadian Forestry Service, No. NOR-X-299:vi + 9 pp.

IMI, 1992. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases Map No. 476. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

McCauley BH; Gross HL, 1984. Jack pine diseases in Ontario. COJFRC Symposium Proceedings, Great Lakes Forest Research Center, No. O-P-12. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Maple, Canada, 139-144.

Molnar AC, 1961. An outbreak of Cronartium comptoniae on Monterey and bishop pines on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Plant Disease Reporter, 45:854-855.

Mordue JEM; Gibson IAS, 1978. Cronartium comptoniae. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 579. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

OEPP/EPPO, 1979. Data sheets on quarantine organisms No. 4 Angiosorus solani. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 9(2).

Peterson RS, 1966. On sweet fern blister rust. Plant Disease Reporter, 50:744-746.

Peterson RS, 1967. The Peridermium species on pine stems. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 94:511-542.

Peterson RS, 1973. Studies of Cronartium (Uredinales). Reports of the Tottori Mycological Institute, 10:203-223.

Peterson RS; Jewell RR, 1968. Status of American rusts of pine. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 6:23-40.

Phillips DH, 1988. Cronartium ribicola. In: Smith IM, Dunez J, Lelliot RA, Phillips DH, Archer SA, eds. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 477-478.

Powell JM, 1982. Rodent and lagomorph damage to pine stem rusts with special mention of studies in Alberta. Canadian Field Naturalist, 96(3):287-294

Sinclair WA; Lyon HH; Johnson WT, 1987. Diseases of trees and shrubs. Ithaca, New York, USA: Cornell University Press, 574 pp.

Spaulding P, 1956. Diseases of North American forest trees planted abroad. An annotated list. Agricultural Handbook, Forest Service, US Department of Agriculture No. 100: 11.

Spaulding P, 1961. Foreign Diseases of Forest Trees of the World: An annotated list. USDA, Agricultural Handbook, No. 197.

USDA, 1963. Internationally dangerous forest tree diseases. Miscellaneous Publications, Forest Service, US Department of Agriculture No. 939: 54, 56-57, 73-74, 92-96.

Ziller WG, 1974. The tree rusts of Western Canada. Victoria, BC, Canada: Canadian Forestry Service, 272 pp.

Distribution Maps

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