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Datasheet

Crocidolomia pavonana
(large cabbage-heart caterpillar)

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Datasheet

Crocidolomia pavonana (large cabbage-heart caterpillar)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Crocidolomia pavonana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • large cabbage-heart caterpillar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Egg cluster of C. pavonana.
TitleEggs
CaptionEgg cluster of C. pavonana.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Egg cluster of C. pavonana.
EggsEgg cluster of C. pavonana.W.F. Hsiao
Newly hatched larvae of C. pavonana and egg shells.
TitleYoung larvae
CaptionNewly hatched larvae of C. pavonana and egg shells.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Newly hatched larvae of C. pavonana and egg shells.
Young larvaeNewly hatched larvae of C. pavonana and egg shells.W.F. Hsiao
Adults of C. pavonana: 1, female; 2, male. Wingspan 20-25 mm.
TitleAdults
CaptionAdults of C. pavonana: 1, female; 2, male. Wingspan 20-25 mm.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Adults of C. pavonana: 1, female; 2, male. Wingspan 20-25 mm.
AdultsAdults of C. pavonana: 1, female; 2, male. Wingspan 20-25 mm.W.F. Hsiao
Late-instar larvae of C. pavonana on cabbage. Mature larvae are 12-16 mm long and characterized by whitish longitudinal stripes, three dorsal and one on each lateral side.
TitleLarvae
CaptionLate-instar larvae of C. pavonana on cabbage. Mature larvae are 12-16 mm long and characterized by whitish longitudinal stripes, three dorsal and one on each lateral side.
CopyrightCTC/Zeneca
Late-instar larvae of C. pavonana on cabbage. Mature larvae are 12-16 mm long and characterized by whitish longitudinal stripes, three dorsal and one on each lateral side.
LarvaeLate-instar larvae of C. pavonana on cabbage. Mature larvae are 12-16 mm long and characterized by whitish longitudinal stripes, three dorsal and one on each lateral side.CTC/Zeneca
Pupae of C. pavonana: 1, male; 2, female. Pupae measure about 9.8 mm long and 2.5 mm wide.
TitlePupae
CaptionPupae of C. pavonana: 1, male; 2, female. Pupae measure about 9.8 mm long and 2.5 mm wide.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Pupae of C. pavonana: 1, male; 2, female. Pupae measure about 9.8 mm long and 2.5 mm wide.
PupaePupae of C. pavonana: 1, male; 2, female. Pupae measure about 9.8 mm long and 2.5 mm wide. W.F. Hsiao
Head of cabbage infested by C. pavonana larvae. The head is also contaminated with frass.
TitleDamage symptoms on cabbage
CaptionHead of cabbage infested by C. pavonana larvae. The head is also contaminated with frass.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Head of cabbage infested by C. pavonana larvae. The head is also contaminated with frass.
Damage symptoms on cabbageHead of cabbage infested by C. pavonana larvae. The head is also contaminated with frass.W.F. Hsiao
Pak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) infested by C. pavonana larvae.
TitleLarvae on pak-choi
CaptionPak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) infested by C. pavonana larvae.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Pak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) infested by C. pavonana larvae.
Larvae on pak-choiPak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) infested by C. pavonana larvae.W.F. Hsiao
Pe-tsai (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) heavily infested by C. pavonana larvae.
TitleDamage symptoms on pe-tsai
CaptionPe-tsai (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) heavily infested by C. pavonana larvae.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Pe-tsai (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) heavily infested by C. pavonana larvae.
Damage symptoms on pe-tsaiPe-tsai (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) heavily infested by C. pavonana larvae.W.F. Hsiao
Bloom of kale infested by C. pavonana larvae.
TitleLarvae on kale
CaptionBloom of kale infested by C. pavonana larvae.
CopyrightW.F. Hsiao
Bloom of kale infested by C. pavonana larvae.
Larvae on kaleBloom of kale infested by C. pavonana larvae.W.F. Hsiao

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Crocidolomia pavonana (Fabricius, 1794)

Preferred Common Name

  • large cabbage-heart caterpillar

Other Scientific Names

  • Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller, 1852
  • Crocidolomyia binotalis
  • Godara comalis
  • Pionea comalis (Guenée, 1854)
  • Pionea incomalis (Guenée, 1854)
  • Pseudopisara quadripunctata (Shiraki, 1913)
  • Tchahbaharia dentalis (Amsel, 1951)

International Common Names

  • English: cabbage caterpillar; cabbage cluster caterpillar; cabbage head caterpillar; greater cabbage moth; leafwebber; mustard leafwebber; webworm

Local Common Names

  • Indonesia: ulat krop kubis
  • Japan: kebukanomeiga

EPPO code

  • CROCBI (Crocidolomia binotalis)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Crocidolomia
  •                                 Species: Crocidolomia pavonana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 04 Sep 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Burkina FasoPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentUK, CAB International (1979)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MadagascarPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MalawiPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MaliPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Facknath and Kawol (1993)
MozambiquePresentUK, CAB International (1979)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
SenegalPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
SeychellesPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
Sierra LeonePresentUK, CAB International (1979)
SomaliaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
South AfricaPresentGunn (1925); UK, CAB International (1979)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
UgandaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
ZambiaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
ZimbabwePresentUK, CAB International (1979)

Asia

BangladeshPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Bhuiyan and Bhuiyan (1981)
BruneiPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Waterhouse (1993)
CambodiaPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Waterhouse (1993)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-GuangxiPresentGao Hua et al. (2007)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
IndiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-Andhra PradeshPresentReddy and Ali (1976); Rao et al. (1992)
-BiharPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-HaryanaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-Himachal PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentBhat (2018)
-KarnatakaPresentSrinivasan and Moorthy (1991)
-Madhya PradeshPresentSingh and Rawat (1983)
-MaharashtraPresentPatil and Pokharkar (1979)
-OdishaPresentSenapati et al. (1992)
-RajasthanPresentJoshi and Sharma (1973)
-Tamil NaduPresentPeter and David (1988)
-Uttar PradeshPresentSingh (1974); UK, CAB International (1979)
-West BengalPresentSen (1919); Chaudhuri and Ghosh (1982)
IndonesiaPresentWaterhouse (1993); UK, CAB International (1979)
-Irian JayaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-JavaPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Othman (1982)
-Maluku IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-SulawesiPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-SumatraPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-HonshuPresentKurihara et al. (1987); Ohsawa et al. (1991)
LaosPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MalaysiaPresentWaterhouse (1993)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentOoi and Kelderman (1979); UK, CAB International (1979); Ooi (1980)
-SabahPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
-SarawakPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
MyanmarPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Waterhouse (1993)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
PhilippinesPresentDizon and Madrid (1974); UK, CAB International (1979)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
SingaporePresentUK, CAB International (1979); Ong and Soon (1989)
South KoreaPresentChoi and Kim (2019)via PestLens newsletter
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
TaiwanPresentChang (1972); UK, CAB International (1979); Lee (1986)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Waterhouse (1993)
VietnamPresentUK, CAB International (1979)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-QueenslandPresentSmith (1975); Brown and Hargreaves (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
Cook IslandsPresentFullerton (1979); UK, CAB International (1979); Walker and Deitz (1979)
FijiPresentLever (1945); UK, CAB International (1979)
GuamPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Muniappan and Marutani (1992)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
NiuePresentADPI (Australian Department of Primary Industries) (1979)
Norfolk IslandPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Holloway (1984)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1979)
Papua New GuineaPresentThistleton (1979); UK, CAB International (1979)
SamoaPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Uelese et al. (2014)
Solomon IslandsPresentLever (1968); UK, CAB International (1979)
TongaPresentUK, CAB International (1979); Waterhouse (1992)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / internal feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / internal feeding
Inflorescence / webbing
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / internal feeding
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Leaves / webbing

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles crocidolomiae Parasite Larvae
Apanteles obliquae Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Bessa remota Parasite
Brinckochrysa scelestes Predator
Diplazon orientalis Parasite Larvae
Enicospilus xanthocephalus Parasite Larvae
Eocanthecona furcellata Predator Larvae
Palexorista inconspicuoides Parasite Larvae
Palexorista solennis Parasite Larvae Karnataka cauliflowers; radishes
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs not specific Uelese et al., 2014

References

Top of page

ADPI (Australian Department of Primary Industries), 1979. Uses of Insecticides in Australia 1977. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Primary Industries

Bhat, D. M., 2018. First report of Crocidolomia binotalis (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) as a serious pest of some Brassica vegetable crops in Kashmir. Journal of Entomological Research, 42(2), 255-258. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:jer&type=home doi: 10.5958/0974-4576.2018.00042.7

Bhuiyan MSI, Bhuiyan MSA, 1981. Effectiveness of different insecticides for the control of leaf caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller on mustard (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(2):33-36

Brown JD, Hargreaves JR, 1979. Control of cabbage pests. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 105(3):222-228

Chang LC, 1972. Insect control on vegetables with Thuricide and other insecticides. Taiwan Agriculture Quarterly, 8(4):164-169

Chaudhuri SK, Ghosh MR, 1982. Influence of some modern insecticides on the incidence of Coccinella transversalis Fab., a predator of Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). Science and Culture, 48(6):214-216

CIE, 1979. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A, No. 236 (revised). Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Dizon LD, Madrid VJ Sr, 1974. Comparative toxicities of certain insecticides to cabbage worm larvae (Crocidolomia binotalis Zell.). Araneta Research Journal, 21(1/2):9-19

Facknath S, 1993. The assessment of two Neem formulations for the control of some economically important insect pests. Revue Agricole et Sucriere de l'Ile Maurice, 72(1/2):44-49

Facknath S, Kawol D, 1993. Antifeedant and insecticidal effects of some plant extracts on the cabbage webworm, Crocidolomia binotalis. Insect Science and its Application, 14(5):571-574

Fagoonee I, 1980. The life-cycle, bionomics and control of the cabbage webworm Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Revue Agricole et Sucriere de l'Ile Maurice, 59(2):57-62

Fagoonee I, 1987. Use of neem in vegetable crop protection in Mauritius. Natural pesticides from the neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and other tropical plants. Proceedings of the 3rd International Neem Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 10-15 July, 1986 [edited by Schmutterer, R.; Ascher, K.R.S.] Eschborn, German Federal Republic; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit, 419-429

Fagoonee I, Lauge G, 1981. Noxious effects of neem extracts on Crocidolomia binotalis. Phytoparasitica, 9(2):111-118

Fullerton RA, 1979. Use of the synthetic pyrethroids fenvalerate and cypermethrin to control diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella (L.) and the large cabbage moth (Crocidolomia binotalis (Zeller)) in Rarotonga, Cook Is. Fiji Agricultural Journal, 41(1):49-51

Gao Hua, Zeng DongQiang, Wei JiaShu, Deng GuoRong, Huang DaXing, 2007. Bionomics of Crocidolomia pavonana. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology, 44(6):901-903. http://kczs.chinajournal.net.cn

Ghosh AK, Ghosh MR, 1981. Effect of time of sowing and insecticidal treatments on the pests of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and on seed yield. Entomon, 6(4):357-362

Gunn D, 1925. The larger cabbage moth, Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. Journal of Department of Agriculture, Union of South Africa, 11(13):223-224

Harvir Singh, Zile Singh, Singh H, Singh Z, 1983. New records of insect pests of rapeseed. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(9):870

Holloway JD, 1984. Lepidoptera records and notes from Norfolk Island, 19811983. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society, 17(3/4):67-70

IIHR (Indian Institute of Horticultural Research), 1992. Integrated pest management on cabbage using Indian mustard as a trap crop. Extension folder 33, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, India

Iman M, Soekarna D, Situmorang J, Adiputra MG, Manti I, 1986. Diamondback moth in Indonesia. In: Talekar NS, Griggs TD, eds. Proceedings of 1st International Workshop on Diamondback Moth Management held at Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taiwan, March 11-15, 1985, 313-323

Joshi FL, Sharma JC, 1973. Efficacy of different insecticidal treatment schedules against the pests of cabbage. Labdev Journal of Science and Technology, B, 11(1/2):1-5

Krishnaiah K, Mohan NJ, Prasad VG, 1981. Efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis Ber. for the control of lepidopterous pests of vegetable crops. Entomon, 6(2):87-93

Kurihara M, Tatsuki S, Sutrisno S, Fukami JI, 1987. Artificial diet for the large cabbageheart caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis (Zell.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 22(2):232-234

Laksanawati A, Dibyantoro H, 1988. The use of Streptomyces avermectylis as a bacterial insecticide to control the main cabbage insect pests. Buletin Penelitian Hortikultura, 16(4):70-75; 6 ref

Lee HS, 1986. Seasonal occurrence of the important insect pests on cabbage in southern Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 35(4):530-542

Lever RJAW, 1945. Entomological notes. Agriculture Journal Fiji, 16(1):8-11

Lever RJAW, 1968. A check list of economic insects and mites of crops in the British Solomon Islands. Food and Agriculture Organization, Plant Protection Committee for South East Asia and Pacific Region, Technical Document 65

Makhmoor HD, Shinde CB, 1986. Preliminary study on the effect of different doses of N, P and K and their combinations in mustard on the incidence of Athalia proxima Klug, Crocidolamia binotalis Zeil and Phytomyza atricornis Meigen. Research and Development Reporter, 3(1):66-71

Morallo-Rejesus B, Eroles D, 1976. Potentiation of paired insecticide combinations on Plutella xylostella (Linn.) and other cabbage insects. Philippine Entomologist, 3(3/4):225-240

Muniappan M, Marutani M, 1992. Pest management for head cabbage production on guam. In: Talekar NS, ed. Proceedings of the 2nd international Workshop on Diamondback Moth and Other Crucifer Pests held at AVRDC (Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center), Taiwan 10-14, December 1990, 541-549

Nagarkatti S, Jayanth KP, 1982. Population dynamics of major insect pests of cabbage and of their natural enemies in Bangalore District (India). In: Heong KL, Lee BS, Lim TM, Teoh CH, Ibrahim Y, ed. Proceedings of the International Conference on Plant Protection in the Tropics. 1-4 March, 1982, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysian Plant Protection Society Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, 325-347

Ohsawa K, Atsuzawa S, Mitsui T, Yamamoto I, 1991. Isolation and insecticidal activity of three acetogenins from seeds of pond apple, Annona glabra L. Journal of Pesticide Science, 16(1):93-96

Ong KH, Soon SC, 1989. Seasonal abundance and distribution patterns among host plants of diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (L.). Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 17(1):29-40

Ooi PAC, 1980. The pathogenicity of Bacillus thuringiensis for Crocidolomia binotalis. MAPPS Newsletter, 3(4):4

Ooi PAC, Kelderman W, 1979. The biology of three common pests of cabbages in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Agriculture, 52(1):85-101

Othman N, 1982. Biology of Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its Parasites from Cipanas area (West Java). Bogor, Indonesia: Seameo Regional Centre for Tropical Biology

Patil SP, Pokharkar RN, 1979. Some new records of insect pests infesting cruciferous vegetable crops in Maharashtra State. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 4(2):222-223

Peter C, David BV, 1988. Studies on the efficacy and persistence of diflubenzuron against Crocidolomia binotalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on radish. Current Research, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, 17(3):32-34

Peter C, Iqbal Singh, ChannaBasavanna GP, 1983. Biology and seasonal incidence of Palexorista solennis (Diptera: Tachinidae) in South India. Entomon, 8(4):317-320

Peter C, Iqbal Singh, ChannaBasavanna GP, Suman CL, Krishnaiah K, 1988. Loss estimation in cabbage due to leaf webber Crocidolomia binotalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 85(3):642-644

Prijono D, Hassan E, 1992. Life cycle and demography of Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on broccoli in the laboratory. Indonesian Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 4(1):18-24

Puspitorini RD, Mudjiono G, Istianto M, 1992. Jerusan Perlindungan Tanaman. Agrivita, 15(2):34-38

Raich KV, 1976. New parasites of cabbage web-worm. Science and Culture, 42(8):434-435

Rao PK, Chitra KC, Ganapati K, 1992. Effect of diflubenzuron on the development of cabbage leaf webber Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyraustidae). Bioecology and control of insect pests: Proceedings of the National Symposium on Growth, Development & Control Technology of Insect Pests [edited by Goel, S. C.] Muzaffarnagar, India; Uttar Pradesh Zoological Society, 259-264

Reddy AS, Ali MH, 1976. Studies on the biology of Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller on mustard (Brassica juncea). Andhra Agriculture Journal, 22:155-119

Sastrosiswojo S, Setiawati W, 1992. Biology and control of Crocidolomia binotalis in Indonesia. In: Talekar NS, ed. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Diamondback Moth and other Crucifer Pests held at Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taiwan, December 10-14, 1990, 81-90

Sen PC, 1919. Annual Report of the Entomological Collector, Bengal, 1918-19. Report Department of Agriculture, Bengal, Calcutta, 104-106

Senapati B, Samal T, Sahoo P, 1992. Residual effectiveness of diflubenzuron against cabbage leaf webber, Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) [on cabbages]. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(3-4):232-234

Shaffer M, Nielsen ES, Horak M, 1996. Pyralidae. In: Nielsen ES, Edwards ED, Rangi TV, eds. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera. Volume 4. Canberra, Australia: CSIRO

Singh I, 1978. Population dynamics and integrated control of Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). PhD thesis. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India

Singh OP, Rawat RR, 1980. Natural enemies of cabbage web-worm, Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. at Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh). Indian Journal of Entomology, 42(2):324-326

Singh OP, Rawat RR, 1983. Bionomics of the cabbage web-worm, Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. on mustard at Jabalpur. Bulletin of Entomology, 24(2):75-82

Singh SP, 1974. Control of cabbage leaf web worm Crocidolamia binotalis Zell. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Labdev Journal of Science and Technology, B, 12(3):115-116

Sison P, 1927. The cabbage caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. Phillipines Agriculture Review, 18(4):575-577

Situmorang J, Gabriel BP, 1988. Biology of Labidura riparia (Pallas) and its predatory capacity on the Asian corn borer. Philippine Entomologist, 7(3):195-214

Smith D, 1975. Cabbage pest control investigations. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, 32(1):13-18

Soenarso, Kartono NI, 1979. The effects of tomato and shallot intercrops on populations of Plutella maculipennis and Crocidolomia binotalis. Bulletin Penelitian Hortikultura, 7(4):3-6

Srinivasan K, Moorthy PNK, 1991. Indian mustard as a trap crop for management of major lepidopterous pests on cabbage. Tropical Pest Management, 37(1):26-32

Srinivasan K, Moorthy PNK, 1992. Development and adoption of integrated pest management for major pests of cabbage using Indian mustard as a trap crop. In: Talekar NS, ed. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Diamondback Moth and other Crucifer Pests held at AVRDC (Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center), Taiwan, December 10-14, 1990, 511-522

Sudarwohadi, Sujud, Oever HAM van den, 1974. Leaf eating caterpillars of cabbage (Plutella maculipennis and Crocidolomia binotalis): population fluctuations and chemical control. Agricultural Cooperation Indonesia-The Netherlands. Research reports 1968-1974. Section II. Technical contributions. Ministry of Agriculture. Jakarta Indonesia, 385-392

Thistleton BM, 1979. Working paper on Crocidolomia binotalis in Papua New Guinea. In: Workshop on Tropical Agricultural Entomology, 22-26 October 1979. Mareeba, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries

Uelese A, Ridland PM, Stouthamer R, He YuRong, Ang G, Zalucki MP, Furlong MJ, 2014. Trichogramma chilonis Ishii: a potential biological control agent of Crocidolomia pavonana in Samoa. Biological Control, 73:31-38. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1049964414000632

Usui K, Kurihara M, Uchiumi K, Fukami JI, Tatsuki S, 1987. Sex pheromone of the female large cabbage-heart caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 51(8):2191-2195

Van den Oever R, 1973. A study on the life history of Crocidolomia binotalis Zell. and the population dynamics of Crocidolomia binotalis and Plutella maculipennis Curt. on cabbage in Indonesia. Report on a six month practical stage at L.P. Hort. Pasraminggu, Jakarta

Walker AK, Deitz LL, 1979. A review of entomophagous insects in the Cook Islands. New Zealand Entomologist, 7(1):70-82

Waterhouse DF, 1992. Biological control of diamondback moth in the Pacific. In: Talekar NS, ed. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Diamondback Moth and Other Crucifer Pests held at AVRDC (Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center), Taiwan 10-14, December 1990, 213-224

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Waterhouse DF, Norris KR, 1987. Biological control: Pacific prospects. viii + 454pp

Distribution References

ADPI (Australian Department of Primary Industries), 1979. Uses of Insecticides in Australia 1977., Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Primary Industries.

Bhat D M, 2018. First report of Crocidolomia binotalis (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) as a serious pest of some Brassica vegetable crops in Kashmir. Journal of Entomological Research. 42 (2), 255-258. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:jer&type=home DOI:10.5958/0974-4576.2018.00042.7

Bhuiyan M S I, Bhuiyan M S A, 1981. Effectiveness of different insecticides for the control of leaf caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller on mustard (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 6 (2), 33-36.

Brown J D, Hargreaves J R, 1979. Control of cabbage pests. Queensland Agricultural Journal. 105 (3), 222-228.

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chang L C, 1972. Insect control on vegetables with Thuricide and other insecticides. Taiwan Agriculture Quarterly. 8 (4), 164-169.

Chaudhuri S K, Ghosh M R, 1982. Influence of some modern insecticides on the incidence of Coccinella transversalis Fab., a predator of Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). Science and Culture. 48 (6), 214-216.

Choi S-W, Kim S-S, 2019. Six new records of Crambidae (Lepidoptera) from Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity. 12 (3), 433-437.

Dizon L D, Madrid V J Sr, 1974. Comparative toxicities of certain insecticides to cabbage worm larvae (Crocidolomia binotalis Zell.). Araneta Research Journal. 21 (1/2), 9-19.

Facknath S, Kawol D, 1993. Antifeedant and insecticidal effects of some plant extracts on the cabbage webworm, Crocidolomia binotalis. Insect Science and its Application. 14 (5), 571-574.

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