Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Capsicum
(peppers)

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Datasheet

Capsicum (peppers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Capsicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • peppers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
Fruiting habitCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Fruiting habitCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleFruits
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
FruitsCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest & Kim Starr-2014 - CC BY 3.0
C. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleCapsicum annuum - line drawing
CaptionC. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Capsicum annuum - line drawingC. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Capsicum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • peppers

International Common Names

  • English: red pepper; sweet pepper
  • Spanish: pimientos
  • Arabic: fulful

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Paprika

EPPO code

  • CPSSS (Capsicum sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Capsicum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EthiopiaPresent
GhanaPresent
NigeriaPresent
RwandaPresent
TunisiaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-BeijingPresent
-ChongqingPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-JilinPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-NingxiaPresent
-QinghaiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-TianjinPresent
-TibetPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-GujaratPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-PunjabPresent
IndonesiaPresent
IranPresent
PakistanPresent
South KoreaPresent
SyriaPresent
TurkeyPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
EstoniaPresent
ItalyPresent
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
LithuaniaPresent
MontenegroPresent
SerbiaPresent
SpainPresent

North America

Costa RicaPresent
Dominican RepublicPresent
MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-TexasPresent
-VirginiaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
ColombiaPresent

References

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Ávila-Alistac, N., Ramírez-Rojas, S., Lozoya-Saldaña, H., Rebollar-Alviter, Á., Guzmán-Plazola, R. A., 2017. Alternate hosts of Iris yellow spot virus and trips on onion crops in Morelos and Michoacan, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 35(2), 242-262. http://www.rmf.smf.org.mx/Vol3522017/RMF_Vol_35_2_2017.pdf

Distribution References

Aatika S, Nasira K, Shahina F, 2017. Description of Filenchus maqbooli n. sp., and redescriptions of five new records of plant parasitic nematodes of maize crops from Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 35 (1), 47-64. DOI:10.18681/pjn.v35.i01.p47-64

Adebayo O S, Nwanguma E I, 2011. Incidence of Phytophthora blight and bacterial wilt in dry season pepper production in Katsina, Nigeria. Acta Horticulturae. 175-180. http://www.actahort.org/books/917/917_22.htm

Șahİn F, 2001. Pepper races 7, 8 and 10 of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria isolated from diseased pepper plants in Turkey. Plant Pathology. 50 (6), 809. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2001.00632.x

Alabi O J, Al-Rwahnih M, Jifon J L, Gregg L, Crosby K M, Mirkov T E, 2015. First report of Pepper vein yellows virus infecting pepper (Capsicum spp.) in the United States. Plant Disease. 99 (11), 1656. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-15-0329-PDN

Alippi A M, Dal Bo E, Ronco L B, López M V, López A C, Aguilar O M, 2003. Pseudomonas populations causing pith necrosis of tomato and pepper in Argentina are highly diverse. Plant Pathology. 52 (3), 287-302. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2003.00850.x

Amirmijani A, Khodaparast S A, Zare R, 2014. Contribution to the identification of Cladosporium species in the North of Iran. Rostaniha. 15 (2), 133-145. http://rostaniha.areo.ir/article_101237_c0c091f7d5f8bedbdc2048350bec7ed3.pdf

Amponsah N T, Nutsugah S K, 2010. Nematodes associated with soils and roots of field crops in northern Ghana. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 28 (1), 65-73.

Anabestani A, Izadpanah K, Tabein S, Hamzeh-Zarghani H, Behjatnia S A A, 2015. Beet curly top viruses in Iran: diversity and incidence in plants and geographical regions. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 51 (4), 494-504, Pe493. http://www.ijpp.ir/article_19634_2fabe462d308d7daf67eb838eb2cb6ab.pdf

Ávila-Alistac N, Ramírez-Rojas S, Lozoya-Saldaña H, Rebollar-Alviter Á, Guzmán-Plazola R A, 2017. Alternate hosts of Iris yellow spot virus and trips on onion crops in Morelos and Michoacan, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 35 (2), 242-262. http://www.rmf.smf.org.mx/Vol3522017/RMF_Vol_35_2_2017.pdf

Aydınlı G, 2018. Detection of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne luci Carneiro et al., 2014 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in vegetable fields of Samsun Province, Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 42 (3), 229-237. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/516601

Badal Bhattacharyya, Sharma A K, Gawande S P, Kolla Sreedevi, 2014. Occurrence of Lepidiota sp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in western Assam. Current Biotica. 8 (2), 195-196. http://www.currentbiotica.com/CB/Journals8-Issue-II/CB-8(2)-Short-notes-6.pdf

Bae Miah, Jo YeonHwa, Choi HoSeong, Phu Tri Tran, Kim KookHyung, 2019. First report of tomato mosaic virus isolated from tomato and pepper in Vietnam. Journal of Plant Pathology. 101 (1), 181-181. DOI:10.1007/s42161-018-0127-6

Batuman O, Rojas M R, Almanzar A, Gilbertson R L, 2014. First report of Tomato chlorotic spot virus in processing tomatoes in the Dominican Republic. Plant Disease. 98 (2), 286. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0685-PDN

Biranvand A, Nedvěd O, Tomaszewska W, Al-Ansi A N, Fekrat L, Haghghadam Z M, Khormizi M Z, Noorinahad S, Şenal D, Shakarami J, Haelewaters D, 2019. The genus Harmonia (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in the Middle East region. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae. 59 (1), 163-170. DOI:10.2478/aemnp-2019-0014

Camele I, Marcone C, Cristinzio G, 2005. Detection and identification of Phytophthora species in Southern Italy by RFLP and sequence analysis of PCR-amplified nuclear ribosomal DNA. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 113 (1), 1-14. DOI:10.1007/s10658-005-8915-1

Damayanti T A, Naidu R A, 2009. Identification of Peanut bud necrosis virus and Tomato spotted wilt virus in Indonesia for the first time. Plant Pathology. 58 (4), 782. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02103.x

Diao Y Z, Zhang C, Liu F, Wang W Z, Liu L, Cai L, Liu X L, 2017. Colletotrichum species causing anthracnose disease of chili in China. Persoonia. 20-37. DOI:10.3767/003158517X692788

Faten Gorsane, Fekih-Hassen I, Nakhla M K, Hatem Fakhfakh, Maxwell D P, Mohamed Marrakchi, 2004. Molecular evidence of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Sicily spreading on tomato, pepper and bean in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 43 (2), 177-186.

Gambley C, Cremer J, Campbell P, Roach R, Abdel-Salam A M, 2020. New host records for Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus: capsicum and melon in Egypt. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 15 (3), (03 January 2020). DOI:10.1007/s13314-019-0372-3

Ghabeish I, Sweiss M, Anfoka G, 2021. Updated status of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Jordan with emphasis on the Bemisia tabacispecies complex. Revista Colombiana de Entomología. 47 (1), DOI:10.25100/socolen.v47i1.8944

González-Pacheco B E, Silva-Rosales L, 2013. First report of Impatiens necrotic spot virus in Mexico in tomatillo and pepper plants. Plant Disease. 97 (8), 1124. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0092-PDN

Götz M, Winter S, 2016. Diversity of Bemisia tabaci in Thailand and Vietnam and indications of species replacement. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 19 (2), 537-543. DOI:10.1016/j.aspen.2016.04.017

Ha C, Revill P, Harding R M, Vu M, Dale J L, 2008. Identification and sequence analysis of potyviruses infecting crops in Vietnam. Archives of Virology. 153 (1), 45-60. http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/90316764184520r2/fulltext.pdf DOI:10.1007/s00705-007-1067-1

Harling R, Arocha Y, Harju V, Tobing C, Boa E, Kelly P, Reeder R, 2009. First report of 16SrII 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia' infecting chilli and tamarillo in Indonesia. Plant Pathology. 58 (4), 791. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02074.x

Hord M J, García A, Villalobos H, Rivera C, Macaya G, Roossinck M J, 2001. Field survey of cucumber mosaic virus subgroups I and II in crop plants in Costa Rica. Plant Disease. 85 (9), 952-954. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.9.952

Hwang KiSeon, Eom MinYong, Park SuHyuk, Won OkJae, Lee InYong, Park KeeWoong, 2015. Occurrence and distribution of weed species on horticulture fields in Chungnam province of Korea. Journal of Ecology and Environment. 38 (3), 353-360. DOI:10.5141/ecoenv.2015.036

Ismaeil F, Kassem A H, Al-Chaabi S, 2012. First report of Tomato mosaic virus on tomato and pepper in Syria. Journal of Plant Pathology. 94 (4, Supplement), S4.90. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Jibrin M O, Potnis T N, Minsavage G V, Shenge K C, Akpa A D, Alegbejo M D, Beed F, Vallad G E, Jones J B, 2014. First report of Xanthomonas euvesicatoria causing bacterial spot disease in pepper in Northwestern Nigeria. Plant Disease. 98 (10), 1426-1427. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-14-0586-PDN

Jović J, Mitrović M, Cvrković T, Krstić O, Toševski I, 2012. Occurrence and molecular identification of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Current Trends in Plant Protection, Belgrade, Serbia, 25-28th September, 2012. [ed. by Marisavljević D]. Belgrade, Serbia: Institute for Plant Protection and Environment. 520-525.

Kaomud Tyagi, Vikas Kumar, 2014. New records of thrips (Thysanoptera, Terebrantia, Thripidae) from Himachal Pradesh, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India. 114 (4), 591-598.

Kök Ș, Kasap İ, Özdemİr I, 2016. Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species determined in Çanakkale Province with a new record for the aphid fauna of Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. 40 (4), 397-412. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/entoted/article/view/5000199653/5000176936

Kondo T, Gullan P J, Peronti A L B G, Ramos-Portilla A A, Caballero A, Villarreal-Pretelt N, 2016. First records of the iceryine scale insects Crypticerya brasiliensis (Hempel) and Crypticerya genistae (Hempel) (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae) for Colombia. Insecta Mundi. 1-9. http://centerforsystematicentomology.org/insectamundi/PDF-download.asp?FileName=0480_Kondo_etal_2016.pdf

Koolivand D, Bashir N S, Mozafari J, 2012. Serological andmolecular detection of newly isolated Cucumber mosaic virus variants from Iran. International Journal of Agriculture: Research and Review. 2 (Special issue), 933-941. http://ecisi.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/933-941.doc.pdf

Kostova D, Lisa V, Milne R G, Vaira A M, Dellavalle G, Tsorlianis S, 2003. Virus diseases of vegetable crops in southern Bulgaria. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 42 (1), 3-8.

Lemessa F, Zeller W, 2006. Biological control of potato bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in Ethiopia: determination of biovars of Ralstonia solanacearum. In: Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft. [ed. by Zeller W, Ullrich C]. Berlin, Germany: Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft. 119-120.

Li T T, Sun X C, Wu G X, 2012. First report of A group 16SrI phytoplasma infecting epazote in China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 94 (4, Supplement), S4.89. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Li Y Y, Wang C L, Xiang D, Li R H, Liu Y, Li F, 2014. First report of tomato mottle mosaic virus infection of pepper in China. Plant Disease. 98 (10), 1447. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0317-PDN

Malumphy C, Ostrauskas H, 2013. New data on whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, including the first records of rhododendron whitefly Massilieurodes chittendeni (Laing). Zoology and Ecology. 23 (1), 1-4. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tzec20 DOI:10.1080/21658005.2013.774831

Manjunatha M, Hanchinal S G, Reddy G V P, 2001. Survey of yellow mite and thrips on chilli in North Karnataka. Insect Environment. 6 (4), 178.

Margaria P, Ciuffo M, Turina M, 2004. Resistance breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus; Bunyaviridae) on resistant pepper cultivars in Almería, Spain. Plant Pathology. 53 (6), 795. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01082.x

Martínez-Sánchez I, Niño-Maldonado S, Lara Villalón M, Romero Nápoles J, Clark S M, 2016. Chrysomelidae associated to timber and non-timber forest resources in Victoria, Tamaulipas. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas. 7 (8), 1945-1957. http://cienciasagricolas.inifap.gob.mx/editorial/index.php/agricolas/article/view/1155/1096

Mazenov A, Serçe Ç U, 2018. First report of Cucumber mosaic virus on Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae crops in the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Plant Pathology. 101 (2), 415-415. DOI:10.1007/s42161-018-0190-z

Nannini M, Testa M, Dellacroce C, Accotto G P, 2011. A survey of TYLCD epidemics in Sardinia (Italy) - monitoring the occurrence of disease-associated viruses on weeds and non-tomato crops. Acta Horticulturae. 185-188. http://www.actahort.org/books/914/914_33.htm

Nischwitz C, Srinivasan R, Sundaraj S, Mullis S W, McInnes B, Gitaitis R D, 2012. Geographical distribution and survival of Iris yellow spot virus in spiny sowthistle, Sonchus asper, in Georgia. Plant Disease. 96 (8), 1165-1171. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0747-RE

Oo MayMoe, Oh SangKeun, 2020. First report of anthracnose of chili pepper fruit caused by Colletotrichum truncatum in Korea. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 564-564. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1874-PDN

Ostrauskas H, 2003. Moths caught in pheromone traps for southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cr.), fall armyworm (S. frugiperda Sm.), and Egyptian cotton leafworm (S. littoralis Bsd.) (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) during 1999-2001 in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 13 (4), 411-424. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2003.10512314

Piloto-Sardiñas E, Palenzuela-Paez I, Piñol-Pérez B E, Quiñones-Pantoja M L, 2018. An increase of the host range of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma sp. in Cuba. Revista de Protección Vegetal. 33 (3), http://scielo.sld.cu/pdf/rpv/v33n3/2224-4697-rpv-33-03-e07.pdf

Pintar M, Milek T M, Šimala M, Markotić V, 2017. Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) as unusual pests on vegetables in Croatia. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov, 13. Slovenskega posvetovanja o varstvu rastlin z mednarodno udeležbo, Rimske Toplice, 7.-8 marec 2017 [Lectures and papers: presented at the 13th Slovenian conference on plant protection with international participation Rimske Toplice, March 7-8 2017.], Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za Varstvo Rastlin Slovenije. 325-330.

Raboudi F, Ben Moussa A, Makni H, Marrakchi M, Makni M, 2002. Serological detection of plant viruses in their aphid vectors and host plants in Tunisia. Bulletin OEPP. 32 (3), 495-498. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2338.2002.00596.x

Razi S, Bernard E C, Laamari M, 2017. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in Biskra (Algeria): first record of the species Frankliniella intonsa and Thrips flavus. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection. 12 (2), 197-205. http://www.iresa.agrinet.tn/tjpp/SiteWeb/CurrentIssue/TJPP12-2.pdf

Reddy K B, Sreedharan K, 2006. Record of giant African snail, Achatina fulica Bowdich on coffee in Visakha agency areas, Andhra Pradesh. Indian Coffee. 70 (12), 17-19. http://www.indiacoffee.org

Reddy N A, Yeshwanth H M, Kenchareddi R N, 2012. An outbreak of pentatomid bug, Udonga montana (distant) in Coorg district of Karnataka. Insect Environment. 18 (3/4), 79-80. http://www.currentbiotica.com/curl.aspx?url=Insect/Volume18/Insect-environment-vol-18(3)-(4).pdf

Romo J P, Osorio J G M, Yepes M S, 2012. Identification of new hosts for Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) race 2 from Colombia. Revista de Protección Vegetal. 27 (3), 151-161. http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1010-27522012000300003&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Schultz P B, Kuhar T P, 2008. First record of pepper weevil infestation in Virginia. Plant Health Progress. 0118-01.

Seal D R, Khan R A, 2017. What is the role of melon thrips in tomato chlorotic spot virus infected fields. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society. 149-154. https://journals.flvc.org/fshs/article/view/114256/109569

Séka K, Ouattara A, Assiri K P, Kra K D, Hoareau M, Lefeuvre P, Diallo H A, Lett J M, 2017. First report of Pepper yellow vein Mali virus associated with pepper yellow vein disease in Cote d'Ivoire. New Disease Reports. 11. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.035.011

Sertkaya G, Martini M, Musetti R, Osler R, 2007. Detection and molecular characterization of phytoplasmas infecting sesame and solanaceous crops in Turkey. Bulletin of Insectology. 60 (2), 141-142. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/

Shakti Khajuria, Rai A K, Kanak Lata, 2013. Occurrence and distribution of insect pests attacking solanaceous vegetables in semi-arid region of central Gujarat. Insect Environment. 19 (4), 248-249. http://www.currentbiotica.com/Insect/Volume19-4/IE-V19(4)-11.pdf

Simón B, Cenis J L, Demichelis S, Rapisarda C, Caciagli P, Bosco D, 2003. Survey of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotypes in Italy with the description of a new biotype (T) from Euphorbia characias. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 93 (3), 259-264. DOI:10.1079/BER2003233

Skelton A, Uzayisenga B, Fowkes A, Adams I, Buxton-Kirk A, Harju V, Forde S, Ward R, Ritchie B, Rutherford M, Offord L, Umulisa C, Waweru B, Kagiraneza B, Karangwa P, Fox A, 2018. First report of Pepper veinal mottle virus, pepper yellows virus and a novel enamovirus in chilli pepper (Capsicum sp.) in Rwanda. New Disease Reports. 5. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2018.037.005

Stoyanova Z B, Rodeva R M, Karov I, Kovacevik B, Manova V I, Georgieva R G, 2013. Morphological and molecular characterization of Colletotrichum coccodes isolated from pepper cultivated in Bulgaria and Macedonia. Matica Srpska Journal for Natural Sciences. 249-262. http://www.maticasrpska.org.rs/stariSajt/casopisi/prirodne_nauke_124.pdf

Tiberini A, Manglli A, Ahmad A, Cassia U, Tomassoli L, 2017. First report and molecular identification of chilli veinal mottle virus in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (2), 523-526. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3891/2535

Tomassoli L, Manglli A, Ahmad A, Tiberini A, Barba M, 2016. First report of Pepper vein yellows virus infecting chilli pepper (Capsicum spp.) in Italy. New Disease Reports. 22. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/pdfs/033/NDR_033022.pdf DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.033.022

Topakci N, Kahvecî L, 2017. New pests on greenhouse vegetables in Antalya Province, Turkey. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture. 19-25. DOI:10.22630/AHLA.2017.38.2

Vajgand D, 2017. The occurrence of potentially harmful moths in Sombor and Celarevo (Serbia) in 2016 and forecast for 2017. Acta Entomologica Serbica. 27-40. http://aes.bio.bg.ac.rs/index.php/aes/article/view/174/pdf_40

Yasmin S, Raja N I, Hameed S, Brown J K, 2017. First association of Pedilanthus leaf curl virus, Papaya leaf curl virus, Cotton leaf curl Kokhran virus, and Papaya leaf curl betasatellite with symptomatic chilli pepper in Pakistan. Plant Disease. 101 (12), 2155-2156. DOI:10.1094/pdis-06-17-0883-pdn

Zindović J, Bulajić A, Krstić B, Ciuffo M, Margaria P, Turina M, 2011. First report of Tomato spotted wilt virus on pepper in Montenegro. Plant Disease. 95 (7), 882. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-11-0167

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