Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Capsicum
(peppers)

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Datasheet

Capsicum (peppers)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Capsicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • peppers
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Ornamental
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014
Fruiting habitCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleFruiting habit
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Fruiting habitCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); fruiting habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
TitleFruits
CaptionCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Capsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.
FruitsCapsicum baccatum (pepper, bishop's hat, orchid pepper); close-up of fruits. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September, 2014.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
C. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleCapsicum annuum - line drawing
CaptionC. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Capsicum annuum - line drawingC. annuum: 1, flowering and fruiting plant; 2, shoot with upright fruits; 3, sweet pepper fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Capsicum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • peppers

International Common Names

  • English: red pepper; sweet pepper
  • Spanish: pimientos
  • Arabic: fulful

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Paprika

EPPO code

  • CPSSS (Capsicum sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Solanales
  •                         Family: Solanaceae
  •                             Genus: Capsicum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acanthocoris scabrator (squash bug); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alternaria solani (early blight of potato and tomato); Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed); Anthonomus eugenii (pepper weevil); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Bactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Cornu aspersum (common garden snail); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Gonocephalum (false wireworm); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Pepper necrotic spot virus; Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Potato virus Y (potato mottle); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Saissetia coffeae (hemispherical scale); Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth); Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Tiracola plagiata (plague caterpillar); Tobacco mild green mosaic virus; Tobacco ringspot virus; Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale)

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Amaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed); Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Colletotrichum capsici (leaf spot of peppers); Colletotrichum coccodes (anthracnose); Cyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge); Didymella lycopersici (canker of tomato); Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth); Epitrix hirtipennis (tobacco flea beetle); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (vascular cotton wilt); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Icerya aegyptiaca (breadfruit mealybug); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Impatiens necrotic spot virus (TSWV-I); Insignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Mamestra brassicae (cabbage moth); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Opogona sacchari (banana moth); Ostrinia nubilalis (European maize borer); Pangaeus bilineatus (burrowing bug); Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMV); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas mediterranea; Pythium; Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Tomato chlorosis virus (yellow leaf disorder of tomato); Tomato mosaic virus (tomato mosaic); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tridax procumbens (coat buttons); Tuta absoluta (tomato leafminer); Wild tomato mosaic virus; Xanthomonas vesicatoria (bacterial spot of tomato and pepper)

Wild host of:

Beet curly top virus (curly top)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus fumigatus; Cladosporium oxysporum (seedlings blight of passion fruit); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani); Trichothecium roseum (fruit rot of tomato)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aleurotrachelus trachoides; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Cercospora capsici (frog-eye leafspot of pepper); Cochliobolus geniculatus (root rot: cereals); Cochliobolus spicifer (spring dead spot of grasses); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Curvularia penniseti; Diaporthe capsici; Diaporthe phaseolorum (lima bean pod blight); Epilachna ocellata; Euproctis scintillans; Euxesta eluta; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental tobacco budworm); Heliothis peltigera; Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Lasioderma serricorne (cigarette beetle); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leptosphaerulina trifolii (leaf spot: soyabean); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Microtermes najdensis; Myrothecium verrucaria (myrothecium blotch); Oribius destructor (grey weevil); Oribius inimicus (grey weevil); Passalora capsicicola; Pepper mottle virus; Pepper vein banding virus; Phoma destructiva (fruit and stem rot); Potato virus A (potato mild mosaic); Pseudocochliobolus pallescens (leaf spot of maize); Pseudomonas marginalis (kansas lettuce disease); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pythium spinosum (root rot: ornamentals); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scapteriscus didactylus (Puerto Rican mole cricket); Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Tarsonemus bilobatus; Tetranychus turkestani (strawberry, spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips); Thrips parvispinus (tobacco thrips); Tomato aspermy virus; Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Xanthomonas campestris (black rot of crucifers)

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical