Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus (BICMV)
Don't need the entire report?
Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.Generate report
PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus
Preferred Common Name
Other Scientific Names
- azuki bean mosaic virus
- bean common mosaic potyvirus strn blackeye cowpea
- Bean common mosaic virus strn blackeye cowpea
- bean yellow mosaic virus, cowpea strain
- blackeye cowpea mosaic potyvirus
- blackeye cowpea mosaic virus
- cowpea (aphid-borne) mosaic virus
- cowpea (blackeye) mosaic virus
- cowpea vein-banding mosaic virus
- peanut blotch virus
International Common Names
- English: BLCMV
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Virus
- Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
- Group: "RNA viruses"
- Family: Potyviridae
- Genus: Potyvirus
- Species: Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Growth StagesTop of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Leaves / abnormal colours|
|Leaves / abnormal forms|
|Leaves / abnormal patterns|
|Whole plant / dwarfing|
ReferencesTop of page
Anderson CW, 1955. Vigna and Crotalaria viruses in Florida. II. Notations concerning cowpea mosaic virus (Marmor vignae). Plant Disease Reporter, 39:349-353.
Anon, 1987. Progress Report 1985. Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, 168-171.
Bock KR, Conti M, 1974. Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus, No. 134. In: CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology, 4 pp.
Chang CA, 1991. Virus diseases and their transmission of legume crops in Taiwan. Integrated control of plant virus diseases. Proceedings of the International Workshop TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, April 9-14, 1990 [edited by Kiritani, K.; Su, H.J.; Chu, Y.I.] Taipei, Taiwan; Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, 99-110
Corbett MK, 1957. Serological and morphological relationships of plant viruses. Report of the Florida University Agricultural Experiment Station for 1956:117-118.
Dijkstra J, Beek NAM van, Lohuis D, Helden M van, Meijer R, 1987. Is a helper factor necessary for infection of cowpea protoplasts with blackeye cowpea mosaic virus? Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(1):43-47.
Dijkstra J, Bos L, Bouwmeester HJ, Hadiastono T, Lohuis H, 1987. Identification of blackeye cowpea mosaic virus from germplasm of yard-long bean and from soybean, and the relationships between blackeye cowpea mosaic virus and cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(3):115-133
Dougherty WG, Hiebert E, 1980. Translation of potyvirus RNA in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate: identification of nuclear inclusion proteins as products of tobacco etch virus RNA translation and cylindrical inclusion protein as a product of the potyvirus genome. Virology, 104(1):174-182
Edwardson JR, Zettler FW, Christie RG, Evans IR, 1972. A cytological comparison of inclusions as a basis for distinguishing two filamentous legume viruses. Journal of General Virology, 15:113-118.
Fischer HU, Lockhart BEL, 1976. A strain of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus isolated from cowpea in Morocco. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 85:43-48.
Fukumoto F, Thongmeearkom P, Iwaki M, Choopanya D, Tsuchizaki T, Iizuka N, Sarindu N, Deema N, Ong CA, Saleh N, 1987. Peanut chlorotic ring mottle, a potyvirus occurring widely in southeast Asian countries. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 20(3):215-222
Hiebert E, McDonald JG, 1973. Characterization of some proteins associated with viruses in the potato Y group. Virology, 56:349-361.
Hu JS, Ferreria S, Wang M, Borth WB, Mink G, Jordan R, 1995. Purification, host range, serology, and partial sequencing of dendrobium mosaic potyvirus, a new member of the bean common mosaic virus subgroup. Phytopathology, 85(5):542-546
Huguenot C, Furneaux MT, Hamilton RI, 1994. Capsid protein properties of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus and blackeye cowpea mosaic virus confirm the existence of two major subgroups of aphid-transmitted, legume-infecting potyviruses. Journal of General Virology, 75(12):3555-3560
Huguenot C, Furneaux MT, Thottappilly G, Rossel HW, Hamilton RI, 1993. Evidence that cowpea aphid-borne mosaic and blackeye cowpea mosaic viruses are two different potyviruses. Journal of General Virology, 74(3):335-340
Iwaki M, Roechan M, Tantera DM, 1975. Virus diseases of legume plants in Indonesia. 1. Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Contributions from the Central Research Institute for Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia, 13:14 pp.
Khan JA, Lohuis D, Goldbach R, Dijkstra J, 1993. Sequence data to settle the taxonomic position of bean common mosaic virus and blackeye cowpea mosaic virus isolates. Journal of General Virology, 74(10):2243-2249
Khan JA, Lohuis H, Goldbach RW, Dijkstra J, 1990. Distinction of strains of bean common mosaic virus and blackeye cowpea mosaic virus using antibodies to N- and C- or N-terminal peptide domains of coat proteins. Annals of Applied Biology, 117(3):583-593
Kuhn CW, Brantley BB, Demski JW, Pio-Ribeiro G, 1984. "Pinkeye Purple Hull-BVR", "White Acre-BVR", and "Corona" cowpeas. HortScience, 19:592.
Kuhn CW, Brantley BB, Sowell G Jr, 1966. Southern pea viruses: identification, symptomatology, and sources of resistance. Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, New Series, 157:5-22.
Lana AF, Lohuis H, Bos L, Dijkstra J, 1988. Relationships among strains of bean common mosaic virus and blackeye cowpea mosaic virus
Lima JAA, Purcifull DE, 1980. Immunochemical and microscopical techniques for detecting blackeye cowpea mosaic and soybean mosaic viruses in hypocotyls of germinated seeds. Phytopathology, 70(2):142-147
Lima JAA, Purcifull DE, Edwardson JR, 1978. Serological, biological and cytological distinctions between three legume viruses. International Virology, 4:586.
Lovisolo O, Conti M, 1966. Identification of an aphid-transmitted cowpea mosaic virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 72:265-269.
Mali VR, Mundhe GE, Patil NS, Kulthe KS, 1988. Detection and identification of blackeye cowpea mosaic and cowpea aphid borne mosaic viruses in India. International Journal of Tropical Plant Diseases, 6(2):159-173
McKern NM, Mink GI, Barnett OW, Mishra A, Whittaker LA, Silbernagel MJ, Ward CW, Shukla DD, 1992. Isolates of bean common mosaic virus comprising two distinct potyviruses. Phytopathology, 82(9):923-929
McKern NM, Shukla DD, Barnett OW, Vetten HJ, Dijkstra J, Whittaker LW, Ward CW, 1992. Coat protein properties suggest that azuki bean mosaic virus, blackeye cowpea mosaic virus, peanut stripe virus, and three isolates from soybean are all strains of the same potyvirus. Intervirology, 33(3):121-134
McKern NM, Strike PM, Barnett OW, Dijkstra J, Shukla DD, Ward CW, 1994. Cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus
McKern NM, Ward CW, Shukla DD, 1992. Strains of bean common mosaic virus consist of at least two distinct potyviruses. Archives of Virology Vienna, Austria; Springer-Verlag/Wien, Supplementum 5:407-414
Mink GI, Silbernagel MJ, 1992. Serological and biological relationships among viruses in the bean common mosaic virus subgroup. Vienna, Austria: Springer-Verlag/Wien. Archives of Virology, Supplementum, 5:397-406
Mink GI, Vetten HJ, Ward CW, Berger PH, Morales FJ, Myers JM, Silbernagel MJ, Barnett OW, 1994. Taxonomy and classification of legume-infecting potyviruses. A proposal from the Potyviridae Study Group of the Plant Virus Subcommittee of the ICTV. Archives of Virology, 139:231-235.
Murphy JF, Barnett OW, Witcher W, 1984. A blackeye cowpea mosaic virus strain from South Carolina. Phytopathology, 74:631.
Ngo Bich Hao, Albrechtsen SE, Nicolaisen M, 2003. Detection and identification of the blackeye cowpea mosaic strain of Bean common mosaic virus in seeds of Vigna unguiculata sspp. from North Vietnam. Australasian Plant Pathology, 32(4):505-509.
Purcifull DE, Gonsalves D, 1985. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus, No. 305. In: CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology.
Puttaraju HR, Prakash HS, Shetty HS, 2000. Field incidence, seed-transmission and susceptibility of cowpea varieties with reference to Blackeye Cowpea Mosaic Potyvirus. Seed Research, 28(2):196-202; 15 ref.
Roberts JMF, Hodgson CJ, Jackai LEN, Thottappilly G, Singh SR, 1993. Interaction between two synthetic pyrethroids and the spread of two non-persistent viruses in cowpea. Annals of Applied Biology, 122(1):57-67
Shankar ACU, Nayaka CS, Kumar BH, Shetty SH, Prakash HS, 2009. Detection and identification of the blackeye cowpea mosaic strain of Bean common mosaic virus in seeds of cowpea from southern India. Phytoparasitica, 37(3):283-293. http://www.springerlink.com/content/v491151w01680678/?p=dca43b2885b14110876323d8c7e62d32&pi=9
Shankar ACU, Nayaka SC, Sathyanarayana Niranjan-Raj, Kumar HB, Reddy MS, Niranjana SR, Prakash HS, 2009. Rhizobacteria-mediated resistance against the blackeye cowpea mosaic strain of bean common mosaic virus in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Pest Management Science, 65(10):1059-1064. http://www.interscience.wiley.com/pestmanagementscience
Sumana, Murthy KVK, 1992. Nature of seed transmission of blackeye cowpea mosaic virus in cowpea. Legume Research, 15(2):86-90; 13 ref.
Taiwo MA, Gonsalves D, Provvidenti R, Thurston HD, 1982. Partial characterization and grouping of isolates of blackeye cowpea mosaic and cowpea aphidborne mosaic viruses. Phytopathology, 72(6):590-596
Thottappilly G, Hamilton RI, Huguenot C, Rossel HW, Furneaux MT, Gumedzoe MY, Shoyinka SA, Naik DM, Konate G, Atcham-Agneroh T, Haciwa HC, Anno-Nyako FO, Saifodine N, Wangai A, Lamptey P, Gubba A, Mbw, 1993. Identification of cowpea viruses and their strains in tropical Africa
Tsuchizaki T, Omura T, 1987. Relationships among bean common mosaic virus, blackeye cowpea mosaic virus, azuki bean mosaic virus and soybean mosaic virus. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 53(4):478-488
Tsuchizaki T, Senboku T, Iwaki M, Kiratiya-Angul S, Srithongchai W, Deema N, Ong CA, 1986. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus from asparagus bean (Vigna sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Malaysia. Technical Bulletin of the Tropical Agriculture Research Center, No.21:213-218
Tsuchizaki T, Senboku T, Iwaki M, Pholauporn S, Srithongchi W, Deema N, Ong CA, 1984. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus from asparagus bean (Vigna sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Malaysia, and their relationships to a Japanese isolate. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 50(4):461-468
Tsuchizaki T, Yora K, Asuyama H, 1970. The viruses causing mosaic of cowpea and azuki bean, and their transmissibility through seeds. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 36:112-120.
Uyemoto JK, Provvidenti R, Purcifull DE, 1973. Host range and serological properties of a seed-borne cowpea virus. Phytopathology, 63:208-209.
Walker CA Jr, Chambliss OL, 1981. Inheritance of resistance to blackeye cowpea mosaic virus in southernpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp. HortScience, 16:286.
Zettler FW, Christie RG, Edwardson JR, 1967. Aphid transmission of virus from leaf sectors correlated with intracellular inclusions. Virology, 33:549-552.
Zettler FW, Evans IR, 1972. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus in Florida: host range and incidence in certified cowpea seed. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 85:99-101.
Zhao GS, Baltensperger DD, Hiebert E, Purcifull DE, Edwardson JR, 1991. Purification, serology, and in vitro translation of an alyce-clover isolate of blackeye cowpea mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 75(3):254-257
Zhao GS, Baltensperger DD, Purcifull DE, Christie RG, Hiebert E, Edwardson JR, 1991. Host range, cytology, and transmission of an alyce-clover isolate of blackeye cowpea mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 75(3):251-253
CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Chang C A, 1991. Virus diseases and their transmission of legume crops in Taiwan. In: Integrated control of plant virus diseases. Proceedings of the International Workshop TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, April 9-14, 1990. [Integrated control of plant virus diseases. Proceedings of the International Workshop TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, April 9-14, 1990.], [ed. by Kiritani K, Su HJ, Chu YI]. Taipei, Taiwan: Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region. 99-110.
Gillaspie A G Jr, Hopkins M S, Pinnow D L, Hampton R O, 1995. Seedborne viruses in preintroduction cowpea seed lots and establishment of virus-free accessions. Plant Disease. 79 (4), 388-391. DOI:10.1094/PD-79-0388
Thottappilly G, Hamilton R I, Huguenot C, Rossel H W, Furneaux M T, Gumedzoe M Y, Shoyinka S A, Naik D M, Konaté G, Atcham-Agneroh T, Haciwa H C, Anno-Nyako F O, Saifodine N, Wangai A, Lamptey P, Gubba A, Mbwaga A M, Neya J, Offei S K, 1993. Identification of cowpea viruses and their strains in tropical Africa - an international pilot project. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 41 (2), 65-71.
Tsuchizaki T, Omura T, 1987. Relationships among bean common mosaic virus, blackeye cowpea mosaic virus, azuki bean mosaic virus and soybean mosaic virus. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 53 (4), 478-488. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.53.478
Tsuchizaki T, Senboku T, Iwaki M, Pholauporn S, Srithongchi W, Deema N, Ong C A, 1984. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus from asparagus bean (Vigna sesquipedalis) in Thailand and Malaysia, and their relationships to a Japanese isolate. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan. 50 (4), 461-468. DOI:10.3186/jjphytopath.50.461
Zhao G S, Baltensperger D D, Purcifull D E, Christie R G, Hiebert E, Edwardson J R, 1991. Host range, cytology, and transmission of an alyce-clover isolate of blackeye cowpea mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 75 (3), 251-253. DOI:10.1094/PD-75-0251
Distribution MapsTop of page
Unsupported Web Browser:
One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.
More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/