Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cossus cadambae
(teak trunk borer)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Cossus cadambae (teak trunk borer)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cossus cadambae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • teak trunk borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleEggs
Caption
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
EggsGeorge Mathew
Single egg of C. cadambae, magnified.
TitleMagnified egg
CaptionSingle egg of C. cadambae, magnified.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Single egg of C. cadambae, magnified.
Magnified eggSingle egg of C. cadambae, magnified.George Mathew
Freshly hatched larva viewed under binocular microscope.
TitleFreshly hatched larva
CaptionFreshly hatched larva viewed under binocular microscope.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Freshly hatched larva viewed under binocular microscope.
Freshly hatched larvaFreshly hatched larva viewed under binocular microscope.George Mathew
Mature larva maintained on an artificial diet.
TitleMature larva
CaptionMature larva maintained on an artificial diet.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Mature larva maintained on an artificial diet.
Mature larvaMature larva maintained on an artificial diet.George Mathew
TitleLarva - detail
Caption
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Larva - detailGeorge Mathew
Posterior end of pupa showing circlets of abdominal teeth.
TitlePupa
CaptionPosterior end of pupa showing circlets of abdominal teeth.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Posterior end of pupa showing circlets of abdominal teeth.
PupaPosterior end of pupa showing circlets of abdominal teeth.George Mathew
Left: heavily affected tree in a teak plantation; right: damaged teak bole.
TitleDamage on teak trees
CaptionLeft: heavily affected tree in a teak plantation; right: damaged teak bole.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
Left: heavily affected tree in a teak plantation; right: damaged teak bole.
Damage on teak treesLeft: heavily affected tree in a teak plantation; right: damaged teak bole.George Mathew
View of recently attacked teak tree: initial attack occurs in the axil of side shoots, which wither.
TitleDamage on teak tree
CaptionView of recently attacked teak tree: initial attack occurs in the axil of side shoots, which wither.
CopyrightGeorge Mathew
View of recently attacked teak tree: initial attack occurs in the axil of side shoots, which wither.
Damage on teak treeView of recently attacked teak tree: initial attack occurs in the axil of side shoots, which wither.George Mathew

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cossus cadambae Moore

Preferred Common Name

  • teak trunk borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Alcterogystia cadambae (Moore)
  • Brachylia cadambae (Moore) (Kirby, 1892)

International Common Names

  • English: teak carpenterworm

Local Common Names

  • India: Kannan kuthu

EPPO code

  • COSSCA (Cossus cadambae)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Cossidae
  •                             Genus: Cossus
  •                                 Species: Cossus cadambae

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

IndiaRestricted distributionMathew, 1990
-KarnatakaPresentLingappa et al., 1991
-KeralaPresentMathew & Mohamed Ali, 1987
-Madhya PradeshPresentBhandari and Upadhyay, 1986
-MaharashtraPresentBhandari and Upadhyay, 1986
Sri LankaPresentArora, 1976

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / dieback
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aspergillus flavus Antagonist
Haematonectria haematococca Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen Adults/Larvae
Penicillium citrinum Antagonist
Serratia marcescens Pathogen

References

Top of page

Arora GS, 1976. A taxonomic revision of the Indian species of the family Cossidae (Lepidoptera ). Rec. zool. Surv. India, 69:1-160.

Awadallah AM; Zaklama SF; Mokhtar AM, 1978. Evaluation of certain insecticides and intervals between applications for control of the leopard moth, Zeuzera pyrina L., on pear trees. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Egypt (Economic), No. 11:181-186

Beeson CFC, 1941. The Ecology and Control of Forest Insects of India and the adjacent Countries. 1961 Reprint, Government of India.

Berger LA, 1957. Cle pour la determination des familles de Macrolepidopteres et des groupes superieurs de Microlepidopteres (faune Ethiopienne). Lambillionea, 57(9/10):72-84.

Bhandari RS; Upadhyay AK, 1986. Cossus cadambp Moore. (Lepidoptera: Cossidae). A new pest of tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon). Indian Forester, 112(2):169-173

Bhardwaj SP, 1982. Note on a new record of leopard moth, Zeuzera multistrigata Moore (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), on cherry. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 52(12):881-882

Brues CT; Melander AL; Carpenter FM, 1954. Classification of Insects. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv., 108:1-917.

Bryk F, 1937. Cossidae. Lepid. Cat., 81:1-4.

Capizzi A; Tonini C; Arsura E; Guglielmetti G; Massardo P; Piccardi P, 1983. Sex pheromone components of the European goat moth, Cossus cossus. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 9(2):191-200

Clench Harry K, 1959 Notes on African Cossidae. Veroff.zool. StSamml. Munch., 6:1-28.

Comstock JK, 1962. Introduction to Entomology. Ithaca, NY, USA: Comstock Publishing Associates.

Cotes EC; Swinhoe C, 1887. Catalogue of the Moths of India, 2:232. (Indian Museum).

Dalla-Torre KW, 1923. Cossidae - Lepid. Cat., 29:1-63.

Daniel F, 1962. Besprechung einiger Zeuzera - Formen ost.- und Sudostasiens (Lepidoptera : Cossidae). Z. Arb Gem. ost. Ent., 14(1):6-9.

Daniel F, 1965. Monographie der Palaearktischen Cossidae. VIII. Nachtrage und Register zur subfamily Cossinae (Supplement and index of the subfamily Cossinae). Mitt. munch. ent. Ges., e.v., 55:77-114.

Essig EO, 1951. College Entomology. New York, USA.

Fabricius, 1794. Ent.Syst. iii, pt ii, p.3.

Gaede M, 1933. Cossidae (Indo-Australian) - in Seitz Macrolepidoptera of the world, 10:807-824.

Gardner JCM, 1945. Immature stages of Indian Lepidoptera. (Cossidae, Indarbelidae). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 45(3):390-396.

Ghaiglom D, 1966. Teak beehole borer and control research in Thailand. Vanasaran, 24(3):295-300.

Hampson GF, 1892. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths. Vol I. Blanford WT, ed. London, UK: Taylor and Francis, 314-315.

Handlirsch A, 1925. Cossidae. In: Schroder Handbuch der entomologie, 3:893-894. Jena (verlag von Guster Fischer).

Hodges RW, 1983. Cossidae. In: Hodges RW, Dominick T, Davis DR, Ferguson DC, Franclemont JG, Munroe EG, Powell JA, eds. Checklist of Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. London, UK: EW Classey Ltd. and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.

Janse AJT, 1932. The Moths of S. Africa. Durban: E.P. & Commercial Printing Co. Ltd.

Kirby W, 1892. A Synonymic Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). London, UK: Gurney & Jackson.

Leach WE, 1830. Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, vol.9.

Lefroy HM, 1909. Indian Insect Life. New Delhi, India: Today and Tomorrow's Printers and publishers, (1971 reprint).

Lingappa S; Hiremath IG; Deshpande VP, 1991. A new threat to forest gold. Myforest, 27(1):55-56

Mathew G, 1990. Biology and Ecology of the Teak Trunk borer Cossus cadambae Moore and its possible Control. KFRI Research Report, 68. Peechi, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute.

Mathew G, 1991. Biology, seasonal population trends and impact of the teak carpenterworm Alcterogystia cadambae (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Cossidae). Annals of Entomology, 9(2):39-46

Mathew G; Mohamed Ali MI, 1987. Microbial pathogens causing mortality in the carpenterworm, Cossus cadambae Moore (Lepidoptera, Cossidae), a pest of teak (Tectona grandis Lin. f.) in Kerala (India). Journal of Tropical Forestry, 3(4):349-351; 3 ref.

Mathew G; Rugmini P; Jayaraman K, 1989. Studies on spatial distribution in the teak carpenterworm Cossus cadambp Moore (Lepidoptera, Cossidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 28(1-2):88-96

MATHUR RN; BALWANT SINGH, 1959. Forest Bulletin. Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, 171. 3 + ] 165 pp.

Mehta DR, 1933. Comparative morphology in the male genitalia of Lepidoptera. Rec. Indian Mus., 35:197-266.

Minet J, 1986. Ebauche d'une classification moderne de l'ordre des Lepidoptera. Alexanor, 14:291-313.

Moore F, 1865. On the Lepidopterous insects of Bengal. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 822 (Type loc.-Calcutta).

Neumoegen B; Dyar HG, 1894. A preliminary revision of the Bombyces of America, north of Mexico. J.N.Y. ent.Soc., 1:97-118.

Schoorl JW Jr, 1990. A phylogenetic study on Cossidae (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia) based on external adult morphology. Zoologische Verhandelingen, No. 263:295 pp.

Sevastopulo DG, 1945. A list of heterocera of Calcutta. J. Beng. Nat. Hist. Soc., 19:115.

Sharma JK; Mohanan C; Maria Florence EJ, 1985. Disease survey in nurseries and plantations of forest tree species grown in Kerala. KFRI Research Report, 36. Peechi, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute.

Swinhoe C, 1892. Catalogue of Eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the Oxford University Museum, Part I. Oxford, UK: Sphinges and Bombyces.

Talhouk AS, 1965. The effect of Dimecron on Zeuzera pyrina Lin. (Lepidoptera). Mitt. Schwetz. Ent. Ges., 35(3/4):251-254.

Tillyard RJ, 1926. The Insects of Australia & New Zealand. Australia: Augus & Roberston Ltd., 560 pp.

Toxopeus LJ, 1948. On the borer moths Zeuzera coffeae Nietn. and Z . roricyanea Wlk. (neuropunctata Gaede) (Lep., Cossidae, Zeuzerinae). Treubia, 19(2):167-175.

Viette PEL, 1951. Contribution a l'etude des Cossidae (2s note). Les generes et leur espece type. Lambillionea, 51(5-12):5-8, 37-57, 58-60, 68-72.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map