Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Erythricium salmonicolor
(pink disease)

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Datasheet

Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Erythricium salmonicolor
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pink disease
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •       Subphylum: Agaricomycotina
  •         Class: Agaricomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Erythricium salmonicolor (Berk. & Broome) Burds.

Preferred Common Name

  • pink disease

Other Scientific Names

  • Aleurodiscus javanicus Henn.
  • Botryobasidium salmonicolor (Berk. & Broome) Venkatar.
  • Corticium javanicum Zimm.
  • Corticium salmonicolor Berk. & Broome
  • Corticium zimmermanni Sacc. & Syd.
  • damping off
  • Necator decretus Massee
  • Pellicularia salmonicolor (Berk. & Broome) Dastur
  • Phanerochaete salmonicolor (Berk. & Br.) Jülich
  • Radulum javanicum (Henn.) Lloyd
  • Terana salmonicolor (Berk. & Broome) Kuntze

International Common Names

  • English: rubellosis
  • Spanish: enfermedad rosada; mal rosado del tallo; rubelosis de los agrios; rubelosis del cacao; rubelosis del cafe
  • French: maladie rose; rubellose des agrumes; rubellose du cacaoyer; rubellose du cafeier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: rosakrankheit
  • Papua New Guinea: sik pink

EPPO code

  • CORTSA (Erythricium salmonicolor)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Basidiomycota
  •             Subphylum: Agaricomycotina
  •                 Class: Agaricomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
  •                         Order: Polyporales
  •                             Family: Corticiaceae
  •                                 Genus: Erythricium
  •                                     Species: Erythricium salmonicolor

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BangladeshPresentBasak, 1993; EPPO, 2014
Brunei DarussalamPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
CambodiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ChinaRestricted distributionUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-HubeiPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-SichuanPresentLeng et al., 1982; EPPO, 2014
IndiaWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentChaturvedi et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014
-GoaPresentSeth et al., 1978; EPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresentKondal, 1986; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Indian PunjabPresentVerma, 1991; EPPO, 2014
-KarnatakaPresentNayar, 1987; EPPO, 2014
-KeralaPresentSankaran and Sharma, 1987; EPPO, 2014
-ManipurPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-MeghalayaPresentChakravarty, 1986; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentVerma and Munjal, 1983; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
IndonesiaWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-JavaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-KalimantanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Nusa TenggaraPresentEPPO, 2014
-SulawesiPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-SumatraPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
JapanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MalaysiaWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Peninsular MalaysiaWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-SabahWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-SarawakWidespreadUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MyanmarPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NepalPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PakistanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PhilippinesPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ThailandPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
VietnamPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Africa

CameroonPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
CongoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentBuyckx, 1962; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Côte d'IvoirePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
EthiopiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GabonPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GuineaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
KenyaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MadagascarPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MauritiusPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NigeriaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Sierra LeonePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TogoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ZimbabwePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

North America

MexicoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
USAWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-FloridaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-LouisianaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

BelizePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Costa RicaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
DominicaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Dominican RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
El SalvadorPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GrenadaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GuadeloupePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GuatemalaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
HaitiPresentAitken-Soux, 1985; EPPO, 2014
HondurasPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
MartiniquePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
NicaraguaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PanamaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Puerto RicoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Saint LuciaPresentLawrence et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014
Trinidad and TobagoPresentEPPO, 2014

South America

BrazilWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-BahiaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Espirito SantoPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-Minas GeraisPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-ParaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; Costa et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014
-Santa CatarinaPresentMelzer and Berton, 1988; EPPO, 2014
-Sao PauloPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaPresentVillarraga, 1987; EPPO, 2014
French GuianaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GuyanaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
PeruPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
SurinamePresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Europe

Russian FederationRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-Russia (Europe)PresentUK CAB International, 1996
-Southern RussiaPresentEPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaRestricted distributionUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
FijiPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
GuamPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
New CaledoniaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Papua New GuineaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
SamoaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
Solomon IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
TongaPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014
VanuatuPresentUK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / gummosis or resinosis
Stems / mould growth on lesion
Stems / mycelium present

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Chaetomium globosum Pathogen
Mortierella isabellina Pathogen
Mycelium radicis atrovirens Pathogen
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Aitken-Soux P, 1985. Some current diseases and pests of coffee. Feuille d'Extension, No. 59:5 pp.

Almeida LCC de; Luz EDMN, 1986. Action of wind in disseminating pink disease of cocoa. Revista Theobroma, 16(3):133-140

Anon, 1985. Crop Protection. Annual Report 1984, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, 27-28.

Anon., 1987. Crop Protection. Annual Report 1986, Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia, 33.

Basak AC, 1993. Pink disease on Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Forest Science, 22(1/2):68-70; 8 ref.

Brown JF; Friend D, 1973. Diseases of cocoa in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. South Pacific Commission Technical Paper 166.

Burdsall HH, 1985. A contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Phanerochaete. Mycologia Memoir 10.

Buyckx EJE, 1962. PrTcis des maladies et des insectes nuisibles recontrTs sur les plantes cultivTes au Congo, au Rwanda et au Burundi. Brussels, Belgium: Institut National pour l'Etude Agronomique du Congo (INEAC).

Chakravarty P, 1986. Studies in forest pathology. IV. Potentially dangerous canker disease caused by Corticium salmonicolor and Fusarium solani.. Indian Botanical Reporter, 5(1):87-88.

Chaturvedi AN; Sivaji P; Prasad DVJ, 1989. Eucalyptus provenance trials in Andhra Pradesh. Indian Forester, 115(7):445-454.

Chee KH; Chiu SB, 1999. Notes on rubber pink disease control using sulphur slurry. Planter, 75(874):21-23; 4 ref.

Costa RCda; Verzignassi JR; Poltronieri LS; Benchimol RL; Carvalho Ede A, 2012. Rubelose in Rheedia acuminata plants in Pará: first report. (Rubelose em plantas de bacurizinho no Pará: primeiro relato.) Summa Phytopathologica, 38(3):255. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-54052012000300017&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Davide RG; Dela Rosa AG, 1979. Effects of Tylenchulus semipenetrans Cobb and other pathogens on citrus in the Philippines. Philippine Phytopathology, 15(1):9-22

Deo AD; Nair JM; Nair TJC; Dinesh K; Ramaswamy V; Sharma JK; Nair CTS; Kedharnath S; Kondas S, 1986. Provenance trials of Eucalyptus grandis in Kerala. In: Sharma JK, Nair CTS, Kedharnath S, eds. Eucalyptus in India, past, present and future. Proceedings of the national seminar held at Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, India, January 1984, 285-289.

Donk MA, 1962. Notes on resupinate hymenomycetes VI. Persoonia, 2:217-238.

Duong NH; Hung LN; Dung PT, 1998. Pink disease of rubber trees and validamycin A in the control of Corticium salmonicolor. In: Symposium on natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis): Vol. 2 - physiology & exploitation and crop protection & planting methods sessions, Ho Chi Minh City, China, 14-15 October 1997. Brickendonbury, UK: International Rubber Research and Development Board (IRRDB), 101-114.

Edathil TT; Jacob CK, 1983. Control of pink disease of Hevea using tridemorph in ammoniated latex. Pesticides, 17(12):25-26

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Eusebio MA; Quimo MJ Jr; Ilagan FP, 1979. Canker of Moluccan sau (Albizia falcataria) in Bislig. Sylvatrop, 4:191-214.

Hadi S; Nuhamara ST; Santoso E; Nair KSS, 1996. Disease problems associated with the large scale establishment of timber estates in Indonesia. In: Sharma JK, Varma RV, eds. Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993. Peechi, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI), 105-110.

Hill DS; Waller JM, 1988. Pests and diseases of tropical crops. Volume 2. Field handbook. Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman Group UK Limited, vi + 432 pp.

Holliday P, 1980. Fungus diseases of tropical crops. Fungus diseases of tropical crops. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Jacob CK; Idicula SP, 1999. Effect of fungicide spraying on pink disease incidence in Hevea brasiliensis. Indian Journal of Natural Rubber Research, 10:48-52 (1997).

Kondal MR, 1986. Pink canker of apple. Indian Horticulture, 31(3):20

Kueh TK, 1986. Cocoa diseases. Annual Report of the Research Branch, Department of Agriculture, Sarawak, for the year 1984 Kuching, Sarawak; Minist. Agric. Community Development, 83-85

Lawrence JS; Campelo AMFL; Figueiredo JMde, 1991. Diseases of cocoa. II - Fungal diseases which occur on leaves, branches and trunk. Agrotropica, 3(1):1-14

Leng H; Liu D; Cai R; Liu X; Jiang C, 1982. On the pink disease of apple. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 12(1):39-44

Luz EDMN, 1983. Dormant cankers: source of inoculum of Corticium salmonicolor on cocoa. Revista Theobroma, 13(4):377-380

Luz EDMN, 1983. Morphological and pathological comparison of Corticium salmonicolor Berk & Br. isolates from cocoa in Bahia, Brazil. Revista Theobroma, 13(3):165-173

Luz EDMN; Campelo AMFL; Miranda RACde, 1985. Rainfall as dispersing agent of the pink disease of cacao. Revista Theobroma, 15(4):159-165

Luz EDMN; Figueiredo JMde, 1982. Sensitivity of Corticium salmonicolor to fungicides in vitro. Revista Theobroma, 12(4):249-255

Melzer RR; Berton O, 1988. Survey of wood attacking fungi in apple orchards of Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Acta Horticulturae, No. 232:219-222

Mordue JEM; Gibson IAS, 1976. Corticium salmonicolor. CMI Descriptions of pathogenic fungi and bacteria, No. 511. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Nayar R, 1987. Die back in Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. Myforest, 23(2):89-93

Ram A; Bastos STG; Figueiredo JMde, 1982. Chemical control of Corticium salmonicolor (Berk.) & Br., causal agent of pink disease of cocoa. Revista Theobroma, 12(4):241-247

Sankaran KV; Sharma JK, 1987. Three new hosts of pink disease caused by Corticium salmonicolor in Kerala. Indian Journal of Forestry, 10(3):198-199

Schneider-Christians J; Fliege F; Schlosser E, 1986. On the release, survival and importance of basidiospores of Corticium salmonicolor, the pathogen causing pink disease. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 93(4):397-403

Schneider-Christians J; Fliege FH; Schlosser E; Tamani R, 1983. Pink disease of cocoa caused by Corticium salmonicolor Berk. and Br. in Western Samoa. Survey on the occurrence of the disease. Alafua Agricultural Bulletin, 8(3):9-19

Seth SK; Bakshi BK; Reddy MAR; Sujan Singh, 1978. Pink disease of Eucalyptus in India. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 8(4):200-216

Shamsuri MH; Omar M; Napi D, 1997. Studies on epidemiology of pink disease and the effect of temperature on mycelial growth of Corticium salmonicolor of Hevea rubber. Journal of Natural Rubber Research, 12(1):58-66; 16 ref.

Sharma JK; Florence EJM; Sankaran KV; Mohanan C, 1988. Differential phytotoxic response of cut shoots of eucalypts to culture filtrates of pink disease fungus, Corticium salmonicolor. Forest Ecology and Management, 24(2):97-111

Subramaniam SV; Ramaswamy V, 1987. Histopathological observations on pink disease of Eucalyptus. Current Science, India, 56(20):1042-1044

Thankamma L; Nair JM; Deo AD; Dinesh Kumar, 1986. Prophylactic brush on application of Emulsicop for pink disease management in Eucalyptus. Indian Forester, 112(11):1016-1018

UK CAB International, 1996. Corticium salmonicolor. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, December (Edition 5):Map 122.

Verma KS, 1991. Factors affecting development of pink canker disease of apple. Plant Disease Research, 6(2):40-45

Verma KS; Munjal RL, 1983. Histopathology of Corticium salmonicolor on apple tree. Indian Phytopathology, 36(4):751-752

Villarraga A LA, 1987. Dosage and frequency of application of granulated systemic fungicides to control coffee rust (Hemileia vastatrix B. et Br.) in Colombia. ASCOLFI Informa, 13(6):49-50

Wastie RL, 1976. Control of pink disease of Hevea rubber. Pesticides, 10(2):55-56

Distribution Maps

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