Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Colletotrichum orbiculare
(anthracnose of cucurbits)

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Datasheet

Colletotrichum orbiculare (anthracnose of cucurbits)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 05 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Colletotrichum orbiculare
  • Preferred Common Name
  • anthracnose of cucurbits
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Colletotrichum orbiculare (Berk. & Mont.) Arx

Preferred Common Name

  • anthracnose of cucurbits

Other Scientific Names

  • Colletotrichum lagenarium (Pass.) Ellis & Halst.
  • Glomerella lagenarium F. Stevens

International Common Names

  • Spanish: antracnosis de las cucurbitaceas; niebla del melon; niebla del pepino
  • French: anthracnose des cucurbitacées; nuile des cucurbitacees; nuile rouge des cucurbitacees

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Anthraknose: Gurkengewaechse; Brennfleckenkrankheit: Gurkengewaechse

EPPO code

  • COLLLA (Glomerella lagenarium)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Sordariomycetidae
  •                         Family: Glomerellaceae
  •                             Genus: Colletotrichum
  •                                 Species: Colletotrichum orbiculare

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EthiopiaPresentSutton (1980)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
LibyaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
MauritiusPresentSutton (1980)
NigeriaPresentSutton (1980)
South AfricaPresentSutton (1980); CABI (Undated)
TanzaniaPresentSutton (1980)
UgandaPresentSutton (1980)
ZambiaPresentSutton (1980)
ZimbabwePresentSutton (1980)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
BhutanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
BruneiPresentSutton (1980)
CambodiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
ChinaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-FujianPresentYu WenYing et al. (2009)
Hong KongPresentSutton (1980)
IndiaPresentSutton (1980)
-AssamPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-Himachal PradeshPresentGupta et al. (2009)
-KarnatakaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MaharashtraPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-PunjabPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
JordanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentSutton (1980)
-SabahPresentSutton (1980)
-SarawakPresentSutton (1980)
MyanmarPresentSutton (1980)
NepalPresentSutton (1980)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
South KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
VietnamPresentUK, CAB International (1986)

Europe

AustriaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
BulgariaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
CzechoslovakiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentCABI (Undated b)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1986)
GermanyPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1986)
HungaryPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
NetherlandsPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
NorwayPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
PolandPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
PortugalPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AzoresPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
RomaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
SpainPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
SwitzerlandPresentMichel (2005)

North America

BermudaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-ManitobaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-New BrunswickPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-Nova ScotiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-OntarioPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-Prince Edward IslandPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-QuebecPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Costa RicaPresentHerb IMI (Undated)
CubaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
DominicaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
El SalvadorPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
GuadeloupePresentUK, CAB International (1986)
GuatemalaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
HaitiPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
HondurasPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
JamaicaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
MartiniquePresentUK, CAB International (1986)
MexicoPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
NicaraguaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
PanamaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Puerto RicoPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated b)
-AlabamaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ColoradoPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-ConnecticutPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-FloridaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-HawaiiPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-IllinoisPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-IndianaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-IowaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-KansasPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-LouisianaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-MarylandPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-MinnesotaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-MississippiPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-NebraskaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-North CarolinaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-North DakotaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-OklahomaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-PennsylvaniaPresentFarr et al. (1989)
-South CarolinaPresentFarr et al. (1989); Keinath (2015)
-TexasPresentFarr et al. (1989)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBrooks (2002)
AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New South WalesPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-Northern TerritoryPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-South AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
French PolynesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
New ZealandPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
SamoaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)

South America

ArgentinaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: IMI Herbarium, 1995
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Rio Grande do SulPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
-Sao PauloPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
French GuianaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
GuyanaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)
VenezuelaPresentUK, CAB International (1986)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / extensive mould
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / lesions: scab or pitting
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / mould growth on lesion

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Wood

References

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Amin KS, Ullasa BA, 1981. Effect of thiophanate on epidemic development of anthracnose and yield of watermelon. Phytopathology, 71(1):20-22

Bailey JA, Nash C, Morgan LW, O'Connell RJ, TeBeest DO, 1996. Molecular taxonomy of Colletotrichum species causing anthracnose on the Malvaceae. Phytopathology, 86(10):1076-1083; 31 ref

Bailey JA, O'Connell RJ, Pring RJ, Nash C, 1992. Infection strategies of Colletotrichum species. Colletotrichum: biology, pathology and control., 88-120; 7 pp. of ref

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program

Damm U, Cannon PF, Liu Fang, Barreto RW, Guatimosim E, Crous PW, 2013. The Colletotrichum orbiculare species complex: important pathogens of field crops and weeds. Fungal Diversity, 61(1):29-59. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13225-013-0255-4

Farr DF, Bills GF, Chamuris GP, Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp

Farr DF, Bills GF, Chamuris GP, Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp

Gupta SK, Kumud Jarial, Shakun Rana, 2009. Occurrence of bottle gourd anthracnose in Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Plant Disease Sciences, 4(2):225-226

Huang Q, Kuc J, 1995. Cutin, cutinase and esterase as related to the induced systemic resistance of cucumber against Colletotrichum lagenarium. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 46(3):215-226

IMI Herbarium, undated. Herbarium specimen. International Mycological Institute (now CABI Bioscience) Herbarium. Egham, UK: CABI Bioscience

Keinath AP, 2015. Identification of races of Colletotrichum orbiculare on muskmelon in South Carolina. Plant Health Progress, No.May:PHP-BR-15-0004. https://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/sub/php/volume16/number2/PHP-BR-15-0004.pdf

Koike ST, Tidwell TE, Fogle DG, Patterson CL, 1991. Anthracnose of greenhouse-grown watermelon transplants caused by Colletotrichum orbiculare in California. Plant Disease, 75(6):644

Love SL, Rhodes BB, 1988. Single gene control of anthracnose resistance in Citrullus? Report, Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative, USA, No. 11:64-67

Madaan RL, Grover RK, 1979. Chemical control of Colletotrichum lagenarium causing anthracnose and scab of bottle gourd. Indian Phytopathology, 32(2):210-215

Madia M, Gaetßn S, 1993. Anthracnose on fruit of a new squash cultivar (Cucurbita spp.) developed in Argentina. Boleti^acute~n de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 19(4):707-710; 5 ref

Maheshwari SK, Gupta PC, 1992. Chemical control of anthracnose of bottle gourd. Agricultural Science Digest (Karnal), 12(3):163-164

McRp CF, Stevens GR, 1990. Role of conidial matrix of Colletotrichum orbiculare in pathogenesis of Xanthium spinosum. Mycological Research, 94(7):890-896

Michel VV, 2005. First report of anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum orbiculare f. sp. from A. officinalis of marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) in Switzerland. Plant Disease, 89(6):687. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Oostendorp Mvon, Kessmann H, Friedrich L, Geissmann A, G÷rlach J, Hengy G, Nordmeyer D, Reist R, Ruess W, Staub T, 1996. Influence of plant activator Bion and of triazole-fungicides on plant defence mechanisms. Gesunde Pflanzen, 48(7):260-264; 18 ref

Park SoDeuk, Kwon TaeYong, Lim YangSook, Jung KiChae, Choi BooSull, 1996. Disease survey in melon, watermelon, and cucumber with different successive cropping periods under vinylhouse conditions. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 12(4):428-431; 11 ref

Peregrine WTH, Ahmad Kbin, 1983. Chemical and cultural control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lagenarium) in watermelon. Tropical Pest Management, 29(1):42-46

Rego AM, Maffia LA, Alfenas AC, 1995. Reaction of germplasm of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and melon (Cucumis melo) to Colletotrichum orbiculare. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 20(1):48-55; 26 ref

Senyurek M, Zavrak Y, Olcum SK, 1977. Investigations on the bio-ecology and control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lagenarium (Pass) Ell. et Halst.) of melons and watermelons in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Bitki Koruma Bulteni, 17(2/4):151-165

Sherriff C, Whelan MJ, Arnold GM, Lafay JF, Brygoo Y, Bailey JA, 1994. Ribosomal DNA sequence analysis reveals new species groupings in the genus Colletotrichum. Experimental Mycology, 18(2):121-138

Sutton BC, 1980. The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Sutton BC, 1992. The genus Glomerella and its anamorph Colletotrichum. In: Bailey JA, Jeger MJ, eds. Colletotrichum: Biology, Pathology and Control. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 1-26

Templeton GE, 1992. Use of Colletotrichum strains as mycoherbicides. In: Bailey JA, Jeger MJ, eds. Colletotrichum: biology, pathology and control. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 358-380

UK, CAB International, 1986. Colletotrichum lagenarium. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases , (March (Edition 4)) Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Map 313.

Wu SQ, 1994. Integrated management of cucumber diseases in greenhouse. Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology, No. 2, 24

Yu WenYing, Zhang ShaoSheng, Du XueRu, Zhang XiuFang, 2009. Identification and investigation on occurrence regularity of the cucumber diseases in greenhouse of Fujian. Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition), 38(2):119-123

Distribution References

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. In: Land Grant Technical Report No. 44, Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Farr DF, Bills GF, Chamuris GP, Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States., St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press.

Gupta S K, Kumud Jarial, Shakun Rana, 2009. Occurrence of bottle gourd anthracnose in Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Plant Disease Sciences. 4 (2), 225-226.

Herb IMI, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Herb IMI Database., Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.herbimi.info/herbimi/home.htm

Keinath A P, 2015. Identification of races of Colletotrichum orbiculare on muskmelon in South Carolina. Plant Health Progress. PHP-BR-15-0004. https://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/sub/php/volume16/number2/PHP-BR-15-0004.pdf

Michel V V, 2005. First report of anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum orbiculare f. sp. from A. officinalis of marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) in Switzerland. Plant Disease. 89 (6), 687. HTTP://www.apsnet.org DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0687C

Sutton B C, 1980. The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. Kew, UK: Commonwealth Mycological Institute. 696 pp.

UK, CAB International, 1986. Colletotrichum lagenarium. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 313.

Yu WenYing, Zhang ShaoSheng, Du XueRu, Zhang XiuFang, 2009. Identification and investigation on occurrence regularity of the cucumber diseases in greenhouse of Fujian. Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition). 38 (2), 119-123.

Distribution Maps

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