Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Coffea canephora
(robusta coffee)

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Datasheet

Coffea canephora (robusta coffee)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Coffea canephora
  • Preferred Common Name
  • robusta coffee
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Miscellaneous drugs, stimulants and social uses
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. canephora: flowering Robusta coffee branch, Uganda.
TitleFlowering branch
CaptionC. canephora: flowering Robusta coffee branch, Uganda.
Copyright©David J. Greathead/CABI
C. canephora: flowering Robusta coffee branch, Uganda.
Flowering branchC. canephora: flowering Robusta coffee branch, Uganda.©David J. Greathead/CABI
C. canephora branch with leaves, flowers and fruits.  Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing
CaptionC. canephora branch with leaves, flowers and fruits. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
C. canephora branch with leaves, flowers and fruits.  Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawingC. canephora branch with leaves, flowers and fruits. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. ©PROSEA Foundation
Flowering Robusta coffee bushes, Uganda.
TitleFlowering branch
CaptionFlowering Robusta coffee bushes, Uganda.
Copyright©David J. Greathead/CABI
Flowering Robusta coffee bushes, Uganda.
Flowering branchFlowering Robusta coffee bushes, Uganda.©David J. Greathead/CABI

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Coffea canephora Pierre ex. A. Froehner

Preferred Common Name

  • robusta coffee

Other Scientific Names

  • Coffea bukobensis A. Zimm
  • Coffea canephora var. kouilouensis Pierre ex. De Wild
  • Coffea canephora var. robusta
  • Coffea canephora var. sankruruensis De Wild.
  • Coffea robusta L. Linden

International Common Names

  • English: coffee (robusta); Congo coffee tree; robusta coffee tree
  • Spanish: cafeto robusto
  • Portuguese: café-robusta

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Robusta- Kaffeestrauch; Robustakaffeebaum

EPPO code

  • COFCA (Coffea canephora)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Gentianales
  •                         Family: Rubiaceae
  •                             Genus: Coffea
  •                                 Species: Coffea canephora

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bixadus sierricola (West African coffee borer); Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight); Coccus celatus (coffee green scale); Coffee ringspot virus (coffee ringspot); Colletotrichum kahawae (coffee berry disease); Gibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt); Hemileia vastatrix (coffee leaf rust); Hypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer); Leucoptera coma (coffee leaf miner); Meloidogyne coffeicola (coffee root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne decalineata (African coffee root-knot nematode); Mycosphaerella coffeicola (brown eye spot of coffee); Planococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug); Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer); Xylosandrus discolor; Xylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)

Minor host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aleurodicus pulvinatus (coconut whitefly); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Colletotrichum boninense; Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Marasmiellus scandens (white thread blight); Meloidogyne daklakensis; Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Planococcoides njalensis (west African cocoa mealybug); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Xylotrechus quadripes (coffee stem borer)

Associated with (not a host):

Glyptotermes dilatatus (live-wood tea termite (Sri Lanka)); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug)

Host of (source - data mining):

Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)

Uses List

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Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Miscellaneous drugs, stimulants and social uses

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore