Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Coccus viridis
(soft green scale)

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Datasheet

Coccus viridis (soft green scale)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Coccus viridis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • soft green scale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. viridis, sooty mould due to scale infestation.
TitleScale infestation
CaptionC. viridis, sooty mould due to scale infestation.
Copyright©S.D. Sawant
C. viridis, sooty mould due to scale infestation.
Scale infestationC. viridis, sooty mould due to scale infestation.©S.D. Sawant
C. viridis infected by entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii on citrus.|Coccus viridis infected by V. lecanii on citrus.
TitleCoccus viridis infected by V. lecanii|Natural enemy
CaptionC. viridis infected by entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii on citrus.|Coccus viridis infected by V. lecanii on citrus.
Copyright©S.D. Sawant
C. viridis infected by entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii on citrus.|Coccus viridis infected by V. lecanii on citrus.
Coccus viridis infected by V. lecanii|Natural enemyC. viridis infected by entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii on citrus.|Coccus viridis infected by V. lecanii on citrus.©S.D. Sawant

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Coccus viridis (Green)

Preferred Common Name

  • soft green scale

Other Scientific Names

  • Eulecanium viridis
  • Lecanium viride
  • Lecanium viridis

International Common Names

  • English: coffee, scale, green; green coffee scale; green scale; green shield scale; soft scale, green
  • Spanish: cochinilla verde del caffe; escama verde; escama verde blanda; escama verde de los cítricos; escama verde del cafeto; escamas del cafe
  • French: cochenille verte du cafeier; cochenille verte du caféier
  • Portuguese: cochonilha verde; escama verde

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Schildlaus, Gruene Kaffee-
  • Netherlands: Dopluis, groene; Koffieluis, groene

EPPO code

  • COCCVI (Coccus viridis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Coccoidea
  •                                 Family: Coccidae
  •                                     Genus: Coccus
  •                                         Species: Coccus viridis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresentEPPO (2020)
BeninPresentEPPO (2020)
Burkina FasoPresentEPPO (2020)
Cabo VerdePresentEPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentEPPO (2020)
ComorosPresentEPPO (2020)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresentEPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GhanaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentEPPO (2020)
MadagascarPresentEPPO (2020)
MaliPresentEPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentEPPO (2020)
NigerPresentEPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentEPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentEPPO (2020)
São Tomé and PríncipePresentEPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentEPPO (2020)
SeychellesPresentEPPO (2020)
Sierra LeonePresentEPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentEPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentBohlen (1973); EPPO (2020)
TogoPresentEPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentEPPO (2020)

Asia

BangladeshPresentEPPO (2020)
BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993)
CambodiaAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentEPPO (2020)
Hong KongPresentEPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-AssamPresentEPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentEPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentReddy and Ruchi Sharma (2015)
-KarnatakaPresentEPPO (2020)
-KeralaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentEPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
IndonesiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Irian JayaPresentEPPO (2020)
-JavaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SumatraPresentEPPO (2020)
LaosAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Waterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentEPPO (2020)
-SarawakPresentEPPO (2020)
MyanmarPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentEPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentEPPO (2020)
SingaporePresentWaterhouse (1993)
Sri LankaPresentEPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentEPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
VietnamPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)

Europe

PortugalPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-AzoresPresentEPPO (2020)
-MadeiraPresentEPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentMalumphy and Treseder (2012)

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentEPPO (2020)
BahamasPresentEPPO (2020)
BarbadosPresentEPPO (2020)
BermudaPresentEPPO (2020)
British Virgin IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
Cayman IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresentCABI (Undated)
CubaPresentEPPO (2020)
DominicaPresentEPPO (2020)
Dominican RepublicPresentEPPO (2020)
El SalvadorPresentEPPO (2020)
GrenadaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
GuadeloupePresentEPPO (2020)
GuatemalaPresentEPPO (2020)
HaitiPresentEPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresentEPPO (2020)
MartiniquePresentEPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentEPPO (2020); Arriola Padilla et al. (2016)
MontserratPresentEPPO (2020)
NicaraguaPresentEPPO (2020)
PanamaPresentEPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresentEPPO (2020)
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentEPPO (2020)
Saint LuciaPresentEPPO (2020)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentEPPO (2020)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentEPPO (2020)
U.S. Virgin IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentEPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentEPPO (2020)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentEPPO (2020)
AustraliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
FijiPresentEPPO (2020)
French PolynesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuamPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
KiribatiPresentEPPO (2020)
NauruPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
New CaledoniaPresentEPPO (2020)
NiuePresentAPPPC (1987)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
PalauPresentEPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
SamoaPresentEPPO (2020)
TongaPresentEPPO (2020)
VanuatuPresentAPPPC (1987)

South America

BoliviaPresentEPPO (2020)
BrazilPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-BahiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Espirito SantoPresentCulik et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
-Minas GeraisPresentEPPO (2020)
-ParaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentEPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do NortePresentEPPO (2020)
-Santa CatarinaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Sao PauloPresentEPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresentEPPO (2020)
French GuianaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuyanaPresentEPPO (2020)
PeruPresentEPPO (2020)
SurinamePresentEPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Stems / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anicetus annulatus Parasite India; Karnataka; India; Tamil Nadu coffee; Vallaris solanacea
Aschersonia aleyrodes Pathogen Nymphs
Aschersonia placenta Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Azya luteipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Azya orbigera Predator Adults/Nymphs
Camponotus rufipes Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cerapteroceroides similis Parasite
Chilocorus cacti Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chilocorus melanophthalmus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chilocorus nigrita Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chilocorus politus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Coccophagus bogoriensis Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Coccophagus caridei Parasite Adults/Nymphs Puerto Rico
Coccophagus ceroplastae Parasite Adults/Nymphs India; Karnataka Manilkara zapota; Vallaris solanacea
Coccophagus cowperi Parasite Adults/Nymphs India; Karnataka Manilkara zapota; Vallaris solanacea
Coccophagus fallax Parasite Adults/Nymphs Puerto Rico
Coelophora atrolineata Predator Adults/Nymphs Hawaii
Coelophora quadrivittata Predator Adults/Nymphs
Creobota proleucella Predator Adults/Nymphs
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Predator Adults/Nymphs Australia; Queensland; India; Tamil Nadu Citrus; Plumeria rubra
Decadiomus hughesi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Diversinervus stramineus Parasite
Dorymyrmex insanus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Encyrtus lecaniorum Parasite India; Karnataka coffee
Entomophthora lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Eublemma costimacula Predator Adults/Nymphs
Eublemma vacillans Predator Adults/Nymphs
Exochomus quadripustulatus Predator Adults/Nymphs Cape Verde Citrus
Halmus chalybeus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Hypocrella javanica Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Hypocrella raciborskii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Hypocrella reieckiana Pathogen Adults/Nymphs
Jauravia pallidula Predator Adults/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Nymphs India
Marietta leopardina Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Metaphycus baruensis Parasite Papua New Guinea coffee
Metaphycus helvolus Parasite India; Karnataka coffee
Metaphycus lichtensiae Parasite India; Karnataka Nerium oleander
Metaphycus luteolus Parasite Hawaii
Metaphycus maculatus Parasite India; Karnataka Citrus; Nerium oleander
Metaphycus stanleyi Parasite
Microterys flavus Parasite India; Karnataka coffee
Miletus boisduvali Predator Adults/Nymphs
Praleurocerus viridis Parasite
Pseudoazya luteipes Predator Adults/Nymphs Hawaii
Rhyzobius forestieri Predator Adults/Nymphs Cape Verde Citrus

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arriola Padilla VJ; Estrada Martínez E; Romero Nápoles J; González Hernández H; Pérez Miranda R, 2016. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) on ornamental plants in greenhouses from the central zone of the Morelos state, Mexico. (Insectos escama (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) en plantas ornamentales en viveros de la zona centro del estado de Morelos, México.) Interciencia, 41(8):552-560. http://www.interciencia.org/v41_08/indexe.html

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey.

Culik MP; Ventura JA; Martins Ddos S, 2009. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccidae) of pineapple in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Sixth International Pineapple Symposium, Joao Pessoa, Brazil, 18-23 November 2007.], No.822:215-218. http://www.actahort.org

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Kohler G, 1976. Contribution to knowledge of the male of the green coffee coccid, Coccus viridis (Green) (Hemiptera: Coccinea - Coccidae). (Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Mannchens der Grunen Kaffeeschildlaus, Coccus viridis (Green) (Hemiptera: Coccinea - Coccidae).) Beitrage zur Entomologie, 26(2):471-477.

Malumphy C; Treseder K, 2012. Green coffee scale Coccus viridis (Hemiptera: Coccidae), new to Britain. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 25(4):217-223. http://www.benhs.org.uk

Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estado (Costa Rica), 2009. Listado de Plagas (insectos y ácaros) en cultivos de importancia económica en Costa Rica (C). http://www.protecnet.go.cr/laboratorios/plagcul/cultivoc.htm

Reddy SGE; Ruchi Sharma, 2015. First report of scale insects as pests of Kangra tea in Himachal Pradesh, India. Current Biotica, 9(3):289-292. http://www.currentbiotica.com/CB/Journals9-Issue-III/CB-9-3-Short-notes-4.pdf

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arriola Padilla V J, Estrada Martínez E, Romero Nápoles J, González Hernández H, Pérez Miranda R, 2016. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) on ornamental plants in greenhouses from the central zone of the Morelos state, Mexico. (Insectos escama (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) en plantas ornamentales en viveros de la zona centro del estado de Morelos, México.). Interciencia. 41 (8), 552-560. http://www.interciencia.org/v41_08/indexe.html

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. In: Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. 142pp.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Culik M P, Ventura J A, Martins D dos S, 2009. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccidae) of pineapple in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Acta Horticulturae. 215-218. http://www.actahort.org

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Malumphy C, Treseder K, 2012. Green coffee scale Coccus viridis (Hemiptera: Coccidae), new to Britain. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History. 25 (4), 217-223. http://www.benhs.org.uk

Reddy S G E, Ruchi Sharma, 2015. First report of scale insects as pests of Kangra tea in Himachal Pradesh, India. Current Biotica. 9 (3), 289-292. http://www.currentbiotica.com/CB/Journals9-Issue-III/CB-9-3-Short-notes-4.pdf

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Distribution Maps

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