Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Coccus celatus
(coffee green scale)

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Datasheet

Coccus celatus (coffee green scale)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Coccus celatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • coffee green scale
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Coccus celatus De Lotto, 1960

Preferred Common Name

  • coffee green scale

Other Scientific Names

  • Coccus consimilis De Lotto, 1960

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Coccoidea
  •                                 Family: Coccidae
  •                                     Genus: Coccus
  •                                         Species: Coccus celatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
KenyaPresentOriginal citation: Lotto De (1969)
SomaliaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

BruneiPresent
IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Irian JayaPresentIntroduced
-JavaPresentIntroduced
-SulawesiPresentIntroduced
-SumatraPresentIntroduced
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIntroduced
-SabahPresentIntroduced
-SarawakPresentIntroduced
PhilippinesPresentIntroduced
ThailandPresentIntroduced
VietnamPresentIntroduced

Oceania

Christmas IslandPresentIntroduced
Papua New GuineaPresent

South America

BrazilPresent
-Espirito SantoPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial ManagedCultivated / agricultural land Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / premature drop
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anisochrysa Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Aprostocetus Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cheiloneurus Hyperparasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cheiloneurus cyanonotus Hyperparasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Chilocorus angolensis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Chilocorus nigripes Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Coccophagus argocoxa Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Coccophagus nubes Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Coccophagus rusti Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Cryptolaemus affinis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Diversinervus stramineus Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Eublemma scitula Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Exochomus flavipes Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Exochomus ventralis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Harmonia Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Hyperaspis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Mahencyrtus Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Mallada boninensis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Marietta leopardina Hyperparasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Metaphycus Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Metaphycus baruensis Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Metaphycus stanleyi Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Micraspis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Orcus Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Promuscidea Hyperparasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Rhyzobius Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Scymnodes longicornis Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Serangium Predator Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs
Trichomasthus Parasite Adults; Eggs; Arthropods|Nymphs

References

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Apety J, 1994. Imidan insecticide 500 for greenscale control in coffee. Newsletter - Coffee Research Institute, No. 1:7-8.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Buckley RC; Gullan PJ, 1991. More aggressive ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) provide better protection for soft scales and mealybugs (Homoptera: Coccidae, Pseudococcidae). Biotropica, 23:282-286.

CIE, 1991. Coccus celatus. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests. Map No. 525, No. 525. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 2 pp.

Couturier G; Matile-Ferrero D; Richard C, 1985. Sur les cochenilles de la région de Taï (Côte d'Ivoire) recensées dans les cultures et en forêt dense (Homoptera Coccoidea). Revue Francais d'Entomologie, 7:273-286.

Danzig EM; Konstantinova GM, 1990. On coccid (Homoptera, Coccinea) fauna of Vietnam. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, 209:38-52.

De Lotto G, 1960. The green scales of coffee in Africa south of the Sahara (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 51:389-403.

Fornazier, M. J., Martins, D. S., Willink, M. C. G. de, Pirovani, V. D., Ferreira, P. S. F., Zanuncio, J. C., 2017. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) associated with arabica coffee and geographical distribution in the neotropical region. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 89(4), 3083-3092. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765201720160689

Granara de Willink MC; Pirovani VD; Ferreira PSF, 2010. Coccus species affecting Coffea arabica in Brazil (Coccoideae: Coccidae) and the redescription of two species. (Las especies de Coccus que afectan Coffea arabica en Brasil (Coccoidea: Coccidae) y redescripcion de dos especies.) Neotropical Entomology, 39(3):391-399. http://www.scielo.br/ne

Hodgson CJ, 1969. Arnoldia (Rhodesia) Vol. 4. 1-42.

Lit LL, 1997. First report of the family Lecanodiaspididae and other records and notes on Philippine scale insects (Coccidea, Hemiptera). Philippine Entomologist, 11:87-95.

Lotto GDe, 1969. On a few old and new soft scales and mealybugs (Homoptera: Coccoidea). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 32(2):413-422.

Masamdu R, 1989. Factors influencing the effectiveness Metaphycus baruensis Noyes (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in parasitising Coccus spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) on coffee in Papua New Guinea. PNG Coffee, 8(2):89-91.

Matile-Ferrero D; Nonveiller G, 1984. Coccoidea. In: Catalogue commenté et illustré des insectes du Cameroun d'intérêt agricole (apparitions, réparition, importance). Memoires [ed. by Nonveiller, G.]. Belgrade, Serbia: Institut pour la Protection des Plantes.

Murphy ST, 1985. Final report on a visit to Papua New Guinea to assess the status of green scale on coffee and to make recommendations for the introduction and release of natural enemies. Nairobi, Kenya: Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Kenya Station, 6 pp.

Murphy ST, 1991. Insect natural enemies of coffee green scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Kenya and their potential for biological control of Coccus celatus and C. viridis in Papua New Guinea. Entomophaga, 36(4):519-529.

Murphy ST, 1997. Coffee. In: Soft Scale Insects - their biology, natural enemies and control. World Crop Pests, 7B [ed. by Ben-Dov, Y. \Hodgson, C. J.]. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, 367-379.

Murphy ST; Brook A; Shaw R; Shaw W, 2011. Sustainable management of coffee green scales in Papua New Guinea. Final report for ACIAR. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR, 81 pp.

Williams DJ, 1982. The distribution and synonymy of Coccus celatus De Lotto (Hemiptera: Coccidae) and its importance on coffee in Papua New Guinea. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 72(1):107-109.

Williams DJ; Watson GW, 1990. The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Part 3: the soft scales (Coccidae) and other families. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 267 pp.

Woods B; Steiner E, 2012. Christmas Island fruit fly and scale survey., Australia: Government of Western Australia, Department of Agriculture and Food, 22 pp.

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Couturier G, Matile-Ferrero D, Richard C, 1985. On the scale insects of the Taï region (Ivory Coast), collected in crops and dense forest, (Homoptera, Coccoidea). (Sur les cochenilles de la région de Taï (Côte d'Ivoire), recensées dans les cultures et en forêt dense, (Homoptera, Coccoidea).). Revue Française d'Entomologie. 7 (5), 273-286.

Danzig EM, Konstantinova GM, 1990. On coccid (Homoptera, Coccinea) fauna of Vietnam. In: Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 209 Leningrad, 38-52.

De Lotto G, 1960. The green scales of coffee in Africa south of the Sahara (Homoptera, Cocoidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research. 51 (pt. 2), 389-403 pp. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300058041

Fornazier M J, Martins D S, Willink M C G de, Pirovani V D, Ferreira P S F, Zanuncio J C, 2017. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) associated with arabica coffee and geographical distribution in the neotropical region. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. 89 (4), 3083-3092. DOI:10.1590/0001-3765201720160689

Granara de Willink M C, Pirovani V D, Ferreira P S F, 2010. Coccus species affecting Coffea arabica in Brazil (Coccoideae: Coccidae) and the redescription of two species. (Las especies de Coccus que afectan Coffea arabica en Brasil (Coccoidea: Coccidae) y redescripcion de dos especies.). Neotropical Entomology. 39 (3), 391-399. http://www.scielo.br/ne DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2010000300013

Hodgson CJ, 1969. Arnoldia (Rhodesia)., 4 1-42.

Lit I L, Jr, 1997. First report of the Family Lecanodiaspididae and other new records and notes on Philippine scale insects (Coccoidea, Hemiptera). Philippine Entomologist. 11 (2), 87-95. http://scinet.dost.gov.ph/union/ShowSearchResult.php?s=2&f=&p=&x=&page=&sid=1&id=First+report+of+the+family+Lecanodiaspididae+and+other+new+records+and+notes+on+Philippine+scale+insects+%28Coccoidea%2C+Hemiptera%29&Mtype=ANALYTICS

Lit LL, 1997. First report of the family Lecanodiaspididae and other records and notes on Philippine scale insects (Coccidea, Hemiptera). In: Philippine Entomologist, 11 87-95.

Masamdu R, 1989. Factors influencing the effectiveness Metaphycus baruensis Noyes (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in parasitising Coccus spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) on coffee in Papua New Guinea. PNG Coffee. 8 (2), 89-91.

Matile-Ferrero D, Nonveiller G, 1984. (Coccoidea). In: Catalogue commenté et illustré des insectes du Cameroun d'intérêt agricole (apparitions, réparition, importance). Memoires, [ed. by Nonveiller G]. Belgrade, Serbia: Institut pour la Protection des Plantes.

Murphy S T, 1991. Insect natural enemies of coffee green scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Kenya and their potential for biological control of Coccus celatus and C. viridis in Papua New Guinea. Entomophaga. 36 (4), 519-529. DOI:10.1007/BF02374434

Murphy ST, 1997. Coffee. In: Soft Scale Insects - their biology, natural enemies and control. World Crop Pests, 7B [ed. by Ben-Dov Y, Hodgson CJ]. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier. 367-379.

O'Dowd D J, Green P T, Lake P S, 2003. Invasional 'meltdown' on an oceanic island. Ecology Letters. 6 (9), 812-817. DOI:10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00512.x

Williams D J, 1982. The distribution and synonymy of Coccus celatus De Lotto (Hemiptera: Coccidae) and its importance on coffee in Papua New Guinea. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 72 (1), 107-109. DOI:10.1017/S0007485300050318

Williams D J, Watson G W, 1990. The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Part 3: the soft scales (Coccidae) and other families. In: The scale insects of the tropical South Pacific region. Part 3: the soft scales (Coccidae) and other families. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. 267 pp.

Woods B, Steiner E, 2012. Christmas Island fruit fly and scale survey., Australia: Government of Western Australia, Department of Agriculture and Food. 22 pp.

Distribution Maps

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