Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cladosporium colocasiae
(ghost or false spot)



Cladosporium colocasiae (ghost or false spot)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cladosporium colocasiae
  • Preferred Common Name
  • ghost or false spot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cladosporium colocasiae Sawada

Preferred Common Name

  • ghost or false spot

International Common Names

  • English: brown leaf spot; irregular leaf spot; leaf spot of taro (dasheen)
  • French: taches foliaires

EPPO code

  • CLADCO (Cladosporium colocasiae)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Dothideomycetidae
  •                         Order: Capnodiales
  •                             Family: Davidiellaceae
  •                                 Genus: Cladosporium
  •                                     Species: Cladosporium colocasiae

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


EthiopiaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)


BruneiPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
ChinaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-SichuanPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
IndiaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
-KeralaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
-Madhya PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
-West BengalPresentDe and Chattopadhyay (1994)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
IranPresentAmanelah-Baharvandi and Zafari (2015)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-SabahPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
-SarawakPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
South KoreaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1988)


PortugalPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-AzoresPresentUK, CAB International (1988)

North America

BarbadosPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
Puerto RicoPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
United StatesPresentHolcomb (1989)
-HawaiiPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
-LouisianaPresentHolcomb (1989)


American SamoaPresentBrooks (2002); SPC (2013)
Cook IslandsPresentSPC (2013)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentSPC (2013)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1988); SPC (2013)
French PolynesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1988); SPC (2013)
KiribatiPresentSPC (2013)
Marshall IslandsPresentSPC (2013)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1988); SPC (2013)
New ZealandPresentMcKenzie (1990)
NiuePresentSPC (2013)
PalauPresentSPC (2013)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1988)
SamoaPresentGerlach (1988); SPC (2013)
Solomon IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1988); SPC (2013)
TongaPresentSPC (2013)
VanuatuPresentUK, CAB International (1988); SPC (2013)
Wallis and FutunaPresentSPC (2013)


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Amanelah-Baharvandi H; Zafari D, 2015. First report of Cladosporium colocasiae as a pathogen causing leaf spot disease on taro (Colocasia esculenta) in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 97(3):542.

Aptroot A, 2006. Mycosphaerella and its anamorphs: 2. Conspectus of Mycosphaerella. CBS Biodiversity Series, 5. Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Braun U; Crous PW; Dugan FM; Groenewald JZ; Hoog GS de, 2003. Phylogeny and taxonomy of cladosporium-like hyphomycetes, including Davidiella gen. nov., the teleomorph of Cladosporium s.str. Mycological Progress, 2:3-18.

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

BUGNICOURT F, 1958. A contribution to the study of C. colocasiae. (Contribution a l'e- tude de Cladosporium colocasiae Sawada.) Revue de Mycologie, 23(2):233-236 pp.

David JC, 1988. Cladosporium colocasiae. Mycopathologia, 103:115-116.

David JC, 1997. A contribution to the systematics of Cladosporium. Revision of the fungi previously referred to Heterosporium. Mycological Papers, 172:1-157.

De TK; Chattopadhyay BK, 1994. Studies in some foliicolous hyphomycetous fungi from India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, 18(1):225-229.

Dugan FM; Schubert K; Braun U, 2004. Check-list of Cladosporium names. Schlechtendalia, 11:1-103.

Ellis MB, 1971. Dematiaceous hyphomycetes. 1971. pp. 608. [Price £6]. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew.

Gerlach WWP, 1988. Plant diseases of Western Samoa. Apia, Western Samoa: Samoan German Crop Protection Project, 215 pp.

Heuchert B; Braun U; Schubert K, 2005. Morphotaxonomic revision of fungicolous Cladosporium species (hyphomycetes). Schlechtendalia, 13:1-78.

Ho MHM; Castaneda RF; Dugan FM; Jong SC, 1999. Cladosporium and Cladophialophora in culture: descriptions and an expanded key. Mycotaxon, 72:115-157; 38 ref.

Holcomb GE, 1989. First report of Cladosporium colocasiae on taro in the United States. Plant Disease, 73(11):938.

McKenzie EHC, 1990. New plant disease records in New Zealand: miscellaneous fungal pathogens II. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 18(1):65-73.

Schoch C; Shoemaker RA; Seifert KA; Hambleton S; Spatafora JW; Crous PW, 2006. A multigene phylogeny of the Dothideomycetes using four nuclear loci. Mycologia, 98, in press.

Schubert K, 2005. Morphotaxonomic revision of foliicolous Cladosporium species (hyphomycetes). PhD thesis, Martin Luther University, Halle.

SPC, 2013. Pacific Islands Pest List Database. Suva, Fiji: Plant Protection Service Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

UK CAB International, 1988. Cladosporium colocasiae. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, October (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 592.

Distribution Maps

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