Citrus yellow mosaic virus (mosaic of citrus)
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Citrus yellow mosaic virus
Preferred Common Name
- mosaic of citrus
Other Scientific Names
- Citrus mosaic badnavirus
- Citrus yellow mosaic badnavirus
- CMBV00 (Citrus mosaic badnavirus)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Virus
- Unknown: "DNA and RNA reverse transcribing viruses"
- Family: Caulimoviridae
- Genus: Badnavirus
- Species: Citrus yellow mosaic virus
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|India||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Andhra Pradesh||Widespread||Ahlawat et al., 1996a; Dakshinamurti and Reddy, 1975; Ahlawat et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Arunachal Pradesh||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Assam||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Delhi||Widespread||Ahlawat et al., 1996a; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Karnataka||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1996a; Ahlawat et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Kerala||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1996a; CABI/EPPO, 2004|
|-Maharashtra||Present||Pandey et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Manipur||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Meghalaya||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Rajasthan||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Tamil Nadu||Present||Ahlawat et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2004|
|-Uttar Pradesh||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|-Uttarakhand||Present||CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014|
|Netherlands||Absent, confirmed by survey||EPPO, 2014|
Growth StagesTop of page Vegetative growing stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Fruit / abnormal patterns|
|Fruit / abnormal shape|
|Leaves / abnormal patterns|
|Whole plant / dwarfing|
Plant TradeTop of page
|Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport||Pest stages||Borne internally||Borne externally||Visibility of pest or symptoms|
|Bark||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually invisible|
|Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually invisible|
|Fruits (inc. pods)||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Leaves||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Roots||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually invisible|
|Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually invisible|
|Wood||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually invisible|
|Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport|
ReferencesTop of page
Ahlawat YS, 2000. Yellow Mosaic. In: Timmer LW, Garnsey SM, Graham JH, eds. Compendium of Citrus Diseases, edition 2. Minnesota, USA: APS Press.
Ahlawat YS; Pant RP, 1999. Viruses, Viroids, Phytoplasma and greening bacterium associated diseases of citrus. In: Verma LR, Sharma RC, eds. Diseases of Horticultural crops. New Delhi, India: Indus Publishing Company.
Ahlawat YS; Reddy OR; Moses JG; Singh SP, 1999. Distribution of yellow mosaic disease of citrus in South India. Cotrograph Magazine July/August, 1999. University of California, Riverside: USA.
Ahlawat YS; Varma A; Pant RP; Shukla A; Lockhart BEL, 1996b. Partial characterization of a badnavirus associated with citrus yellow mosaic disease in India. In: Proceedings of the 13th conference of the International Organization of citrus Virologists, University of California, Riverside, USA, 208-217.
Baranwal VK; Ahlawat YS, 2008. Molecular diagnostics for detection of virus and virus-like pathogens in citrus. In: Techniques in diagnosis of plant viruses [ed. by Rao GP, Valverde RA, Dovas CI] Houston, USA: Studium Press LLC, 141-151.
EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm
Reddy BVB, 1997. Characterization of citrus mosaic virus and means to develop methods for its quick detection. Doctoral thesis, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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