Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Citrus reticulata
(mandarin)

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Datasheet

Citrus reticulata (mandarin)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Citrus reticulata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mandarin
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Essential oils
  • Fruits
  • Graft stock
  • Spices and culinary herbs
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Citrus reticulata Blanco

Preferred Common Name

  • mandarin

Other Scientific Names

  • Citrus nobilis Andrews, nom. illeg.
  • Citrus tangerina

International Common Names

  • English: clementine; portugal; tangerine
  • Spanish: naranjo mandarina
  • French: mandarinier
  • Chinese: chu

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Mandarinen
  • India: santara
  • Italy: mandarino di Tangeri; tangerino
  • Japan: mikan

EPPO code

  • CIDTG (Citrus tangerina)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rutales
  •                         Family: Rutaceae
  •                             Genus: Citrus
  •                                 Species: Citrus reticulata

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alternaria citri (stalk end rot); Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn); Aonidiella aurantii (red scale); Aonidiella citrina (yellow scale); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Bactrocera aquilonis; Bactrocera caryeae; Bactrocera curvipennis (banana fruit fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly); Bactrocera occipitalis; Bactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly); Bactrocera tsuneonis (Japanese orange fly); Brevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma); Capnodium citri (sooty mould); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Ceroplastes japonicus (tortoise wax scale); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Citripestis sagittiferella (citrus fruit borer); Citrus blight disease (citrus blight); Citrus exocortis viroid (citrus exocortis); citrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening); Citrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus); Citrus tristeza virus (citrus tristeza); Citrus yellow mosaic virus (mosaic of citrus); Dialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly); Diaporthe citri (melanose of Citrus); Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug); Elsinoë australis (citrus scab); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Geotrichum candidum (citrus race) (citrus sour rot); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Gymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer); Hemicycliophora arenaria (sheath nematode); Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Indarbela quadrinotata (bark eating caterpillar); Liberibacter africanus (African greening); Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Mycosphaerella citri (greasy spot); Panonychus citri (citrus red mite); Pantomorus cervinus (Fuller's rose beetle); Papilio androgeus (swallowtail); Paratrichodorus porosus; Parlatoria pergandii (chaff scale); Parlatoria ziziphi (black parlatoria scale); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Penicillium italicum (blue mould); Pseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Scirtothrips citri (California citrus thrips); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus); Toxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid); Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale); Unaspis yanonensis (arrowhead scale); Xanthomonas citri (citrus canker); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines); Zonocerus elegans (elegant grasshopper); Zonocerus variegatus (variegated grasshopper)

Minor host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Anastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Bactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera facialis; Bactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly); Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera kirki; Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Bactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Cassida exilis (tortoise beetle); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Citrus impietratura disease (samrah); Coccus viridis (soft green scale); Colletotrichum karsti; Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Elsinoë fawcettii (citrus scab); Erysiphe quercicola; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Guignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Panonychus ulmi (European red spider mite); Pantoea citrea (pineapple pink fruit); Phoma tracheiphila (mal secco); Phyllocoptruta oleivora (citrus rust mite); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Prays citri (citrus flower moth); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Saissetia oleae (olive scale); Satsuma dwarf virus (dwarf disease of satsuma); Singhiella citrifolii (cloudy winged whitefly); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Syncephalastrum racemosum (black soft rot of Indian gooseberry); Tylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aleurocanthus spiniferus (orange spiny whitefly); Aleurotuberculatus aucubae (Japanese laurel whitefly); Asymmetrasca decedens; Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly); Biprorulus bibax; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brevipalpus obovatus (scarlet tea mite); Burkholderia andropogonis (bacterial leaf stripe of sorghum and corn); Ceroplastes sinensis (Chinese wax scale); Chloropulvinaria aurantii (citrus cottony, scale); Circulifer tenellus (beet leafhopper); Citrus psorosis B (citrus scaly bark); Citrus yellow vein clearing virus; Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Cribrolecanium andersoni (white powdery, scale); Crypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale); Cryptoblabes gnidiella (citrus pyralid); Dacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly); Deudorix isocrates (anar caterpillar); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Eotetranychus cendanai; Eotetranychus kankitus (miyake spider mite); Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Liberibacter americanus (American greening); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Mycetaspis personata (masked aspidiotus); Neoaliturus haematoceps; Nipaecoccus filamentosus; Nipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug); Orthezia praelonga (croton bug); Phyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner); Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Planococcus minor (passionvine mealybug); Pseudococcus cryptus; Psorosticha zizyphi (citrus leafroller); Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug); Rhynchocoris poseidon (spined fruit bug); Scaphytopius nitridus; Thrips major (rubus, thrips); Thrips obscuratus (new Zealand flower thrips)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Graft stock

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore