Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Citrus medica
(citron)

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Datasheet

Citrus medica (citron)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Citrus medica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • citron
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Fruits
  • Ornamental
  • Religious
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Citrus medica (citron); tree with flowers and developing fruits.
TitleHabit
CaptionCitrus medica (citron); tree with flowers and developing fruits.
Copyright©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); tree with flowers and developing fruits.
HabitCitrus medica (citron); tree with flowers and developing fruits. ©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); flowers, open and opening. Flowers are ca.3-4cm in diameter.
TitleFlowers
CaptionCitrus medica (citron); flowers, open and opening. Flowers are ca.3-4cm in diameter.
Copyright©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); flowers, open and opening. Flowers are ca.3-4cm in diameter.
FlowersCitrus medica (citron); flowers, open and opening. Flowers are ca.3-4cm in diameter.©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); flowers and young fruits. Developing fruits are ca 6-8cm long. The finger-shaped form of the fruit is typical of the variety  "sarcodactylis".
TitleFlowers and fruits
CaptionCitrus medica (citron); flowers and young fruits. Developing fruits are ca 6-8cm long. The finger-shaped form of the fruit is typical of the variety "sarcodactylis".
Copyright©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); flowers and young fruits. Developing fruits are ca 6-8cm long. The finger-shaped form of the fruit is typical of the variety  "sarcodactylis".
Flowers and fruitsCitrus medica (citron); flowers and young fruits. Developing fruits are ca 6-8cm long. The finger-shaped form of the fruit is typical of the variety "sarcodactylis".©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); young fruits. Mature fruits are ca.15 cm in length and a yellowish-orange colour. The finger-shaped form is typical of the variety  "sarcodactylis".
TitleFruits
CaptionCitrus medica (citron); young fruits. Mature fruits are ca.15 cm in length and a yellowish-orange colour. The finger-shaped form is typical of the variety "sarcodactylis".
Copyright©Charles Schotman
Citrus medica (citron); young fruits. Mature fruits are ca.15 cm in length and a yellowish-orange colour. The finger-shaped form is typical of the variety  "sarcodactylis".
FruitsCitrus medica (citron); young fruits. Mature fruits are ca.15 cm in length and a yellowish-orange colour. The finger-shaped form is typical of the variety "sarcodactylis".©Charles Schotman

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Citrus medica L.

Preferred Common Name

  • citron

Other Scientific Names

  • Aurantium medica
  • Citrus aurantium var. medica
  • Citrus tuberosa Mill.

International Common Names

  • English: citron tree
  • Spanish: cidrero
  • French: cédratier
  • Portuguese: cidreira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Zitronatzitronenbaum
  • Italy: cedrato
  • Netherlands: cederappel; cederatboom; cedraatboom; sukadeboom; sukadecitroen

EPPO code

  • CIDME (Citrus medica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rutales
  •                         Family: Rutaceae
  •                             Genus: Citrus
  •                                 Species: Citrus medica

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alternaria citri (stalk end rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Citripestis sagittiferella (citrus fruit borer); Cuscuta reflexa (dodder); Diaporthe citri (melanose of Citrus); Phoma tracheiphila (mal secco); Pseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.); Pseudococcus calceolariae (scarlet mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Xanthomonas citri (citrus canker)

Minor host of:

Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Bactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Citrus impietratura disease (samrah); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aleurocanthus spiniferus (orange spiny whitefly); Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Anomala rufocuprea (soybean beetle); Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn); Cenopalpus pulcher (scarlet, mite, flat (England)); Citrus yellow vein clearing virus; Colletotrichum boninense; Endoclita excrescens (swift moth, Japanese); Guignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot); Homona magnanima (oriental tea tortrix); Nezara antennata (green stink bug); Nipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug); Papilio xuthus (swallowtail, citrus); Phomopsis theicola; Phyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner); Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Sphrageidus similis (gold-tail moth); Toxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)

Uses List

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Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Religious

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore