Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Citrus maxima
(pummelo)

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Datasheet

Citrus maxima (pummelo)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Citrus maxima
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pummelo
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Citrus maxima (pummelo); fruit and foliage. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
TitleFruit
CaptionCitrus maxima (pummelo); fruit and foliage. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Citrus maxima (pummelo); fruit and foliage. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
FruitCitrus maxima (pummelo); fruit and foliage. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Citrus maxima (pummelo); habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
TitleHabit
CaptionCitrus maxima (pummelo); habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Citrus maxima (pummelo); habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.
HabitCitrus maxima (pummelo); habit. Pali o Waipio Huelo, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2013.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Citrus maxima (pummelo); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2012.
TitleFlowers
CaptionCitrus maxima (pummelo); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Citrus maxima (pummelo); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2012.
FlowersCitrus maxima (pummelo); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Citrus maxima (Burman) Merr.

Preferred Common Name

  • pummelo

Other Scientific Names

  • Citrus aurantium var. grandis L.
  • Citrus decumana L., nom. illeg.
  • Citrus grandis Osbeck
  • Citrus grandis Osbeck

International Common Names

  • English: shaddock
  • Spanish: pomelo
  • French: pomelo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Apfelsinenbaum, Riesen-; Orangenbaum, Leder-; Orangenbaum, Riesen-
  • Italy: pompelmo

EPPO code

  • CIDGR (Citrus maxima)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rutales
  •                         Family: Rutaceae
  •                             Genus: Citrus
  •                                 Species: Citrus maxima

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Anoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn); Aonidiella aurantii (red scale); Bactrocera aquilonis; Bactrocera caryeae; Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera kandiensis; Bactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly); Ceroplastes destructor (white wax scale); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale); Citripestis sagittiferella (citrus fruit borer); Citrus impietratura disease (samrah); Citrus tristeza virus (citrus tristeza); Citrus yellow mosaic virus (mosaic of citrus); Diaporthe citri (melanose of Citrus); Geotrichum candidum (citrus race) (citrus sour rot); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Monacrostichus citricola; Parlatoria pergandii (chaff scale); Penicillium italicum (blue mould); Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Pseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Toxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid); Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale); Xanthomonas citri (citrus canker)

Minor host of:

Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera facialis; Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera psidii (South Sea guava fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Cuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder); Cylindrocarpon lichenicola; Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening); Marasmius crinis-equi (horse hair blight); Neoscytalidium dimidiatum; Phyllocoptruta oleivora (citrus rust mite); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Platynota stultana (omnivorous leaf roller); Scutellonema brachyurus; Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Spiroplasma citri (stubborn disease of citrus); Trioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)

Associated with (not a host):

Amblyseius multidentatus; Tylenchorhynchus mediterraneus

Host of (source - data mining):

Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Anastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly); Bactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly); Bactrocera kirki; Bactrocera occipitalis; Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Ceroplastes stellifer; Circulifer tenellus (beet leafhopper); Coccus viridis (soft green scale); Crypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale); Dacus bivittatus (fruit fly); Eotetranychus cendanai; Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Guignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Nipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug); Paratylenchus minutus; Parlatoria ziziphi (black parlatoria scale); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Phyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner); Phyllosticta citrimaxima; Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (trilobite scale); Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical