Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Citrus aurantium
(sour orange)

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Datasheet

Citrus aurantium (sour orange)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 13 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Citrus aurantium
  • Preferred Common Name
  • sour orange
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Pictures

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Citrus aurantium L.

Preferred Common Name

  • sour orange

International Common Names

  • English: orange (sour)
  • Spanish: naranjo amargo
  • French: bigaradier
  • Portuguese: laranja da terra; laranjeira azeda

Local Common Names

  • Cuba: naranja agria
  • Germany: Apfelsinenbaum, Bitter-; Orangenbaum, Bitter-; Pomeranzenbaum
  • Italy: arancio amaro; melangolo
  • Japan: daidai
  • Netherlands: oranjeboom, bittere

EPPO code

  • CIDAU (Citrus aurantium)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rutales
  •                         Family: Rutaceae
  •                             Genus: Citrus
  •                                 Species: Citrus aurantium

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 7,407 MT (Im)
AzerbaijanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 8,450 MT
BangladeshFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 21,000 MT (F)
BhutanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 58,000 MT (F)
Brunei DarussalamFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 411 MT (Im)
CambodiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 56,892 MT (Im)
ChinaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 6,213,830 MT (*)
IndiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4,571,000 MT
-AssamUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
IndonesiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,818,950 MT
IraqFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 90,923 MT
IsraelFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 90,525 MT
JapanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 54,063 MT (Im)
JordanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 38,709 MT
KuwaitFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 125 MT (Im)
LebanonFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 110,000 MT (F)
MalaysiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 53,111 MT (Im)
NepalFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 50,679 MT
PakistanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,387,540 MT (*)
PhilippinesFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 3,984 MT
Sri LankaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 7,230 MT
SyriaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 733,960 MT
TajikistanFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,300 MT (*)
ThailandFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 425,000 MT (F)
TurkeyFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,730,150 MT
VietnamFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 745,894 MT (Im)
YemenFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 127,125 MT (Im)

Africa

AlgeriaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 600,000 MT (F)
BeninFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 13,500 MT (F)
BotswanaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 600 MT (F)
Burkina FasoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 586 MT (Im)
Central African RepublicFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 29,800 MT (Im)
CongoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 2,500 MT (F)
Côte d'IvoireFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 40,439 MT (Im)
DjiboutiFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4 MT (Im)
EgyptFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 2,577,720 MT
EthiopiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 72,030 MT (Im)
GhanaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 530,000 MT (F)
Guinea-BissauFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 6,392 MT (Im)
KenyaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 132,980 MT
LiberiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 8,000 MT (F)
LibyaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 48,428 MT (Im)
MadagascarFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 86,403 MT (Im)
MaliFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 21,875 MT (Im)
MoroccoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 850,000 MT (*)
MozambiqueFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 25,921 MT (Im)
NamibiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,269 MT (Im)
RéunionFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 2,836 MT (Im)
RwandaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 5,522 MT (Im)
SenegalFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 50,000 MT
SeychellesFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 25 MT (F)
SomaliaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 10,492 MT (Im)
South AfricaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,496,160 MT
SwazilandFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 43,000 MT (F)
TogoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 14,000 MT (F)
TunisiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 139,400 MT
ZambiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4,320 MT (Im)
ZimbabweFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 97,512 MT (Im)

North America

MexicoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4,079,680 MT
USAFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 8,079,390 MT
-FloridaPresentCAB Abstracts

Central America and Caribbean

BelizeFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 186,277 MT
Costa RicaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 159,406 MT
CubaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 122,900 MT
DominicaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 6,053 MT (Im)
Dominican RepublicFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 139,350 MT
El SalvadorFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 42,446 MT
GrenadaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 540 MT (Im)
GuadeloupeFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,350 MT (Im)
GuatemalaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 150,252 MT
HaitiFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 25,709 MT (Im)
HondurasFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 280,072 MT (Im)
JamaicaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 116,074 MT (Im)
MartiniqueFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 323 MT (Im)
NicaraguaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 95,056 MT (Im)
PanamaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 53,361 MT (Im)
Puerto RicoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 12,803 MT (Im)
Saint LuciaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 485 MT (Im)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,247 MT (Im)
Trinidad and TobagoFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4,311 MT (Im)

South America

ArgentinaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 876,851 MT (Im)
BrazilFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,981,1100 MT
ChileFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 140,972 MT (Im)
ColombiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 343,172 MT (Im)
EcuadorFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 36,607 MT
French GuianaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 666 MT (Im)
GuyanaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 4,570 MT (Im)
ParaguayFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 229,898 MT
PeruFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 418,634 MT
SurinameFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 14,976 MT
UruguayFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 135,180 MT

Europe

AlbaniaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 7,400 MT (F)
CroatiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 333 MT
CyprusFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 37,700 MT
FranceFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 596 MT (*)
GreeceFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 740,000 MT (F)
ItalyFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 2,469,940 MT
-SicilyPresent
MaltaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 1,467 MT
PortugalFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 228,101 MT
Russian FederationFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 110 MT
SpainFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 2,825,390 MT

Oceania

AustraliaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 291,223 MT
Cook IslandsFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 62 MT (Im)
FijiFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 350 MT (Im)
French PolynesiaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 371 MT (Im)
GuamFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 55 MT (Im)
Micronesia, Federated states ofFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 55 MT (A)
New ZealandFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 7,789 MT (Im)
TongaFAO, 2013Oranges production (2011) 712 MT (Im)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Graft stock

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils
  • Lipids

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

References

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FAO, 2013. FAOSTAT database. Rome, Italy: FAO. http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html [2011 data taken in 2013.]

Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. , 2012. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96.

Distribution Maps

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