Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cichorium intybus



Cichorium intybus (chicory)


  • Last modified
  • 09 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cichorium intybus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • chicory
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Flour/starch
  • Forage
  • Miscellaneous drugs, stimulants and social uses
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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TitleWitloof chicons forced in the dark
CopyrightEdward J. Ryder/USDA
Witloof chicons forced in the darkEdward J. Ryder/USDA
TitleRosette type chicory with narrow, spatulate leaves
CopyrightEdward J. Ryder/USDA
Rosette type chicory with narrow, spatulate leavesEdward J. Ryder/USDA
TitleRadicchio, a red headed form of Italian chicory
CopyrightEdward J. Ryder/USDA
Radicchio, a red headed form of Italian chicoryEdward J. Ryder/USDA
C. intybus infestation in berseem, Egypt.
CaptionC. intybus infestation in berseem, Egypt.
Copyright©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
C. intybus infestation in berseem, Egypt.
InfestationC. intybus infestation in berseem, Egypt.©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cichorium intybus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • chicory

Other Scientific Names

  • Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Hegi
  • Cichorium intybus var. sativum (Bisch.) Janch.

International Common Names

  • English: Belgium endive; French endive; Italian chicory; succory; witloof chicory
  • Spanish: achicoria (de Bruselas); achicorias
  • French: chicorée; chicorée de Bruxelles; chicorée sauvage
  • Portuguese: almeirao

Local Common Names

  • France: chicorée
  • Germany: Cicorie; Kaffeezichorie; Salat- Zichorie; Wegwarte; Wurzelzichorie
  • Italy: cicoria amara; cicoria da taglio; cicorias; radicchio; treviso
  • Netherlands: witloof
  • Sweden: sikorisallad

EPPO code

  • CICIF (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum)
  • CICIN (Cichorium intybus)
  • CICIS (Cichorium intybus var. sativum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Cichorium
  •                                 Species: Cichorium intybus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alternaria cichorii (leaf spot of endive); Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Chicory yellow mottle virus; Dickeya dianthicola (slow wilt of Dianthus and potato); Golovinomyces cichoracearum (powdery mildew); Helicobasidium brebissonii (violet root rot); Lettuce mosaic virus (lettuce mosaic); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Napomyza cichorii; Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora tentaculata; Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Pseudomonas marginalis (kansas lettuce disease); Sclerotinia minor (sclerotinia disease of lettuce); Senecio vulgaris; Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne)

Minor host of:

Artichoke Italian latent virus; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Edessa meditabunda (green and brown stink bug); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Lettuce big-vein virus (lettuce big vein-virus); Melanoplus bivittatus (twostriped grasshopper); Nasonovia ribisnigri (currant-lettuce aphid); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (rhizomania)

Associated with (not a host):

Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Forage

Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Miscellaneous drugs, stimulants and social uses

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Flour/starch
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore