Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Carica papaya
(pawpaw)

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Datasheet

Carica papaya (pawpaw)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Carica papaya
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pawpaw
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Beverage base
  • Chemicals
  • Food additive
  • Fruits

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. papaya with fruit, Côte d'Ivoire.
TitleC. papaya
CaptionC. papaya with fruit, Côte d'Ivoire.
CopyrightCTC/Zeneca
C. papaya with fruit, Côte d'Ivoire.
C. papayaC. papaya with fruit, Côte d'Ivoire.CTC/Zeneca
Tree in homegarden.
TitleTree habit
CaptionTree in homegarden.
Copyright©Rafael T. Cadiz
Tree in homegarden.
Tree habitTree in homegarden.©Rafael T. Cadiz
C. papaya with fruit, Los Banos, Philippines.
TitleC. papaya
CaptionC. papaya with fruit, Los Banos, Philippines.
CopyrightPatricia Neenan
C. papaya with fruit, Los Banos, Philippines.
C. papayaC. papaya with fruit, Los Banos, Philippines.Patricia Neenan
Tree in homegarden.
TitleTree habit
CaptionTree in homegarden.
Copyright©Rafael T. Cadiz
Tree in homegarden.
Tree habitTree in homegarden.©Rafael T. Cadiz
C. papaya: 1, part of flowering and fruiting stem; 2,  halved fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleC. papaya - line drawing
CaptionC. papaya: 1, part of flowering and fruiting stem; 2, halved fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. papaya: 1, part of flowering and fruiting stem; 2,  halved fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
C. papaya - line drawingC. papaya: 1, part of flowering and fruiting stem; 2, halved fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation
C. papaya is planted as an ornamental and a source of fruit.
Title Stand
CaptionC. papaya is planted as an ornamental and a source of fruit.
Copyright©Rafael T. Cadiz
C. papaya is planted as an ornamental and a source of fruit.
StandC. papaya is planted as an ornamental and a source of fruit.©Rafael T. Cadiz
Open flowers of Papaya (Carica papaya).
TitleFlowers
CaptionOpen flowers of Papaya (Carica papaya).
CopyrightAgrEvo
Open flowers of Papaya (Carica papaya).
FlowersOpen flowers of Papaya (Carica papaya).AgrEvo
TitleMale flower
Caption
Copyright©Rafael T. Cadiz
Male flower©Rafael T. Cadiz
TitleFemale flower
Caption
Copyright©Rafael T. Cadiz
Female flower©Rafael T. Cadiz
1. part of flowering and fruiting stem
2. halved fruit
TitleLine artwork
Caption1. part of flowering and fruiting stem 2. halved fruit
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
1. part of flowering and fruiting stem
2. halved fruit
Line artwork1. part of flowering and fruiting stem 2. halved fruitPROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Carica papaya L.

Preferred Common Name

  • pawpaw

Other Scientific Names

  • Carica peltata Hook. & Arn.
  • Carica posoposa L.
  • Papaya carica Gaertn.

International Common Names

  • English: papaya; pawpaw
  • Spanish: col delmonte pela dera; figuera del monte; mamao; mamao zinho; papaita; papaya de mica; papaya de silva; papayero
  • French: papaye; papayer
  • Portuguese: mamaeiro

Local Common Names

  • Bangladesh: papaya
  • Brazil: mamao; mamoeiro
  • Cambodia: doeum lahong; ihong
  • Chile: palo gordo
  • Ecuador: chamburo; chihualcan; higacho; lechosa de monte; papaya de olor; tapaculco
  • Germany: Baummelonenbaum; Melonenbaum
  • India: papaya; pipiya
  • Indonesia: gedang; kates
  • Italy: carica; fico del isole; papaia; papajo
  • Laos: houng
  • Malaysia: betek; ketala
  • Myanmar: thimbaw
  • Netherlands: meloenboom; papaja
  • Peru: mito
  • Philippines: kapaya; lapaya; papaya
  • Thailand: loko; makuai; malakor; thet
  • Vietnam: du du

EPPO code

  • CIAPA (Carica papaya)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Caricaceae
  •                             Genus: Carica
  •                                 Species: Carica papaya

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Amblypelta lutescens (banana spotting bug); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Asperisporium caricae (black spot); Bactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly); Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera melanotus; Bactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Brevipalpus californicus (citrus flat mite); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense; Chloris barbata (purpletop chloris); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Coereba flaveola (yellow sparrow); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Colletotrichum papayae; Commelina diffusa (spreading dayflower); Conogethes punctiferalis (castor capsule borer); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Corynothrips stenopterus (cassava thrips); Corythuca gossypii (cotton lacebug); Drymaria cordata (tropical chickweed); Emilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower); Empoasca papayae (leaf hopper of papaya); Empoasca stevensii (stevens leafhopper); Erinnyis alope (papaya hornworm); Erinnyis ello (cassava hornworm (USA)); Erwinia papayae; Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Frankliniella insularis (blossom thrips); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Howardia biclavis (mining scale); Icerya samaraia (steatococcus scale); Leptostylus praemorsus (boring beetle); Loxigilla noctis (brown sparrow); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Mikania micrantha (bitter vine); Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant); Morganella longispina (maskell scale); Moroccan watermelon mosaic virus; Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Nipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug); Oidium caricae-papayae (powdery mildew: papaya); Oligonychus gossypii; Papaya apical necrosis rhabdovirus; Papaya leaf curl virus; Papaya meleira virus; Papaya mosaic virus (papaya mosaic); Papaya ringspot virus; Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Parasaissetia nigra (pomegranate scale); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Paspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass); Pectobacterium cypripedii (bacterial brown rot of orchids); Phenacaspis papayae; Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phoma caricae-papayae (leaf spot of papaya); Phomopsis caricae-papayae (stem rot of pawpaw); Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Phytoplasma australasiae; Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudomonas caricapapayae (leaf spot); Pseudoparlatoria ostreata; Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium vexans (damping off); Rickettsia sp. (papaya bunchy top); Rotylenchulus parvus (reniform nematode); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus fijiensis; Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Tetranychus marianae; Tetranychus piercei; Thrips parvispinus (tobacco thrips); Tobacco leaf curl virus; Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Toxotrypana curvicauda (papaya fruit fly); Trialeurodes variabilis (papaya whitefly); Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)

Minor host of:

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Adoretus versutus (rose beetle); Aleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly); Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Aonidiella aurantii (red scale); Aonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale); Aphis nerii (sweet pepper aphid); Araecerus fasciculatus (cocoa weevil); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Attacus atlas (atlas moth); Aulacaspis tubercularis (mango scale); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly); Bactrocera jarvisi (Jarvis' fruit fly); Bactrocera kandiensis; Bactrocera musae (banana fruit fly); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly); Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly); Calonectria ilicicola (leaf spot: Ilex spp.); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus; Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale); Cladosporium oxysporum (seedlings blight of passion fruit); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Colletotrichum brevisporum; Colletotrichum fructicola; Colletotrichum karsti; Colletotrichum magna; Crypticerya multicicatrices (multicicatrices fluted scale); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Darna diducta (nettle caterpillar); Enterobacter cloacae (antagonist of Pythium); Erysiphe diffusa (soybean powdery mildew); Euphorbia leaf curl virus; Eutetranychus africanus (citrus brown mite); Grapevine yellows phytoplasmas; Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Nicandra physalodes (apple of Peru); Okra enation leaf curl virus; Oryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle); Panonychus citri (citrus red mite); Papaya leaf curl Guandong virus; Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass); Pentalonia nigronervosa (banana aphid); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora tropicalis; Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudoidium neolycopersici (tomato powdery mildew); Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug); Rhabdoscelus obscurus (sugarcane weevil borer); Rhopalosiphum maidis (green corn aphid); Rhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil); Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass); Scutellonema brachyurus; Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Tomato leaf curl Albatinah virus; Xyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer); Xyleborus volvulus

Associated with (not a host):

Cycloneda sanguinea; Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Phytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa); Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria zinniae (leaf spot of zinnia); Anastrepha distincta (pois-doux fruit fly); Aphis middletonii (erigeron root, aphid); Cladosporium cucumerinum (scab of cucurbits); Colletotrichum capsici (leaf spot of peppers); Dasineura papivora; Davara caricae; Drechslera biseptata; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Monilinia fructicola (brown rot); Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Nysius vinitor (fly-bug, Australian); Ovulariopsis papayae (powdery mildew: papaya); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Solanum nodiflorum mottle virus; Stemphylium lycopersici (grey leaf spot); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Food additive
  • Fruits

Materials

  • Chemicals
  • Dye/tanning
  • Rubber/latex

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore