Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chrysoperla carnea
(aphid lion)

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Datasheet

Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chrysoperla carnea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • aphid lion
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. March 2017.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. March 2017.
Copyright©AJ Cann (AJC1)/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. March 2017.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. March 2017.©AJ Cann (AJC1)/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Larva. Husum, Buddinge, Denmark. June 2014.
TitleLarva
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Larva. Husum, Buddinge, Denmark. June 2014.
Copyright©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Larva. Husum, Buddinge, Denmark. June 2014.
LarvaChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Larva. Husum, Buddinge, Denmark. June 2014.©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Ryvang, København, Denmark. May 2013.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Ryvang, København, Denmark. May 2013.
Copyright©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Ryvang, København, Denmark. May 2013.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Ryvang, København, Denmark. May 2013.©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Tisvilde Hegn forest, Denmark. September 2015.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Tisvilde Hegn forest, Denmark. September 2015.
Copyright©Line Sabroe/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Tisvilde Hegn forest, Denmark. September 2015.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Tisvilde Hegn forest, Denmark. September 2015.©Line Sabroe/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Wrocław, Dolnosląskie, Poland. October 2018.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Wrocław, Dolnosląskie, Poland. October 2018.
Copyright©hedera.baltica/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Wrocław, Dolnosląskie, Poland. October 2018.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Wrocław, Dolnosląskie, Poland. October 2018.©hedera.baltica/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Bari, Puglia, Italy. May 2017.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Bari, Puglia, Italy. May 2017.
Copyright©Francesco Schiavone/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 4.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Bari, Puglia, Italy. May 2017.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Bari, Puglia, Italy. May 2017.©Francesco Schiavone/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY 4.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult in its subdued winter colours is reasonably easy to spot (much harder later in the year when it's green like all the others), especially if you get close enough to see the hairy veins on the wings. March 2016.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult in its subdued winter colours is reasonably easy to spot (much harder later in the year when it's green like all the others), especially if you get close enough to see the hairy veins on the wings. March 2016.
Copyright©AJ Cann (AJC1)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult in its subdued winter colours is reasonably easy to spot (much harder later in the year when it's green like all the others), especially if you get close enough to see the hairy veins on the wings. March 2016.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult in its subdued winter colours is reasonably easy to spot (much harder later in the year when it's green like all the others), especially if you get close enough to see the hairy veins on the wings. March 2016.©AJ Cann (AJC1)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Søborg, Gladsaxe, Denmark. September 2018.
Title
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Søborg, Gladsaxe, Denmark. September 2018.
Copyright©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Søborg, Gladsaxe, Denmark. September 2018.
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Søborg, Gladsaxe, Denmark. September 2018.©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Walton-on-the-Naze, England, United Kingdom. September 2017.
TitleAdult
CaptionChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Walton-on-the-Naze, England, United Kingdom. September 2017.
Copyright©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Chrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Walton-on-the-Naze, England, United Kingdom. September 2017.
AdultChrysoperla carnea (aphid lion); Adult. Walton-on-the-Naze, England, United Kingdom. September 2017.©Donald Hobern/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chrysoperla carnea Stephens

Preferred Common Name

  • aphid lion

Other Scientific Names

  • Anisochrysa carnea
  • Anysochrysa carnea
  • Chrysopa carnea Stephens
  • Chrysopa nipponensis
  • Chrysopa vulgaris Schneider
  • Chrysoperla nipponensis
  • Chrysoperla vulgaris (Schneider)

International Common Names

  • English: common green lacewing; lacewing, common (usa); lacewing, green
  • French: lion des pucerons

Local Common Names

  • Norway: vanlig gulloye

EPPO code

  • CHROCR (Chrysoperla carnea)
  • CHROVU (Chrysopa vulgaris)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Neuroptera
  •                         Family: Chrysopidae
  •                             Genus: Chrysoperla
  •                                 Species: Chrysoperla carnea

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Feb 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent
LibyaPresent
MoroccoPresent

Asia

AzerbaijanPresent
ChinaPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
GeorgiaPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-DelhiPresent
-GujaratPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-ManipurPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
KazakhstanPresent
KyrgyzstanPresent
LebanonPresent
PakistanPresent
SyriaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanPresent
TurkeyPresent
United Arab EmiratesPresent
UzbekistanPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresentIntroducedFirst reported: <1996
GreecePresent
-CretePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
LithuaniaPresent
MoldovaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SpainPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-SaskatchewanPresent
MexicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-ArizonaPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IndianaPresent
-IowaPresent
-KansasPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MississippiPresent
-MissouriPresent
-OregonPresent
-TexasPresent
-UtahPresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

New ZealandPresent

South America

ChilePresent

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Araniella opisthographa Predator
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Catolaccus crassiceps Parasite
Chrysopophthorus hungaricus Parasite
Dibrachys cavus Parasite
Dichrogaster aestivalis Parasite
Dichrogaster diatropus Parasite
Dichrogaster longicaudata Parasite
Dichrogaster modesta Parasite
Gelis areator Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Gelis ilicicolator Parasite
Isodromus axillaris Parasite
Lasius niger Predator
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen
Linepithema humile Predator
Nosema chrysoperlae Pathogen Bjørnson et al. (2013)
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Philodromus cespitum Predator
Telenomus acrobates Parasite
Telenomus lobatus Parasite
Tetrastichus sempronius Parasite

References

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Bjørnson S; Steele T; Hu Q; Ellis B; Saito T, 2013. Ultrastructure and molecular characterization of the microsporidium, Nosema chrysoperlae sp. nov., from the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) used for biological pest control. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 114(1):53-60. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022201113000852

Bozsik, A., Ruíz, R. G., Lara, B. H., 2009. Distribution of the Chysoperla carnea complex in southern Spain (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Analele Universității din Oradea, Fascicula: Protecția Mediului, 14, 60-65. http://protmed.uoradea.ro/facultate/anale/protectia_mediului/2009/agr/11.Bozsikv%20Andras%202.pdf

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Št'astná, P., Psota, V., 2013. Arthropod diversity (Arthropoda) on abandoned apple trees. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 61(5), 1405-1422. doi: 10.11118/actaun201361051405

Distribution References

Bozsik A, Ruíz R G, Lara B H, 2009. Distribution of the Chysoperla carnea complex in southern Spain (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Analele Universității din Oradea, Fascicula: Protecția Mediului. 60-65. http://protmed.uoradea.ro/facultate/anale/protectia_mediului/2009/agr/11.Bozsikv%20Andras%202.pdf

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N. https://www.cabi.org/cabreviews/abstract/19921166435

Greathead DJ, Undated. BIOCAT Database (unpublished)., Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Št'astná P, Psota V, 2013. Arthropod diversity (Arthropoda) on abandoned apple trees. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 61 (5), 1405-1422. DOI:10.11118/actaun201361051405

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