Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Choristoneura rosaceana
(oblique banded leaf roller)

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Datasheet

Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Choristoneura rosaceana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • oblique banded leaf roller
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleC. rosaceana: adults at rest, females are larger than males
Caption
CopyrightCharles Vincent/Agriculture & Agri-Food, Canada
C. rosaceana: adults at rest, females are larger than malesCharles Vincent/Agriculture & Agri-Food, Canada

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris, 1841)

Preferred Common Name

  • oblique banded leaf roller

Other Scientific Names

  • Archips rosaceana Harris
  • Cacoecia rosaceana Harris
  • Loxotaenia rosaceana Harris
  • Teras vicariana Walker
  • Tortrix gossypiana Packard
  • Tortrix rosaceana Harris

International Common Names

  • English: rosaceous leaf roller
  • French: cigareuse à bande oblique; tordeuse à bandes obliques

English acronym

  • OBLR

EPPO code

  • CHONRO (Choristoneura rosaceana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Choristoneura
  •                                 Species: Choristoneura rosaceana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
SloveniaAbsentEPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-New BrunswickPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-Nova ScotiaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentBautista Martínez et al. (2011)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-IowaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-MainePresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentEPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-North DakotaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Actia interrupta Parasite Wilkinson et al., 2004
Apanteles ater Parasite Larvae
Apophua simplicipes Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen British Columbia
Bassus dimidiator Parasite Wilkinson et al., 2004
Colpoclypeus florus Parasite
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Wilkinson et al., 2004
Ephialtes annulicornis annulicornis Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Ephialtes picticornis Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Itoplectis conquisator Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Itoplectis viduata Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Macrocentrus iridescens Parasite Larvae
Macrocentrus linearis Parasite Wilkinson et al., 2004
Macrocentrus nigridorsis Parasite Larvae
Meteorus argyrotaeniae Parasite Larvae
Meteorus trachynotus Parasite Larvae
Nilea erecta Parasite Larvae
Oedemopsis scabricula Parasite
Oncorhynchus mykiss Wilkinson et al., 2004
Phaeogenes cacoeciae Parasite Bennett, 2008
Scambus hispae Parasite Bennett, 2008
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma platneri Parasite

References

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Agnello AM; Reissig WH; Spangler SM; Charlton RE; Kain DP, 1996. Trap response and fruit damage by obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in pheromone-treated apple orchards in New York. Environmental Entomology, 25(2):268-282; 29 ref.

Agnello AM; Wilcox WF; Rosenberger DA; Robinson TL; Schupp JR; Curtis PO; Breth DI; Hoying SA; eds, 2000. Pest management guidelines for commercial tree fruit production 2000. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell Cooperative Extension, Cornell University.

Anon., 1991. Integrated pest management for apples and pears. In: Statewide integrated pest management project. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Publication 3340, 94-96.

Arnaud PH Jr, 1978. A host-parasite catalog of North American Tachinidae (Diptera). Miscellaneous Publication, Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture, No. 1319:[4 +] 860 pp.

Barron JR; Bisdee HE, 1984. Hymenopterous parasites with lepidopterous and sawfly hosts on Lonicera (honeysuckle) in the Ottawa area. Canadian Entomologist, 116(10):1345-1356

Bautista Martínez N; Chavarín Palacio C; López Bautista E, 2011. First report of oblique banded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in apple in Ejido Vista Hermosa, Ciudad Cuauhtemoc, Chihuahua, Mexico. (Primer reporte del enrollador de bandas oblicuas, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), en manzano en El Ejido Vista Hermosa, Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua, México.) Acta Zoologica Mexicana, 27(3):819-824. http://www1.inecol.edu.mx/azm/AZM27(3)-2011/N03.-%20Bautista%20Martinez.pdf

Bellerose S; Vincent C; Pilon JG, 1992. RTsistance a trois insecticides synthTtiques de la tordeuse a bandes obliques de la rTgion de Deux-Montagnes. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qc, Canada: Agriculture Canada Research Station. Research Summary, 20:5-6.

Bennett AMR, 2008. Review and identification keys to the ichneumonid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of Nearctic Choristoneura species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 140(1):1-47. http://pubservices.nrc-cnrc.ca/rp-ps/absres.jsp?jcode=ent&ftl=n07-011&lang=eng

Bennett SE, 1961. The strawberry leafroller complex in Tennessee. Journal of Tennesse Academy of Science, 36:346-347.

BTlair G; Vincent C; Lemire S; Coderre D, 1999. Laboratory and field assays with entomopathogenic nematodes for the management of oblique banded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Tortricidae). Journal of Nematology, 31(4, Supplement):684-689; 23 ref.

C(tT JC; Vincent C, 1998. Trials with Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki formulations in apple orchards. In: Vincent C, Smith R, eds. Orchard Pest Management in Canada/La protection des vergers au Canada. Bulletin Technique. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Canada: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 81-91.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

Carriere Y, 1992. Host plant exploitation within a population of a generalist herbivore, Choristoneura rosaceana. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 65(1):1-10

Carriere Y, 1992. Larval dispersal from potential hosts within a population of a generalist herbivore, Choristoneura rosaceana. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 65(1):11-19

Carriere Y; Deland JP; Roff DA, 1996. Obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) resistance to insecticides: among-orchard variation and cross-resistance. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89:577-582.

Carriere Y; Deland JP; Roff DA; Vincent C, 1994. Life history costs associated with the evolution of insecticide resistance. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Biology, 258:35-40.

Carriere Y; Roff DA; Deland JP, 1995. The joint evolution of diapause and insecticide resistance: a test of an optimality model. Ecology, 76(5):1497-1505

Carriere Y; Roitberg BD, 1994. Trade-offs in responses to host plants within a population of a generalist herbivore, Choristoneura rosaceana. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 72(2):173-180

CarriFre Y; ParT S; Roitberg BD, 1995. Oviposition preference of a polyphagous moth, the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana(Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 127(4):577-586; 37 ref.

Chapman PJ; Lienk SE, 1971. Tortricid fauna of apple in New York. Special Publications, Agricultural Experimental Station, Cornell University, Geneva, New York State, 46-48.

Chapman PJ; Lienk SE; Dean RW, 1968. Bionomics of Choristoneura rosaceana. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 61:285-290.

Coop L; Knight A; Fisher G, 1989. Parasitism of orange tortrix on caneberry, Rubus spp. in Western Oregon and Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 86:63-65

Cossentine JE; Gardiner M, 1991. Susceptibility of Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to the microsporidium Nosema fumiferanp (Thomson) (Microsporida: Nosematidae). Canadian Entomologist, 123(2):265-270

Cusson M; Delisle J, 1996. Effect of mating on plasma juvenile hormone esterase activity in females of Choristoneura fumiferana and C. rosaceana. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 32(3/4):585-599; 48 ref.

Delisle J, 1992. Age related changes in the calling behaviour and the attractiveness of obliquebanded leafroller virgin females, Choristoneura rosaceana, under different constant and fluctuating temperature conditions. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 63(1):55-62

Delisle J, 1995. Effect of male and female age on the mating success of the obliquebanded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) under different ecological conditions. Journal of Insect Behavior, 8(6):781-799

Delisle J; Bouchard A, 1995. Male larval nutrition in Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): an important factor in reproductive success. Oecologia, 104(4):508-517; 2 pp. of ref.

Delisle J; Royer L, 1994. Changes in pheromone titer of oblique-banded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana, virgin females as a function of time of day, age, and temperature. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20(1):45-69.

Demougeot S; Vincent C; Coderre D, 1993. EfficacitT des coccinelles contre deux ravageurs dans les vergers quTbTcois. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qc, Canada: Agriculture Canada Research Station, Research Summary, 22:7-8.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Freeman TN, 1958. The Archipinae of North America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, Supplement 7:89 pp.

Gangavalli RR; Aliniazee MT, 1985. Diapause induction in the oblique-banded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): role of photoperiod and temperature. Journal of Insect Physiology, 31(10):831-835

Gangavalli RR; Aliniazee MT, 1985. Temperature requirements for development of the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environmental Entomology, 14(1):17-19

Hardman JM; Gaul SO, 1990. Mixtures of Bacillus thuringiensis and pyrethroids control winter moth (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) in orchards without causing outbreaks of mites. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(3):920-936; 40 ref.

Hill A; Roelfs WL, 1979. Sex pheromone components of the obliquebanded leafroller moth, Choristoneura rosaceana. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 5:3-11.

Huber JT; Eveleigh E; Pollock S; McCarthy P, 1996. The chalcidoid parasitoids and hyperparasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Choristoneura species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in America north of Mexico. Canadian Entomologist, 128(6):1167-1220; 4 pp. of ref.

Hunter MD; McNeil JN, 1997. Host-plant quality influences diapause and voltinism in a polyphagous insect herbivore. Ecology, 78(4):977-986; 3 pp. of ref.

Knight AL; Unruh TR; Christianson BA; Puterka GJ; Gleen DM, 2000. Effects of a kaolin-based particle film on obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 93(3):744-749; 18 ref.

Krombein KV, Hurd PD Jr. , Smith DR, Burks BD, 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Larocque N; Vincent C; BTlanger A; Bourassa JP, 1999. Effects of tansy oil, Tanacetum vulgare L., on the biology of the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25:51-56.

Lawson DS; Nyrop JP; Reissig WH, 1997. Assays with commercially produced Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) to determine suitability for obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) control. Environmental Entomology, 26(3):684-693; 32 ref.

Lawson DS; Reissig WH; Agnello AM; Nyrop JP; Roelofs WL, 1996. Interference with the mate-finding communication system of the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) using synthetic sex pheromones. Environmental Entomology, 25(5):895-905; 3 pp. of ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM, 1996. The effects of application rate and spray volume on efficacy of two formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner var. kurstaki against Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on raspberries. Canadian Entomologist, 128(4):605-612; 18 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM, 1997. Monitoring obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae and adults on raspberries. Environmental Entomology, 26(2):170-177; 17 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM, 1997. Responses of larval Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to a feeding stimulant. Canadian Entomologist, 129(2):363-369; 18 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM, 1999. Feeding stimulant added to Bacillus thuringiensis based insecticides enhances activity against Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 131(4):451-453; 5 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM; Hueppelsheuser T; Cossentine JE; Vincent C, 2001. Choristoneura rosaceana, obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae). In: Mason PJ, Huber JY, eds. Biological control programmes in Canada 1981-2000. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, (in press).

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM; Isman MB, 1995. Effect of temperature on toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis to the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 127(2):271-273; 9 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM; Isman MB, 1995. Susceptibility of different instars of the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(3):610-614; 27 ref.

Li SY; Fitzpatrick SM; Troubridge JT; Sharkey MJ; Barron JR; O'Hara JE, 1999. Parasitoids reared from the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) infesting raspberries. Canadian Entomologist, 131(3):399-404; 14 ref.

Lowery DT; Bellerose S; Smirle MJ; Vincent C; Pilon JG, 1996. Effects of neem on the growth and development of the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79(2):203-209; 19 ref.

Lucarotti CJ; Morin B, 1997. A nuclear polyhedrosis virus from the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 70(2):121-126; 23 ref.

Mackay MR, 1962. Larvae of the North American Tortricinae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, Supplement 28:182 pp.

Madsen HF; Madsen BJ, 1980. Response of four leafroller species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to sex attractants in British Columbia orchards. Canadian Entomologist, 112(4):427-430

Maltais J; Regniere J; Cloutier C; Hebert C; Perry DF, 1989. Seasonal biology of Meteorus trachynotus Vier. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and of its overwintering host Choristoneura rosaceana (Harr.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 121(9):745-756

McGregor R; Hueppelsheuser T; Luczynski A; Henderson D, 1998. Collection and evaluation of Trichogramma species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) as biological controls of the oblique-banded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in raspberries and blueberries. Biological Control, 11(1):38-42; 24 ref.

Metcalf CL; Flint WP; Metcalf RL, 1962. Destructive and useful insects. 4th ed. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill.

O'Hara JE, 1991. Revision of Nearctic species of Actia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae). Canadian Entomologist, 123(4):745-776

O'Hara JE, 1998. Insect Parasitoids of Obliquebanded Leafroller. Ottawa, Ont., Canada: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. World Wide Web page at http://res.agr.ca/ecorc/isbi/pest/oblrpara.htm.

Onstad DW; Reissig WH; Shoemaker CA, 1986. Influence of apple cultivar, tree phenology, and leaf quality on the development and mortality of Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist, 118(2):123-132

Pogue MG, 1985. Parasite complex of Archips argyrospilus, Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Anacampsis innocuella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Wyoming shelterbelts. Entomological News, 96(2):83-86

Poirier LM; Borden JH, 1991. Recognition and avoidance of previously laid egg masses by the oblique-banded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Journal of Insect Behavior, 4(4):501-508

Powell JA, 1964. Biological and taxonomic studies on tortricine moths, with reference to the species in California. Berkeley/Los Angeles, USA: University of California Publications in Entomology/University of California Press, 32.

Pree DJ; Whitty KJ; Pogoda MK; Bittner LA, 2001. Occurrence of resistance to insecticides in populations of the obliquebanded leafroller, from orchards in southern Ontario. Canadian Entomologist, (in press).

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Pronier I, 2000. Etude biologique des interactions entre une nouvelle souche de virus ey son h(te: la tordeuse a bandes obliques (Choristoneura rosaceana, Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Implications dans les perspectives de lutte biologique. PhD thesis. Amiens, France: UniversitT de Picardie Jules Verne.

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Reissig WH, 1978. Biology and control of the obliquebanded leafroller on apples. Journal of Economic Entomology, 71(5):804-809

Reissig WH; Stanley BH; Hebding HE, 1986. Azinphosmethyl resistance and weight-related response of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae to insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology, 79(2):329-333

Schuh J; Mote DG, 1948. The obliquebanded leafroller on red raspberries. Oregon Agriculture Experimental Station Technique Bulletin No. 13.

Smirle MJ; Lowery DT; Zurowski CL, 1996. Influence of neem oil on detoxication enzyme activity in the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 56(3):220-230; 20 ref.

Smirle MJ; Vincent C; Zurowski CL; Rancourt B, 1998. Azinphosmethyl resistance in the obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana: reversion in the absence of selection and relationship to detoxication enzyme activity. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 61(3):183-189; 30 ref.

Smirnoff WA; Burke JM, 1970. A nuclear polyhedrosis of Choristoneura rosaceana. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 16:282-283.

Thomson DR; Angerilli NPD; Vincent C; Gaunce AP, 1991. Evidence for regional differences in the response of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to sex pheromone blends. Environmental Entomology, 20(3):935-938

Vakenti JM; Gaunce AP; Slessor KN; King GGS; Allan SA; Madsen HF; Borden JH, 1988. Sex pheromone components of the oblique-banded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 14(2):605-621

Vincent C; Bostanian NJ, 1988. La protection des vergers de pommiers au QuTbec: Ttat de la question. Naturaliste Canadien (Revue d'Tcologie et de systTmatique), 115:261-276.

Vincent C; Hanley J, 1997. Measure of agreement between experts on apple damage assessment. Phytoprotection, 78(1):11-16; 8 ref.

Vincent C; Mailloux M; Hagley EAC; Reissig WH; Coli WM; Hosmer TA, 1990. Monitoring the codling moth (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae) and the obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with sticky and nonsticky traps. Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(2):434-440

Vincent C; Roy M; Boucher P, 1991. Concomitant monitoring of several lepidopteran species in Quebec apple orchards with pheromone traps. Revue d'entomologie du QuTbec, 36:15-25.

Wilkinson TK; Landis DA; Gut LJ, 2004. Parasitism of obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in commercially managed Michigan apple orchards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(5):1524-1530. http://www.esa.catchword.org

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