Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chaetocnema pulicaria
(corn flea beetle)

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Datasheet

Chaetocnema pulicaria (corn flea beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chaetocnema pulicaria
  • Preferred Common Name
  • corn flea beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult flea beetles on maize leaf.
TitleAdults
CaptionAdult flea beetles on maize leaf.
CopyrightKelly A. Cook/University of Illinois
Adult flea beetles on maize leaf.
AdultsAdult flea beetles on maize leaf.Kelly A. Cook/University of Illinois
Corn flea beetle injury on maize plants.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionCorn flea beetle injury on maize plants.
CopyrightUniversity of Illinois Extension
Corn flea beetle injury on maize plants.
Field symptomsCorn flea beetle injury on maize plants.University of Illinois Extension
Pantoea stewartii (bacterial wilt of maize); sytemic Stewart's wilt on maize plant. The flea-beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria, serves as the primary overwintering host and vector of Pantoea stewartii, the bacterium which causes Stewart's wilt.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionPantoea stewartii (bacterial wilt of maize); sytemic Stewart's wilt on maize plant. The flea-beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria, serves as the primary overwintering host and vector of Pantoea stewartii, the bacterium which causes Stewart's wilt.
Copyright©Jerald K. Pataky
Pantoea stewartii (bacterial wilt of maize); sytemic Stewart's wilt on maize plant. The flea-beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria, serves as the primary overwintering host and vector of Pantoea stewartii, the bacterium which causes Stewart's wilt.
Field symptomsPantoea stewartii (bacterial wilt of maize); sytemic Stewart's wilt on maize plant. The flea-beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria, serves as the primary overwintering host and vector of Pantoea stewartii, the bacterium which causes Stewart's wilt.©Jerald K. Pataky
Yellow sticky trap used for monitoring flea beetles in the field.
TitleSticky trap
CaptionYellow sticky trap used for monitoring flea beetles in the field.
CopyrightKelly A. Cook/University of Illinois
Yellow sticky trap used for monitoring flea beetles in the field.
Sticky trapYellow sticky trap used for monitoring flea beetles in the field.Kelly A. Cook/University of Illinois

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer, 1847

Preferred Common Name

  • corn flea beetle

International Common Names

  • English: flea beetle, corn
  • French: altise du maïs

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Erdfloh, Mais-

EPPO code

  • CHAEPU (Chaetocnema pulicaria)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Chaetocnema
  •                                 Species: Chaetocnema pulicaria

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

BelizePresentKovarik et al. (2003)
CanadaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2003)
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon. (2003)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresentFlanders (2002)
-ArkansasPresentJohnson et al. (2003)
-ColoradoPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI (Undated b)
-DelawarePresentUSDA (2001)
-FloridaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-GeorgiaPresentDaly and Buntin (2005)
-IllinoisPresentForbes (1894); USDA (2001); Cook (2003)
-IndianaPresentDill (1979); CABI (Undated)
-IowaPresentEsker (2001); USDA (2001)
-KansasPresentLingafelter (1998); USDA (2001)
-KentuckyPresentBessin (2001); USDA (2001)
-MarylandPresentUSDA (2001)
-MinnesotaPresentUSDA (2001); Hines and Hutchinson (2002)
-MississippiPresentUSDA (2001)
-MissouriPresentHall (1978)
-NebraskaPresentUSDA (2001); Stack et al. (2002)
-New JerseyPresentUSDA (2001)
-New MexicoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Foster et al., 1991
-New YorkPresentUSDA (2001); CABI (Undated)
-North CarolinaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OhioPresentUSDA (2001); CABI (Undated)
-OklahomaPresentLingafelter (1998); CABI (Undated)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Calvin, 2002
-Rhode IslandPresentSikes (1999)
-TennesseePresentLingafelter (1998); USDA (2001)
-TexasPresentLingafelter (1998); CABI (Undated)
-UtahPresentLingafelter (1998)
-WashingtonPresentLingafelter (1998)
-West VirginiaPresentUSDA (2001)
-WisconsinPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Anon, 2002

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Roots larvae Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Adams RG; Los LM, 1986. Monitoring adult corn flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in sweet corn fields with color sticky traps. Environmental Entomology, 15(4):867-873

Anon., 2002. Insect Research Collection. University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. http://www.entomology.wisc.edu/irc/ircpage.html.

Anon., 2003. Common diseases of corn in Canada. http://res2.agr.gc.ca/ecorc/corn-mais/diseases-maladies_e.htm.

Arnett RH Jr; Thomas MC; Skelley PE; Frank JH, 2001. American Beetles, Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Cucurlionoidea, Vol. 2. New York, USA: CRC Press.

Ayers JE; MacNab AA; Tetrault RC; Yocum JO, 1979. The influence of selected insecticides on yield and the incidence of Stewart's wilt in sweet corn. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(8):634-638

Bessin R, 2001. Crop Profile for Sweet Corn in Kentucky. Kentucky Pest Management Communication and Information Center, USA. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/KYPIAP/sweetcorn.htm.

Boewe GH, 1949. Late season incidence of Stewart's disease on sweet corn and winter temperatures in Illinois, 1944-1948. Plant Disease Reporter, 33(4):192-194.

Braun EJ, 1982. Ultrastructural investigation of resistant and susceptible maize inbreds infected with Erwinia stewartii. Phytopathology, 72(1):159-166

Calvin D, 2000. Entomological notes: flea beetle. Pennsylvania State University, USA. http://www.ento.pso.edu/extension/factsheets/flea_beetle.htm.

Castor LL; Ayers JE; MacNab AA; Krause RA, 1975. Computerized forecasting system for Stewart's bacterial disease on corn. Plant Disease Reporter, 59(7):533-536

Cook KA, 2003. Season fluctuations in population densities of the corn flea beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria (Melsheimer) (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) and Stewart's wilt in sweet corn. MS Thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Daly T; Buntin GD, 2005. Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic corn for lepidopteran control on nontarget arthropods. Environmental Entomology, 34(5):1292-1301. HTTP://www.esa.catchword.org

Dill JF, 1979. Biology and management of the corn flea beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria (Melsheimer), relative to the incidence of Stewart's disease in corn. PhD Dissertation, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

Downie NM; Arnett RHJr, 1995. The beetles of northeastern North America: Volume 2: Series Bostrichiformia through Curculionoidea. Gainesville, USA: Sandhill Crane Press, Inc., 891-1721.

Eastburn D, 1996. Report on plant disease: Stewart's wilt and blight of sweet corn. Urbana-Champaign, USA: Cooperative Extension Service; University of Illinois, RPD No. 907.

Elliott C; Poos FW, 1940. Seasonal development, insect vectors, and host range of bacterial wilt of sweet corn. Journal of Agricultural Research, 60:645-686.

Esker PD, 2001. Geographical and temporal dynamics of Chaetocnema pulicaria populations and their role in Stewart's disease of corn in Iowa. MS Thesis. Ames, Iowa, USA: Iowa State University.

Esker PD; Harri J; Dixon PM; Nutter FW Jr, 2006. Comparison of models for forecasting of Stewart's disease of corn in Iowa. Plant Disease, 90(10):1353-1357. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Esker PD; Nutter FWJr, 2002. Assessing the risk of Stewart's disease of corn through improved knowledge of the role of the corn flea beetle vector. Phytopathology, 92(6):668-670; 10 ref.

Flanders KL, 2002. Alabama Pest Management Handbook: Corn Insect Pest Management. Alabama Cooperative Extension System/Alabama A&M and Auburn Universities.

Forbes SA, 1894. Noxious and Beneficial Insects of the State of Illinois. Ill. State Ent. Rept. 23.

Foster DE; Ueckert DN; Deloach CS, 1981. Insects associated with broom snakeweed (Xanthocephalum sarothrae) and threadleaf snakeweed (Xanthocephalum microcephala) in west Texas and eastern New Mexico. Journal of Range Management, 34(6):446-454

Freeman ND; Pataky JK, 2001. Levels of Stewart's wilt resistance necessary to prevent reductions in yield of sweet corn hybrids. Plant Disease, 85(12):1278-1284.

Hall DG, 1978. A study of the corn flea beetle Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer. MS Thesis. Columbia, USA: University of Missouri.

Heichel GH; Sands DC; Kring JB, 1977. Seasonal patterns and reduction by carbofuran of Stewart's bacterial wilt of sweet corn. Plant Disease Reporter, 61(3):149-153

Hines RL; Hutchinson WD, 2002. Flea Beetles. Minnesota Extension Service, USA. http://www.vegedge.umn.edu/vegpest/colecrop/flea.htm.

Hoffman MP; Kirkwyland JJ; Davis PM, 1995. Spatial distribution of adult corn flea beetles, Chaetocnema pulicaria, in sweet corn and development of a sampling plan. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(5):1325-1331.

Johnson DR; Studebaker G; McCleod PJ, 2003. Control of Insects in Arkansas Corn. UA Cooperative Extension Service, Arkansas, USA. http://www.aragriculture.org/pestmanagement/insects/corn/default.asp.

Kang MS, 1987. First report of Stewart's wilt of maize in Louisiana. Plant Disease, 71(3):281

Kovarik P; Shuey J; Carlton C, 2003. Entomological survey of Rio Bravo conservation and management area, Belize. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA: Lousiana State Arthropod Museum. http://www.agctr.lsu.edu/Inst/Research/Departments/arthropodmuseum/riobravointro.htm.

Kuhar TP; Stivers-Young LJ; Hoffmann MP; Taylor AG, 2002. Control of corn flea beetle and Stewart's wilt in sweet corn with imidacloprid and thiamethoxam seed treatments. Crop Protection, 21(1):25-31; 25 ref.

Lingafelter S, 1998. National Museum of Natural History Leaf Beetle Database. http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/Coleoptera/chrysom/about.htm.

Metcalf CL; Flint WP; Metcalf RL, 1962. Destructive and useful insects. 4th ed. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill.

Michener PM; Freeman ND; Pataky JK, 2003. Relationships between reactions of sweet corn hybrids to Stewart's wilt and incidence of systemic infection by Erwinia stewartii. Plant Disease, 87(3):223-228.

Munkvold GP; McGee DC; Iles A, 1996. Effects of imidacloprid seed treatment of corn on foliar feeding and Erwinia stewartii transmission by the corn flea beetle. Plant Disease, 80:747-749.

Pataky JK; duToit LJ; Kunkel TE; Schmitt RA, 1996. Severe Stewart's wilt in central Illinois on sweet corn hybrids moderately resistant to Erwinia stewartii. Plant Disease, 80(1):104.

Pataky JK; Headrick JM; Suparyono, 1988. Classification of sweet corn hybrid reactions to common rust, northern leaf blight, Stewart's wilt and Goss' wilt and associated yield reductions. Phytopathology, 78(2):172-178

Pataky JK; Michener PM; Freeman ND; Weinzierl RA; Teyker RH, 2000. Control of Stewart's wilt in sweet corn with seed treatment insecticides. Plant Disease, 84(10):1104-1108.

Pataky JK; Michener PM; Freeman ND; Whalen JM; Hawk JA; Weldekidan T; Teyker RH, 2005. Rates of seed treatment insecticides and control of Stewart's wilt in sweet corn. Plant Disease, 89(3):262-268. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

PEPPER EH, 1967. Stewart's bacterial wilt of Corn. Monographs. American Phytopathology Society, 4:36 pp.

Poos FW, 1939. Host plants harboring Aplanobacter stewarti without showing external symptoms after inoculation by Chaetocnema pulicaria. Journal of Economic Entomology, 32(6):881-882.

Poos FW, 1955. Studies of certain species of Chaetocnema. Journal of Economic Entomology, 48:555-563.

Poos FW; Elliott C, 1936. Certain insect vectors of Aplanobacter stewartii. Journal of Agricultural Research, 52:585-608.

Rand FV; Cash LC, 1921. Stewart's disease of corn. Journal of Agricultural Research, 21(4):263-264.

Rand FV; Cash LC, 1924. Further evidence of insect dissemination of bacterial wilt of corn. Science, 59:67-69.

Rand FV; Cash LC, 1933. Bacterial wilt of corn. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin, 362:1-32.

Ries SM; Pataky JK, 1997. Report on plant disease: Stewart's leaf blight of dent corn. Urbana-Champaign, USA: University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service, RPD No. 120.

Robert AL, 1955. Bacterial wilt and Stewart's leaf blight of corn. USDA Farmer's Bulletin, 2092.

ROBERT ALICE L, 1967. Bacterial wilt and Stewarts leaf blight of Corn. Farmers' Bulletin. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2092. 12 pp.

Sikes DS, 1999. Rhode Island Beetle Fauna. University of Connecticut, USA. http://collections2.eeb.uconn.edu/collections/insects/ribf/ribftitle.html.

Sorenson KA, 1994. Insect note: flea beetles in vegetables. Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, USA. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/vegetables/veg27.html.

Stack J; Chaky J; Giesler L; Wright R, 2002. Stewart's wilt of corn in Nebraska. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA: Cooperation Extension, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. http://www.ianr.unl.edu/pubs/soil/g1462.htm.

Stevens NE, 1934. Stewart's disease in relation to winter temperatures. Plant Disease Reporter, 18:141-149.

Suparyono; Pataky JK, 1989. Influence of host resistance and growth stage at the time of inoculation on Stewart's wilt and Goss's wilt development and sweet corn hybrid yield. Plant Disease, 73(4):339-345

USDA, 2001. USDA Crop Profiles. USDA Pest Management Centers. http://cipm.ncsu.edu/cropprofiles/.

White RE, 1996. A revision of the genus Chaetocnema of America, North of Mexico (Col. Chrys.). Contr. Amer. Entomol. Institute, 29(1):1-156.

Distribution References

Bessin R, 2001. Crop Profile for Sweet Corn in Kentucky., USA: Kentucky Pest Management Communication and Information Center. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/KYPIAP/sweetcorn.htm

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cook KA, 2003. Season fluctuations in population densities of the corn flea beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria (Melsheimer) (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) and Stewart's wilt in sweet corn. MS Thesis., Urbana, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois.

Daly T, Buntin G D, 2005. Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic corn for lepidopteran control on nontarget arthropods. Environmental Entomology. 34 (5), 1292-1301. HTTP://www.esa.catchword.org DOI:10.1603/0046-225X(2005)034[1292:EOBTTC]2.0.CO;2

Dill JF, 1979. Biology and management of the corn flea beetle, Chaetocnema pulicaria (Melsheimer), relative to the incidence of Stewart's disease in corn. PhD Dissertation., West Lafayette, Indiana, USA: Purdue University.

Esker PD, 2001. Geographical and temporal dynamics of Chaetocnema pulicaria populations and their role in Stewart's disease of corn in Iowa. MS Thesis., Ames, Iowa, USA: Iowa State University.

Flanders KL, 2002. Alabama Pest Management Handbook: Corn Insect Pest Management., Alabama Cooperative Extension System/Alabama A&M and Auburn Universities.

Forbes S A, 1894. Noxious and Beneficial Insects of the State of Illinois. In: Ill. State Ent. Rept.

Hall DG, 1978. A study of the corn flea beetle Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsheimer., Columbia, USA: University of Missouri.

Hines RL, Hutchinson WD, 2002. Flea Beetles., USA: Minnesota Extension Service. http://www.vegedge.umn.edu/vegpest/colecrop/flea.htm

Johnson DR, Studebaker G, McCleod PJ, 2003. Control of Insects in Arkansas Corn., Arkansas, USA: UA Cooperative Extension Service. http://www.aragriculture.org/pestmanagement/insects/corn/default.asp

Kovarik P, Shuey J, Carlton C, 2003. Entomological survey of Rio Bravo conservation and management area, Belize., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA: Lousiana State Arthropod Museum. http://www.agctr.lsu.edu/Inst/Research/Departments/arthropodmuseum/riobravointro.htm

Lingafelter S, 1998. National Museum of Natural History Leaf Beetle Database., http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/Coleoptera/chrysom/about.htm

Sikes DS, 1999. Rhode Island Beetle Fauna., USA: University of Connecticut. http://collections2.eeb.uconn.edu/collections/insects/ribf/ribftitle.html

Stack J, Chaky J, Giesler L, Wright R, 2002. Stewart's wilt of corn in Nebraska. In: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA: Cooperation Extension, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. http://www.ianr.unl.edu/pubs/soil/g1462.htm

USDA, 2001. USDA Crop Profiles. In: USDA Pest Management Centers, http://cipm.ncsu.edu/cropprofiles/

Distribution Maps

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