Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cerotoma trifurcata
(bean leaf beetle)

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Datasheet

Cerotoma trifurcata (bean leaf beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cerotoma trifurcata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bean leaf beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. trifurcata adults are small (ca 5 mm long). The most common wing cover coloration is light yellow, with four black spots and marginal stripes. The eggs are orange and spindle-shaped.
TitleFemale and eggs
CaptionC. trifurcata adults are small (ca 5 mm long). The most common wing cover coloration is light yellow, with four black spots and marginal stripes. The eggs are orange and spindle-shaped.
CopyrightLarry P. Pedigo
C. trifurcata adults are small (ca 5 mm long). The most common wing cover coloration is light yellow, with four black spots and marginal stripes. The eggs are orange and spindle-shaped.
Female and eggsC. trifurcata adults are small (ca 5 mm long). The most common wing cover coloration is light yellow, with four black spots and marginal stripes. The eggs are orange and spindle-shaped.Larry P. Pedigo
Soyabean leaf showing C. trifurcata defoliation.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean leaves
CaptionSoyabean leaf showing C. trifurcata defoliation.
CopyrightLarry P. Pedigo
Soyabean leaf showing C. trifurcata defoliation.
Symptoms on soyabean leavesSoyabean leaf showing C. trifurcata defoliation.Larry P. Pedigo
Defoliation of soyabean seedlings by C. trifurcata adults.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean seedlings
CaptionDefoliation of soyabean seedlings by C. trifurcata adults.
CopyrightLarry P. Pedigo
Defoliation of soyabean seedlings by C. trifurcata adults.
Symptoms on soyabean seedlingsDefoliation of soyabean seedlings by C. trifurcata adults.Larry P. Pedigo
Soyabean pod injury caused by adult C. trifurcata.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean pods
CaptionSoyabean pod injury caused by adult C. trifurcata.
CopyrightLarry P. Pedigo
Soyabean pod injury caused by adult C. trifurcata.
Symptoms on soyabean podsSoyabean pod injury caused by adult C. trifurcata.Larry P. Pedigo
Shrivelled seed in soyabean pod resulting from C. trifurcata feeding on the pod surface.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean seeds
CaptionShrivelled seed in soyabean pod resulting from C. trifurcata feeding on the pod surface.
CopyrightLarry P. Pedigo
Shrivelled seed in soyabean pod resulting from C. trifurcata feeding on the pod surface.
Symptoms on soyabean seedsShrivelled seed in soyabean pod resulting from C. trifurcata feeding on the pod surface.Larry P. Pedigo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cerotoma trifurcata Forster

Preferred Common Name

  • bean leaf beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Cerotoma caminea Fabricius

International Common Names

  • English: leaf beetle, bean
  • French: chrysomèle de la feuille du haricot; chrysomèle du haricot; chrysomèle du haricot

EPPO code

  • CERMTR (Cerotoma trifurcata)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Cerotoma
  •                                 Species: Cerotoma trifurcata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresent, Widespread
-ArkansasPresent, Widespread
-FloridaPresent, Localized
-GeorgiaPresent, Widespread
-IllinoisPresent, Widespread
-IndianaPresent, Widespread
-IowaPresent, Widespread
-KentuckyPresent, Widespread
-LouisianaPresent, Widespread
-MarylandPresent, Widespread
-MichiganPresent, Widespread
-MinnesotaPresent, Localized
-MississippiPresent, Widespread
-MissouriPresent, Widespread
-NebraskaPresent, Widespread
-North CarolinaPresent, Widespread
-North DakotaPresent
-OhioPresent, Widespread
-OklahomaPresent, Localized
-South CarolinaPresent, Widespread
-South DakotaPresent, Localized
-TennesseePresent, Widespread
-TexasPresent, Localized
-VirginiaPresent, Widespread
-West VirginiaPresent, Widespread
-WisconsinPresent, Widespread

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / lesions: on pods
Growing point / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / stubby roots
Seeds / shrivelled
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Adults
Celatoria diabroticae Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Medina Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults
Strongygaster triangulifera Parasite Arthropods|Larvae; Arthropods|Pupae
Trombidium hyperi Parasite Adults
Trombidium newelli Parasite Adults

References

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Booth RG, Cox ML, Madge RB, 1990. IIE guides to insects of importance to man. 3. Coleoptera. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Boving AG, 1930. Description of the larva of Cerotoma trifurcata Forster (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 32:51-58.

Chitten FH, 1897. The bean leaf-beetle (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.). US Department of Agriculture Entomology Bulletin (New Series), 9:64-71.

Eddy CO, Nettles WC, 1930. The bean leaf beetle. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 265.

Giesler LJ, Ghabrial SA, Hunt TE, Hill JH, 2002. Bean pod mottle virus: a threat to U.S. soybean production. Plant Disease, 86(12):1280-1289; 101 ref.

Hadi BAR, Bradshaw JD, Rice ME, Hill JH, 2012. Bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and bean pod mottle virus in soybean: biology, ecology, and management. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 3(1):B1-B7. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jipm/2012/00000003/00000001/art00002

Hammond RB, Higgins RA, Mack T, Pedigo LP, Bechinski EJ, 1991. Soybean pest management. In: Pimentel D, ed. Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture. Vol. 3. 2nd edition. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 749 pp.

Helm CG, Jeffords MR, Post SL, Kogan M, 1983. Spring feeding activity of overwintered bean leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on nonleguminous hosts. Environmental Entomology, 12(2):321-322; [1 fig.]; 9 ref.

Hesler, L. S., 2014. First record of soybean as a host plant of a subspecies of the eastern tailed-blue, Cupido comyntas comyntas (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Insecta Mundi, (No.0330), 1-5. http://centerforsystematicentomology.org/default.asp?action=show_pubs&id=insecta

Hunt TE, Higley LG, Witkowski JF, 1995. Bean leaf beetle injury to seedling soybean: consumption, effects of leaf expansion, and economic injury levels. Agronomy Journal, 87(2):183-188

Isely D, 1930. The biology of the bean leaf beetle. Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 248. Fayetteville, USA: College of Agriculture, University of Arkansas, 20 pp.

Koch RL, Porter PM, Harbur MM, Abrahamson MD, Wyckhuys KAG, Ragsdale DW, Buckman K, Sezen Z, Heimpel GE, 2012. Response of soybean insects to an autumn-seeded rye cover crop. Environmental Entomology, 41(4):750-760. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/envent/2012/00000041/00000004/art00002

Kogan M, Waldbauer GP, Boiteau G, Eastman CE, 1980. Sampling bean leaf beetles on soybean. In: Kogan M, Herzog DC, eds. Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 201-236.

Krell RK, Pedigo LP, Hill JH, Rice ME, 2003. Potential primary inoculum sources of bean pod mottle virus in Iowa. Plant Disease, 87(12):1416-1422.

Krell RK, Pedigo LP, Rice ME, Westgate ME, Hill JH, 2005. Using planting date to manage bean pod mottle virus in soybean. Crop Protection, 24(10):909-914.

Layton MB, 1983. The effects of feeding by bean leaf beetle larvae, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster), on nodulation and nitrogen fixation of soybeans. MSc thesis. Baton Rouge, USA: Lousiana State University.

Mabry, T. R., Hobbs, H. A., Steinlage, T. A., Johnson, B. B., Pedersen, W. L., Spencer, J. L., Levine, E., Isard, S. A., Domier, L. L., Hartman, G. L., 2003. Distribution of leaf-feeding beetles and bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) in Illinois and transmission of BPMV in soybean. Plant Disease, 87(10), 1221-1225. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.10.1221

Musser FR, Knighten KS, Smith JF, Catchot AL, 2012. Pyrethroid insecticide tolerance in bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata, in the Mississippi Delta. Pest Management Science, 68(4):658-662. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.2314/full

Newsom LD, Dunigan EP, Eastman CE, Hutchinson RL, McPherson RM, 1978. Insect injury reduces nitrogen fixation in soybeans. Louisianan Agriculture, 21:15-16.

Payah WS, Boethel DJ, 1986. Impact of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin on survival of overwintering bean leaf beetles, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster), (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 102(3):295-303

Pedigo LP, 1992. Integrating preventive and therapeutic tactics in soybean insect management. In: Copping LG, Green MB, Reese RT, eds. Pest Management in Soybean. London, UK: Elsevier, 10-19.

Pedigo LP, 1994. Bean leaf beetle. In: Highley LG, Beotel DJ, eds. Handbook of Soybean Insect Pests. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Entomological Society of America, 42-44.

Pedigo LP, Higgins RA, Hammond RB, Bechinski EJ, 1981. Soybean pest management. In: David Pimentel, ed. Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture Vol. III. Florida, USA: CRC Press, 417-537.

Pedigo LP, Zeiss MR, 1996. Effect of osybean planting date on bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) abundance and pod injury. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89:183-188.

Pedigo LP, Zeiss MR, Rice ME, 1990. Biology and management of the bean leaf beetle in soybean. Proceedings 1990 Crop Production and Protection Conference, Dec. 18-19. Ames, USA: Iowa Sate University, 109-117.

Peterson RKD, Smelser RB, Klubertanz TH, Pedigo LP, Welbourn WC, 1992. Ectoparasitism of the bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) by Trombidium hyperi Vercammen-Grandjean, Van Driesche, and Gyrisco and Trombidium newelli Welbourn and Flessel (Acari: Trombidiidae). Journal of Agricultural Entomology, 9(2):99-107

Rice ME, Pedigo LP, 1994. Integrated pest management of the bean leaf beetle. Iowa State University Extension Publication, IPM-38. Iowa, USA: Iowa State University, 6 pp.

Shortt BJ, Sinclair JB, Helm CG, Jeffords MR, Kogan M, 1982. Soybean seed quality losses associated with bean leaf beetles and Alternaria tenuissima. Phytopathology, 72(6):615-618

Sikora, E. J., Murphy, J. F., 2005. First report of bean pod mottle virus in soybean in Alabama. Plant Disease, 89(1), 108. doi: 10.1094/PD-89-0108B

Smelser RB, Pedigo LP, 1992. Bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) herbivory on leaf, stem, and pod components of soybean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(6):2408-2412; 11 ref.

Sundararaman, V. P., Strömvik, M. V., Vodkin, L. O., 2000. A putative defective interfering RNA from Bean pod mottle virus. Plant Disease, 84(12), 1309-1313. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.12.1309

Walters HJ, 1969. Beetle transmission of plant viruses. Advances in Virus Research, 15:339-363.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Hammond RB, Higgins RA, Mack T, Pedigo LP, Bechinski EJ, 1991. Soybean pest management. In: Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture, 3 (2nd) [ed. by Pimentel D]. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. 749 pp.

Hesler L S, 2014. First record of soybean as a host plant of a subspecies of the eastern tailed-blue, Cupido comyntas comyntas (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Insecta Mundi. 1-5. http://centerforsystematicentomology.org/default.asp?action=show_pubs&id=insecta

Krell R K, Pedigo L P, Hill J H, Rice M E, 2003. Potential primary inoculum sources of bean pod mottle virus in Iowa. Plant Disease. 87 (12), 1416-1422. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.12.1416

Mabry T R, Hobbs H A, Steinlage T A, Johnson B B, Pedersen W L, Spencer J L, Levine E, Isard S A, Domier L L, Hartman G L, 2003. Distribution of leaf-feeding beetles and bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) in Illinois and transmission of BPMV in soybean. Plant Disease. 87 (10), 1221-1225. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.10.1221

Pedigo LP, 1994. Bean leaf beetle. In: Handbook of Soybean Insect Pests, [ed. by Highley LG, Beotel DJ]. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Entomological Society of America. 42-44.

Sikora E J, Murphy J F, 2005. First report of bean pod mottle virus in soybean in Alabama. Plant Disease. 89 (1), 108. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0108B

Sundararaman V P, Strömvik M V, Vodkin L O, 2000. A putative defective interfering RNA from Bean pod mottle virus. Plant Disease. 84 (12), 1309-1313. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.12.1309

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