Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

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Datasheet

acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Animal Disease
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease
  • Overview
  • Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), initially referred to as early mortality syndrome (EMS), is a shrimp disease caused by some pathogenic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (...

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    UK
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

International Common Names

  • English: early mortality syndrome

English acronym

  • AHPND
  • EMS

Overview

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Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), initially referred to as early mortality syndrome (EMS), is a shrimp disease caused by some pathogenic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Tran et al. 2013; Yang et al., 2014; Kongrueng et al., 2015) and likely some pathogenic strains of other Vibrio species in the Vibrio harveyi group (Kondo et al., 2015; Liu et al., 2015). AHPND emerged as a new disease in 2009; it has resulted in severe mortality in farmed penaeid shrimp and significant economic losses in Southeast Asia and Mexico (Chonsin et al., 2016). AHPND most frequently occurs within the first 30 days after stocking a newly prepared shrimp pond. Infected shrimp show lethargy, slow growth, an empty stomach and midgut and a pale to white atrophied hepatopancreas (Tran et al. 2013).

Hosts/Species Affected

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AHPND has been reported from farmed populations of Litopenaeus vannamei (Peña et al., 2015; Chonsin et al., 2016) and Penaeus monodon (Tran et al. 2013; Peña et al., 2015).

Distribution

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AHPND has caused severe mortalities in farmed penaeid shrimp throughout Southeast Asia and Mexico (Han et al., 2015). Countries reporting AHPND include China (Yang et al., 2014), Vietnam (Kondo et al., 2015), Thailand (Kongrueng et al., 2015; Chonsin et al., 2016), the Philippines (Peña et al., 2015) and Mexico (Nunan et al., 2014; Soto-Rodriguez et al., 2015).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 15 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
BotswanaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
ComorosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
EgyptAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Guinea-BissauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LesothoAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
LibyaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
MauritiusAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MoroccoAbsentJan-Jun-2020
NamibiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
NigeriaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Saint HelenaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
SeychellesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
South AfricaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SudanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
TunisiaAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Asia

AfghanistanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ArmeniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
AzerbaijanAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BangladeshAbsentJul-Dec-2020
BruneiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChinaPresent
GeorgiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
IndiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
IndonesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
IranAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
IraqAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IsraelAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
JapanPresent, LocalizedJul-Dec-2020
KuwaitAbsentJan-Jun-2019
MaldivesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
MongoliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MyanmarAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PakistanAbsentJan-Jun-2020
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SingaporeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
South KoreaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
TaiwanPresentJan-Jun-2019
ThailandPresent
TurkmenistanAbsentJan-Jun-2019
United Arab EmiratesAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
VietnamPresent

Europe

AndorraAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CroatiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CyprusAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
CzechiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
DenmarkAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
EstoniaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
Faroe IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2018
FinlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
FranceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreeceAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
HungaryAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IcelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
IrelandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ItalyAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LatviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
LiechtensteinAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
LithuaniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
MaltaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MoldovaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
MontenegroAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NetherlandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
North MacedoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
NorwayAbsentJul-Dec-2019
PolandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PortugalAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SerbiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SloveniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
SpainAbsentJul-Dec-2020
SwedenAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
SwitzerlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
UkraineAbsentJan-Jun-2019
United KingdomAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019

North America

BahamasAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
BarbadosAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
CanadaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
CubaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
El SalvadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
GreenlandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
GuadeloupeAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
JamaicaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
MexicoPresent
NicaraguaAbsentJul-Dec-2019
United StatesAbsentJul-Dec-2019

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
Cook IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Federated States of MicronesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
FijiAbsentJan-Jun-2019
French PolynesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
KiribatiAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Marshall IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
New CaledoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
New ZealandAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
PalauAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Papua New GuineaAbsentJan-Jun-2019
SamoaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
TongaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2020
VanuatuAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

South America

ArgentinaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
BoliviaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
BrazilAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ChileAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
ColombiaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
EcuadorAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019
Falkland IslandsAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2018
French GuianaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
ParaguayAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2020
PeruAbsent, No presence record(s)Jul-Dec-2019
UruguayAbsentJul-Dec-2020
VenezuelaAbsent, No presence record(s)Jan-Jun-2019

References

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Chonsin K; Matsuda S; Theethakaew C; Kodama T; Junjhon J; Suzuki Y; Suthienkul O; Iida T, 2016. Genetic diversity of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from farmed Pacific white shrimp and ambient pond water affected by acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease outbreak in Thailand. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 363(2):fnv222. http://femsle.oxfordjournals.org/content/363/2/fnv222.abstract

Han JE; Tang KFJ; Lightner DV, 2015. Genotyping of virulence plasmid from Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates causing acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in shrimp. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 115(3):245-251. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v115/n3/p245-251/

Kondo H; Phan Thi Van; Dang LT; Hirono I, 2015. Draft genome sequence of non-Vibrio parahaemolyticus acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease strain KC13.17.5, isolated from diseased shrimp in Vietnam. Genome Announcements, 3(5):e00978-15. http://genomea.asm.org/content/3/5/e00978-15.full

Kongrueng J; Yingkajorn M; Bunpa S; Sermwittayawong N; Singkhamanan K; Vuddhakul V, 2015. Characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus causing acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in southern Thailand. Journal of Fish Diseases, 38(11):957-966. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2761

Liu LiYuan; Xiao JinZhou; Xia XiaoMing; Pan YingJie; Yan ShuLing; Wang YongJie, 2015. Draft genome sequence of Vibrio owensii strain SH-14, which causes shrimp acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease. Genome Announcements, 3(6):e01395-15. http://genomea.asm.org/content/3/6/e01395-15.full

Nunan L; Lightner D; Pantoja C; Gomez-Jimenez S, 2014. Detection of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in Mexico. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 111(1):81-86. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v111/n1/p81-86/

Peña LDde la; Cabillon NAR; Catedral DD; Amar EC; Usero RC; Monotilla WD; Calpe AT; Fernandez DDG; Saloma CP, 2015. Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) outbreaks in Penaeus vannamei and P. monodon cultured in the Philippines. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 116(3):251-254. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v116/n3/p251-254/

Soto-Rodriguez SA; Gomez-Gil B; Lozano-Olvera R; Betancourt-Lozano M; Morales-Covarrubias MS, 2015. Field and experimental evidence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus as the causative agent of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease of cultured shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in northwestern Mexico. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81(5):1689-1699. http://aem.asm.org/content/81/5/1689.abstract

Tran L; Nunan L; Redman RM; Mohney LL; Pantoja CR; Fitzsimmons K; Lightner DV, 2013. Determination of the infectious nature of the agent of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis syndrome affecting penaeid shrimp. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 105(1):45-55. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v105/n1/p45-55/

Yang YiTing; Chen ITung; Lee ChungTe; Chen ChienYu; Lin ShihShun; Hor LienI; Tseng TaChien; Huang YunTzu; Sritunyalucksana K; Thitamadee S; Wang HanChing; Lo ChuFang, 2014. Draft genome sequences of four strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, three of which cause early mortality syndrome/acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in shrimp in China and Thailand. Genome Announcements, 2(5):e00816-14. http://genomea.asm.org/content/2/5/e00816-14.full

Distribution References

Chonsin K, Matsuda S, Theethakaew C, Kodama T, Junjhon J, Suzuki Y, Suthienkul O, Iida T, 2016. Genetic diversity of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from farmed Pacific white shrimp and ambient pond water affected by acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease outbreak in Thailand. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 363 (2), fnv222. http://femsle.oxfordjournals.org/content/363/2/fnv222.abstract

Kondo H, Phan Thi Van, Dang L T, Hirono I, 2015. Draft genome sequence of non-Vibrio parahaemolyticus acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease strain KC13.17.5, isolated from diseased shrimp in Vietnam. Genome Announcements. 3 (5), e00978-15. http://genomea.asm.org/content/3/5/e00978-15.full

Kongrueng J, Yingkajorn M, Bunpa S, Sermwittayawong N, Singkhamanan K, Vuddhakul V, 2015. Characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus causing acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in southern Thailand. Journal of Fish Diseases. 38 (11), 957-966. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2761 DOI:10.1111/jfd.12308

Nunan L, Lightner D, Pantoja C, Gomez-Jimenez S, 2014. Detection of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in Mexico. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 111 (1), 81-86. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v111/n1/p81-86/ DOI:10.3354/dao02776

OIE, 2018. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2018a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int

OIE, 2019. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2019a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS): Jul-Dec. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

OIE, 2020a. World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). Jan-Jun. In: OIE-WAHIS Platform, Paris, France: OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health). unpaginated. https://wahis.oie.int/

Peña L D de la, Cabillon N A R, Catedral D D, Amar E C, Usero R C, Monotilla W D, Calpe A T, Fernandez D D G, Saloma C P, 2015. Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) outbreaks in Penaeus vannamei and P. monodon cultured in the Philippines. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 116 (3), 251-254. http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/dao/v116/n3/p251-254/ DOI:10.3354/dao02919

Soto-Rodriguez S A, Gomez-Gil B, Lozano-Olvera R, Betancourt-Lozano M, Morales-Covarrubias M S, 2015. Field and experimental evidence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus as the causative agent of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease of cultured shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in northwestern Mexico. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 81 (5), 1689-1699. http://aem.asm.org/content/81/5/1689.abstract DOI:10.1128/AEM.03610-14

Yang YiTing, Chen ITung, Lee ChungTe, Chen ChienYu, Lin ShihShun, Hor LienI, Tseng TaChien, Huang YunTzu, Sritunyalucksana K, Thitamadee S, Wang HanChing, Lo ChuFang, 2014. Draft genome sequences of four strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, three of which cause early mortality syndrome/acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in shrimp in China and Thailand. Genome Announcements. 2 (5), e00816-14. http://genomea.asm.org/content/2/5/e00816-14.full

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