Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ceratocystis fagacearum
(oak wilt)

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Datasheet

Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ceratocystis fagacearum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • oak wilt
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Large yard tree killed by oak wilt. Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Large yard tree killed by oak wilt. Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA.
Copyright©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Large yard tree killed by oak wilt. Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Large yard tree killed by oak wilt. Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA.©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Red oak with oak wilt, shedding leaves and marked for removal. Minnesota, USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Red oak with oak wilt, shedding leaves and marked for removal. Minnesota, USA.
Copyright©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Red oak with oak wilt, shedding leaves and marked for removal. Minnesota, USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Red oak with oak wilt, shedding leaves and marked for removal. Minnesota, USA.©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); early symptoms on northern red oak (Quercus rubra). USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); early symptoms on northern red oak (Quercus rubra). USA.
Copyright©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); early symptoms on northern red oak (Quercus rubra). USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); early symptoms on northern red oak (Quercus rubra). USA.©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms on individual leaves. USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms on individual leaves. USA.
Copyright©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms on individual leaves. USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms on individual leaves. USA.©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal necrosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal necrosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
Copyright©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal necrosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal necrosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal chlorosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal chlorosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
Copyright©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal chlorosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Interveinal chlorosis on Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis). USA.©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Infected leaves of live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Infected leaves of live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
Copyright©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Infected leaves of live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Infected leaves of live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.©Ronald F. Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Vertical cracks in a northern red oak (Quercus rubra) killed by oak wilt, indicating the presence of spore mats under the bark. USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Vertical cracks in a northern red oak (Quercus rubra) killed by oak wilt, indicating the presence of spore mats under the bark. USA.
Copyright©Joseph OBrien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Vertical cracks in a northern red oak (Quercus rubra) killed by oak wilt, indicating the presence of spore mats under the bark. USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Vertical cracks in a northern red oak (Quercus rubra) killed by oak wilt, indicating the presence of spore mats under the bark. USA.©Joseph OBrien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Dark streaking on wood of oak branch. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Dark streaking on wood of oak branch. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Copyright©Sandra Jensen/Cornell University/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Dark streaking on wood of oak branch. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
SymptomsCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); symptoms. Dark streaking on wood of oak branch. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.©Sandra Jensen/Cornell University/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); disease transmission is mainly through root grafts (arrowed), as here in a live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
TitleDisease transmission
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); disease transmission is mainly through root grafts (arrowed), as here in a live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
Copyright©James Solomon/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); disease transmission is mainly through root grafts (arrowed), as here in a live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.
Disease transmissionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); disease transmission is mainly through root grafts (arrowed), as here in a live oak (Quercus virginiana). USA.©James Solomon/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); asexual spore - conidia from culture showing chains of spores. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
TitleAsexual spore
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); asexual spore - conidia from culture showing chains of spores. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Copyright©Sandra Jensen/Cornell University/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); asexual spore - conidia from culture showing chains of spores. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Asexual sporeCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); asexual spore - conidia from culture showing chains of spores. Laboratory-Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.©Sandra Jensen/Cornell University/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); sexual spore, spore mat. USA
TitleSexual spore, spore mat
CaptionCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); sexual spore, spore mat. USA
Copyright©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Ceratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); sexual spore, spore mat. USA
Sexual spore, spore matCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt); sexual spore, spore mat. USA©Joseph O'Brien/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ceratocystis fagacearum (Bretz) Hunt

Preferred Common Name

  • oak wilt

Other Scientific Names

  • Chalara quercina Henry
  • Endoconidiophora fagacearum Bretz

International Common Names

  • English: wilt of oak; wilt: oak
  • Spanish: marchitez de la encina; marchitez del roble
  • French: fletrissement du chene; flétrissement du chêne

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Amerikanische: Eiche Welke; Welke: Eiche

EPPO code

  • CERAFA (Ceratocystis fagacearum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Microascales
  •                             Family: Ceratocystidaceae
  •                                 Genus: Ceratocystis
  •                                     Species: Ceratocystis fagacearum

Distribution

Top of page See also CABI/EPPO (1998, No. 180).

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

North America

USARestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-AlabamaPresentEPPO, 2014
-ArkansasPresentEPPO, 2014
-IllinoisPresentEPPO, 2014
-IndianaPresentEPPO, 2014
-IowaPresentEPPO, 2014
-KansasPresentEPPO, 2014
-KentuckyPresentEPPO, 2014
-LouisianaPresentEPPO, 2014
-MarylandPresentEPPO, 2014
-MichiganPresentEPPO, 2014
-MinnesotaPresentEPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentEPPO, 2014
-MissouriPresentEPPO, 2014
-NebraskaPresentEPPO, 2014
-New YorkPresentEPPO, 2014
-North CarolinaPresentEPPO, 2014
-OhioPresentEPPO, 2014
-OklahomaPresentEPPO, 2014
-PennsylvaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
-South CarolinaPresentEPPO, 2014
-South DakotaPresentEPPO, 2014
-TennesseePresentEPPO, 2014
-TexasWidespreadEPPO, 2014
-VirginiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-West VirginiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-WisconsinPresentEPPO, 2014

Europe

BulgariaAbsent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
LithuaniaAbsent, confirmed by surveyIPPC, 2016
NetherlandsAbsent, confirmed by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands, 2013; EPPO, 2014
PolandAbsent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
RomaniaAbsent, invalid recordEPPO, 2014
SpainUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Trichoderma harzianum Antagonist Poland

References

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CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

IPPC, 2016. Information on Pest Status in the Republic of Lithuania in 2015. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. LTU-01/2. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/

Distribution Maps

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