Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ceratonia siliqua
(carob)

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Datasheet

Ceratonia siliqua (carob)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ceratonia siliqua
  • Preferred Common Name
  • carob
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Host of pest
  • Landscape improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Habit. Shivta archaeological site, southern Israel. April 2014.
TitleHabit
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Habit. Shivta archaeological site, southern Israel. April 2014.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by Mark A. Wilson/via Wikimedia Commons - CC0 1.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Habit. Shivta archaeological site, southern Israel. April 2014.
HabitCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Habit. Shivta archaeological site, southern Israel. April 2014.Public Domain - Released by Mark A. Wilson/via Wikimedia Commons - CC0 1.0
Small, bushy example of C. siliqua
TitleTree habit
CaptionSmall, bushy example of C. siliqua
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Small, bushy example of C. siliqua
Tree habitSmall, bushy example of C. siliqua©K.M. Siddiqui
C. siliqua tree habit.
TitleTree habit
CaptionC. siliqua tree habit.
Copyright©Paolo Pallicca
C. siliqua tree habit.
Tree habitC. siliqua tree habit. ©Paolo Pallicca
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Foliage. Athens, Greece. April 2018.
TitleFoliage
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Foliage. Athens, Greece. April 2018.
Copyright©Emőke Dénes/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Foliage. Athens, Greece. April 2018.
FoliageCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Foliage. Athens, Greece. April 2018.©Emőke Dénes/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Branch and flowers of C. siliqua.
TitleBranch with flowers
CaptionBranch and flowers of C. siliqua.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Branch and flowers of C. siliqua.
Branch with flowersBranch and flowers of C. siliqua.©K.M. Siddiqui
Leaves of C. siliqua.
TitleLeaves
CaptionLeaves of C. siliqua.
Copyright©Paolo Pallicca
Leaves of C. siliqua.
LeavesLeaves of C. siliqua.©Paolo Pallicca
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
TitleImmature beans
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
Copyright©Zeynel Cebeci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
Immature beansCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.©Zeynel Cebeci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
TitleImmature beans
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
Copyright©Zeynel Cebeci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.
Immature beansCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Ripening beans. Kayacı, Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey. July 2014.©Zeynel Cebeci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Mature beanpods. Pla de Sant Jordi, Mallorca. December 2002.
TitleMature beanpods
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Mature beanpods. Pla de Sant Jordi, Mallorca. December 2002.
Copyright©Chixoy/via WIkimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Mature beanpods. Pla de Sant Jordi, Mallorca. December 2002.
Mature beanpodsCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Mature beanpods. Pla de Sant Jordi, Mallorca. December 2002.©Chixoy/via WIkimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Opened beanpod with seeds. Malaga, Spain. November 2014.
TitleOpened beanpod with seeds
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Opened beanpod with seeds. Malaga, Spain. November 2014.
Copyright©Daniel Capilla/via inaturalist - CC BY-SA 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Opened beanpod with seeds. Malaga, Spain. November 2014.
Opened beanpod with seedsCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Opened beanpod with seeds. Malaga, Spain. November 2014.©Daniel Capilla/via inaturalist - CC BY-SA 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Male flowers. Nerja, Andalusia Spain. September 2015.
TitleMale flowers
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Male flowers. Nerja, Andalusia Spain. September 2015.
Copyright©Lies Van Rompaey/via inaturalist - CC BY 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Male flowers. Nerja, Andalusia Spain. September 2015.
Male flowersCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Male flowers. Nerja, Andalusia Spain. September 2015.©Lies Van Rompaey/via inaturalist - CC BY 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Female flowers. Alicante, Spain. October 2016.
TitleFemale flowers
CaptionCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Female flowers. Alicante, Spain. October 2016.
Copyright©Nick Goldwater/via inaturalist - CC BY 4.0
Ceratonia siliqua (locust bean); Female flowers. Alicante, Spain. October 2016.
Female flowersCeratonia siliqua (locust bean); Female flowers. Alicante, Spain. October 2016.©Nick Goldwater/via inaturalist - CC BY 4.0
Entire seedling of C. siliqua
TitleSeedling
CaptionEntire seedling of C. siliqua
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Entire seedling of C. siliqua
SeedlingEntire seedling of C. siliqua©K.M. Siddiqui

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ceratonia siliqua Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • carob

International Common Names

  • English: carob tree; locust bean; locust tree; St. John's bread
  • Spanish: algarrobera; algarrobo; European algarrobo; garrofero
  • French: caroube; caroubier; caroubier commun
  • Arabic: al-kharoubah
  • Portuguese: alfarrobeira

Local Common Names

  • Argentina: algarrobo
  • Brazil: figueira-de-pythagoras; figueira-do-egito
  • Germany: Johannis Brotbaum; Johannisbrotbaum; Johannisbrotbraum; Karoben Baum
  • India: kharnub
  • Italy: carrubo
  • Turkey: keciboynuzu agaci

EPPO code

  • CEQSI (Ceratonia siliqua)

Trade name

  • algarrobin
  • carob tree
  • chocar
  • locust bean

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
  •                                 Genus: Ceratonia
  •                                     Species: Ceratonia siliqua

Plant Type

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Seed propagated
Tree
Vegetatively propagated

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Host of pest
  • Landscape improvement
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Food additive
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Materials

  • Alcohol
  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Gums
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Ornamental

  • Christmas tree
  • Cut flower
  • garden plant
  • Potted plant
  • Propagation material
  • Seed trade

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Furniture

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • For light construction

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Marquetry
  • Tool handles
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings