Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ceiba pentandra
(kapok)

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Datasheet

Ceiba pentandra (kapok)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ceiba pentandra
  • Preferred Common Name
  • kapok
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. pentandra showing seed capsules (Choluteca, Honduras).
TitleMature tree
CaptionC. pentandra showing seed capsules (Choluteca, Honduras).
CopyrightDavid Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
C. pentandra showing seed capsules (Choluteca, Honduras).
Mature treeC. pentandra showing seed capsules (Choluteca, Honduras).David Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Kapok tree with abundant fruits.
TitleTree and fruits
CaptionKapok tree with abundant fruits.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Kapok tree with abundant fruits.
Tree and fruitsKapok tree with abundant fruits.David J. Greathead
C. pentandra: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flowering branchlet.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing
CaptionC. pentandra: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flowering branchlet. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. pentandra: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flowering branchlet.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawingC. pentandra: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flowering branchlet. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation
C. pentandra at the seed dispersal stage (shedding kapok floss) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica.
TitleFlowering tree
CaptionC. pentandra at the seed dispersal stage (shedding kapok floss) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica.
CopyrightDavid Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
C. pentandra at the seed dispersal stage (shedding kapok floss) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica.
Flowering treeC. pentandra at the seed dispersal stage (shedding kapok floss) in Guanacaste, Costa Rica.David Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
C. pentandra (kapok tree).
TitleYoung tree
CaptionC. pentandra (kapok tree).
CopyrightDuncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
C. pentandra (kapok tree).
Young treeC. pentandra (kapok tree).Duncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Canopy of sik cotton tree during seed dispersal, when floss is shed.
TitleFlowering canopy
CaptionCanopy of sik cotton tree during seed dispersal, when floss is shed.
CopyrightDavid Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Canopy of sik cotton tree during seed dispersal, when floss is shed.
Flowering canopyCanopy of sik cotton tree during seed dispersal, when floss is shed.David Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
C. pentandra flower, usually solitary, sessile, white to yellowish-rose, with short pedicles, five lanate petals.
TitleFlower
CaptionC. pentandra flower, usually solitary, sessile, white to yellowish-rose, with short pedicles, five lanate petals.
CopyrightDuncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
C. pentandra flower, usually solitary, sessile, white to yellowish-rose, with short pedicles, five lanate petals.
FlowerC. pentandra flower, usually solitary, sessile, white to yellowish-rose, with short pedicles, five lanate petals. Duncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Sectioned seed pod and single flower of C. pentandra. Fruits are leathery, elliptic, capsules, greenish in colour, 10-15 cm long and up to 6 cm thick.
TitleFruit and flower
CaptionSectioned seed pod and single flower of C. pentandra. Fruits are leathery, elliptic, capsules, greenish in colour, 10-15 cm long and up to 6 cm thick.
CopyrightDuncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Sectioned seed pod and single flower of C. pentandra. Fruits are leathery, elliptic, capsules, greenish in colour, 10-15 cm long and up to 6 cm thick.
Fruit and flowerSectioned seed pod and single flower of C. pentandra. Fruits are leathery, elliptic, capsules, greenish in colour, 10-15 cm long and up to 6 cm thick.Duncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Seed capsule of kapok tree; flattened at both ends, open along 5 valves or are indehiscent, hanging.
TitleFruit
CaptionSeed capsule of kapok tree; flattened at both ends, open along 5 valves or are indehiscent, hanging.
CopyrightDuncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Seed capsule of kapok tree; flattened at both ends, open along 5 valves or are indehiscent, hanging.
FruitSeed capsule of kapok tree; flattened at both ends, open along 5 valves or are indehiscent, hanging.Duncan Macqueen, DFID-assisted CPATU
Fruiting C. pentandra tree.
TitleSeed capsules on tree
CaptionFruiting C. pentandra tree.
CopyrightDavid Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
Fruiting C. pentandra tree.
Seed capsules on treeFruiting C. pentandra tree.David Boshier/OFI (Oxford, UK)
1. fruiting branch
2. flowering branchlet
TitleLine artwork
Caption1. fruiting branch 2. flowering branchlet
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
1. fruiting branch
2. flowering branchlet
Line artwork1. fruiting branch 2. flowering branchletPROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.

Preferred Common Name

  • kapok

Other Scientific Names

  • Bombax guineense Schum. & Thonn.
  • Bombax orientale Spreng.
  • Bombax pentandrum L.
  • Ceiba caribaea (DC.) A. Chev.
  • Ceiba casearia L. Medicus
  • Ceiba casearia Medik.
  • Ceiba guineensis (Schum. & Thonn.) A. Chev.
  • Ceiba pentandra var. indica
  • Ceiba thonningii A. Chev.
  • Eriodendron anafractuosum DC.
  • Eriodendron anfractuosum DC.
  • Eriodendron caribaeum G. Don
  • Eriodendron guineense G. Don & Thonn.
  • Eriodendron orientale Kostel

International Common Names

  • English: copal; kapok tree; silk cotton tree; white silk-cotton tree
  • Spanish: árbol capoc; ceiba; ceibo; mosmote; peem; yuca
  • French: arbre à kapock; capoquier; faux cotonnier; fromager; kapokier

Local Common Names

  • Benin: hounti
  • Bolivia: hoja de yuca; mapajo; toborochi
  • Brazil: arvore-da-la; arvore-da-seda; kapoc; mai das arvores; mocmayn; paina-lisa; paineira; samaúma-cabeluda; samaúma-lisa; samu meria paineria; sumaúma; sumaúma; sumaúma-barriguda; sumaúma-branca; sumaúma-da-várzea; sumaúma-de-macaco; sumaúma-rosada; sumaúma-verdadeira; sumaumeira
  • Cambodia: koo
  • Colombia: bonga; ceiba de lana
  • Congo: m'Fuma
  • East Africa: msufi
  • Germany: Baumwollbaum; Fuma; Kapokbaum
  • Ghana: enia
  • Indonesia: enia; kapu; randu
  • Italy: capoc
  • Laos: ngiuz baanz
  • Malaysia: kabuk-abu; kakabu; pohon kapok
  • Mexico: pochota; yaxché
  • Netherlands: fuma; kapokboom
  • Nigeria: araba; okha
  • Philippines: balios; buboi
  • Sierra Leone: banda; ngwe
  • Thailand: nun
  • Togo: hounti
  • Venezuela: ceiba yuca
  • Vietnam: gao; gòn
  • West Africa: bouma; doum; odouma; ogouma

EPPO code

  • CEIPE (Ceiba pentandra)

Subspecies

  • Ceiba pentandra var. caribaea
  • Ceiba pentandra var. guineensis
  • Ceiba pentandra var. pentandra

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Bombacaceae
  •                             Genus: Ceiba
  •                                 Species: Ceiba pentandra

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alcidodes leeuweni; Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Batocera hector; Batocera rufomaculata (mango tree borer); Coptotermes (termites); Coptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite); Distantiella theobroma (cocoa capsid); Dysdercus cingulatus (red cotton stainer); Haritalodes derogata (cotton leaf roller); Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope); Helopeltis theivora (tea mosquito bug); Heterobostrychus aequalis (kapok borer); Marumba dyras; Mudaria variabilis (kapok pod moth); Nisotra javanica; Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Plocaederus obesus (cashew stem borer); Scopelodes unicolor; Suana concolor; Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Zeuzera coffeae (coffee carpenter)

Minor host of:

Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Attacus atlas (atlas moth); Batocera rubus (rubber root borer); Cacao swollen shoot virus (cacao swollen shoot); Darna diducta (nettle caterpillar); Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Dysdercus peruvianus (cotton stainer); Euwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Hypomeces squamosus (green weevil); Icerya seychellarum (Seychelles scale); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Melanitis leda ismene (rice butterfly); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug); Sahlbergella singularis (mirids); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (angular leaf spot of cotton); Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)

Wild host of:

Earias biplaga (spiny bollworm); Planococcoides njalensis (west African cocoa mealybug); Steirastoma breve (cacao beetle); Stenoma decora (cacao fruit and shoot borer)

Host of (source - data mining):

Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Oil/fat

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Lipids
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Rubber/latex
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates

Furniture

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Fences
  • For light construction

Wood-based materials

  • Particleboard

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Musical instruments
  • Tool handles
  • Toys
  • Wood carvings