Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Xyleborus glabratus
(redbay ambrosia beetle)

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Datasheet

Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Xyleborus glabratus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • redbay ambrosia beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
TitleAdult
CaptionXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
Copyright©U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/original image by Stephen Ausmus/via flickr - CC BY 2.0
Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
AdultXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)©U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/original image by Stephen Ausmus/via flickr - CC BY 2.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Xyleborus glabratus Eichhoff

Preferred Common Name

  • redbay ambrosia beetle

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Scolytidae
  •                             Genus: Xyleborus
  •                                 Species: Xyleborus glabratus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 12 May 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresentNative
-AssamPresent
-West BengalPresent
JapanPresentNative
-KyushuPresent
MyanmarPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresentNative
ThailandPresent
VietnamPresent

North America

United StatesPresentIntroduced2002
-AlabamaPresentIntroduced
-ArkansasPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-KentuckyPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MississippiPresentIntroduced
-North CarolinaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent

Host Plants and Other Plants Affected

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References

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CABI/EPPO, 2014. Xyleborus glabratus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No.December. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 791.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Formby JP; Schiefer TL; Riggins JJ, 2012. First records of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Alabama and in Harrison County, Mississippi. Florida Entomologist, 95(1):192-193. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/

Fraedrich, S. W., Johnson, C. W., Menard, R. D., Harrington, T. C., Olatinwo, R., Best, G. S., 2015. First report of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and laurel wilt in Louisiana, USA: the disease continues westward on sassafras. Florida Entomologist, 98(4), 1266-1268. doi: 10.1653/024.098.0445

ISSG, 2011. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. http://www.issg.org/database

Loyd, A. L., Chase, K. D., Nielson, A., Hoover, N., Dreaden, T. J., Mayfield, A. E., Crocker, E., Fraedrich, S. W., 2020. First report of Laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on Sassafras albidum in Tennessee and Kentucky. Plant Disease, 104(2), 567-567. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1914-PDN

Menard, R. D., Clarke, S. R., Fraedrich, S. W., Harrington, T. C., 2016. First report of Laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on redbay (Persea borbonia) in Texas. Plant Disease, 100(7), 1502-1503. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-01-16-0038-PDN

Distribution References

CABI, EPPO, 2014. Xyleborus glabratus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 791. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20153006593

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2022. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. 1 pp. https://gd.eppo.int/

Formby J P, Schiefer T L, Riggins J J, 2012. First records of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Alabama and in Harrison County, Mississippi. Florida Entomologist. 95 (1), 192-193. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/ DOI:10.1653/024.095.0129

Fraedrich S W, Johnson C W, Menard R D, Harrington T C, Olatinwo R, Best G S, 2015. First report of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and laurel wilt in Louisiana, USA: the disease continues westward on sassafras. Florida Entomologist. 98 (4), 1266-1268. http://www.bioone.org/loi/flen DOI:10.1653/024.098.0445

Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), 2011. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). In: Global Invasive Species Database (GISD), Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. http://www.issg.org/database

Loyd A L, Chase K D, Nielson A, Hoover N, Dreaden T J, Mayfield A E, Crocker E, Fraedrich S W, 2020. First report of Laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on Sassafras albidum in Tennessee and Kentucky. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 567-567. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1914-PDN

Menard R D, Clarke S R, Fraedrich S W, Harrington T C, 2016. First report of Laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on redbay (Persea borbonia) in Texas. Plant Disease. 100 (7), 1502-1503. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-16-0038-PDN

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Smith S M, Rabaglia R J, Beaver R A, Thu P Q, Cognato A I, 2018. Attraction of ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae: Xyleborini) to semiochemicals in Vietnam, with new records and a new species. Coleopterists Bulletin. 72 (4), 838-844. DOI:10.1649/0010-065X-72.4.838

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