Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Xyleborus glabratus
(redbay ambrosia beetle)

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Datasheet

Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Xyleborus glabratus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • redbay ambrosia beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
TitleAdult
CaptionXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
Copyright©U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/original image by Stephen Ausmus/via flickr - CC BY 2.0
Xyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)
AdultXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle); adult female. ca.2 mm in length. A vector of Raffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt)©U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/original image by Stephen Ausmus/via flickr - CC BY 2.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Xyleborus glabratus Eichhoff

Preferred Common Name

  • redbay ambrosia beetle

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Scolytidae
  •                             Genus: Xyleborus
  •                                 Species: Xyleborus glabratus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresentNative
-AssamPresent
-West BengalPresent
JapanPresentNative
-KyushuPresent
MyanmarPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresentNative
ThailandPresent
VietnamPresent

North America

United StatesPresentIntroduced
-AlabamaPresentIntroduced
-ArkansasPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-KentuckyPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MississippiPresentIntroduced
-North CarolinaPresent
-South CarolinaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent

Host Plants and Other Plants Affected

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Plant nameFamilyContextReferences
Persea americana (avocado)LauraceaeMain
    Persea borbonica (red bay)LauraceaeMain

      References

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      CABI/EPPO, 2014. Xyleborus glabratus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No.December. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 791.

      EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

      Formby JP; Schiefer TL; Riggins JJ, 2012. First records of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Alabama and in Harrison County, Mississippi. Florida Entomologist, 95(1):192-193. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/

      ISSG, 2011. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. http://www.issg.org/database

      Distribution References

      CABI, EPPO, 2014. Xyleborus glabratus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 791. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20153006593

      CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

      EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

      Formby J P, Schiefer T L, Riggins J J, 2012. First records of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Alabama and in Harrison County, Mississippi. Florida Entomologist. 95 (1), 192-193. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/ DOI:10.1653/024.095.0129

      Fraedrich S W, Johnson C W, Menard R D, Harrington T C, Olatinwo R, Best G S, 2015. First report of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and laurel wilt in Louisiana, USA: the disease continues westward on sassafras. Florida Entomologist. 98 (4), 1266-1268. http://www.bioone.org/loi/flen DOI:10.1653/024.098.0445

      Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), 2011. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). In: Global Invasive Species Database (GISD), Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. http://www.issg.org/database

      Loyd A L, Chase K D, Nielson A, Hoover N, Dreaden T J, Mayfield A E, Crocker E, Fraedrich S W, 2020. First report of Laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on Sassafras albidum in Tennessee and Kentucky. Plant Disease. 104 (2), 567-567. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-1914-PDN

      Menard R D, Clarke S R, Fraedrich S W, Harrington T C, 2016. First report of Laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on redbay (Persea borbonia) in Texas. Plant Disease. 100 (7), 1502-1503. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-16-0038-PDN

      Smith S M, Rabaglia R J, Beaver R A, Thu P Q, Cognato A I, 2018. Attraction of ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae: Xyleborini) to semiochemicals in Vietnam, with new records and a new species. Coleopterists Bulletin. 72 (4), 838-844. DOI:10.1649/0010-065X-72.4.838

      Distribution Maps

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