Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Dickeya dadantii
(bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Dickeya dadantii (bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 02 December 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Dickeya dadantii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Enterobacteriales
  •         Family: Enterobacteriaceae
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Dickeya dadantii Samson et al. 2005

Preferred Common Name

  • bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato

Other Scientific Names

  • Dickeya dadantii subsp. dadantii (Samson et al., 2005) Brady et al. 2011
  • Dickeya dadantii subsp. dieffenbachiae (Samson et al., 2005) Brady et al. 2011
  • Erwinia carotovora var. chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Dye 1969
  • Erwinia chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Young et al. 1978
  • Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. dieffenbachiae (McFadden) Dye 1978
  • Erwinia dieffenbachiae McFadden
  • Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 emend. Hauben et al. 1999
  • Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. dieffenbachiae (McFadden) Young et al. 2004

International Common Names

  • English: bacterial soft rot of sweet potato, maize, Musa sp.; bacterial wilt of soft rot of dieffenbachiae and other ornamentals; banana bacterial sheath rot; blackleg and soft rot of potato; stem rot and leaf spot of dieffenbachiae
  • Spanish: podredumbre blanda bacteriana
  • French: pourriture bactérienne

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bakterienwelke

EPPO code

  • DICKDD

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Enterobacteriales
  •                 Family: Enterobacteriaceae
  •                     Genus: Dickeya
  •                         Species: Dickeya dadantii

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Nov 2021

Growth Stages

Top of page
Post-harvest, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Stems / canker on woody stem
Stems / discoloration
Stems / necrosis
Stems / wilt
Vegetative organs / soft rot
Whole plant / wilt

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Adeolu M, Alnajar S, Naushad S, Gupta RS, 2016. Genome-based phylogeny and taxonomy of the 'Enterobacteriales': proposal for Enterobacterales ord. nov. divided into the families Enterobacteriaceae, Erwiniaceae fam. nov., Pectobacteriaceae fam. nov., Yersiniaceae fam. nov., Hafniaceae fam. nov., Morganellaceae fam. nov., and Budviciaceae fam. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol, 12, 5575-5599.

Askari, S., Rezaei, R., Sadravi, M., Taghavi, S. M., 2018. Identification of Dickeya dadantii Samson et al 2005 sp. nov. (Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937) as a causal agent of bacterial stalk rot of maize in southwest of Iran. Tropical Agriculture, 95(2), 146-153.

Bartz JA, 1999. Supression of bacterial soft rot in potato tubers by application of kasugamycin. American Journal of Potato Research, 76, 127-136.

Bonde, E. , De Souza, P. , 1954. Studies on the control of Potato bacterial seed-piece decay and blackleg with antibiotics. American Potato Journal, 31(10), 311-316 pp. doi: 10.1007/BF02861599

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Brady, C. L., Cleenwerck, I., Denman, S., Venter, S. N., Rodríguez-Palenzuela, P., Coutinho, T. A., Vos, P. de, 2012. Proposal to reclassify Brenneria quercina (Hildebrand and Schroth 1967) Hauben et al. 1999 into a new genus, Lonsdalea gen. nov., as Lonsdalea quercina comb, nov., descriptions of Lonsdalea quercina subsp. quercina comb, nov., Lonsdalea quercina subsp. iberica subsp. nov. and Lonsdalea quercina subsp. britannica subsp. nov., emendation of the description of the genus Brenneria, reclassification of Dickeya dieffenbachiae as Dickeya dadantii subsp. dieffenbachiae comb, nov., and emendation of the description of Dickeya dadantii. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 62(7), 1592-1602. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.035055-0

Brenner DJ, Steigerwalt AG, Miklos GV, Fanning GR, 1973. Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among erwiniae and other Enterobacteriaceae, the soft rot organisms (genus Pectobacterium Waldee). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 23, 205-216.

Bull CT, Boer SHde, Denny TP, Firrao G, Fischer-Le Saux M, Saddler GS, Scortichini M, Stead DE, Takikawa Y, 2010. Comprehensive list of names of plant pathogenic bacteria, 1980-2007. Journal of Plant Pathology, 92:551-592

Cazelles, O., Schwärzel, R., 1992. Survey of bacterial diseases caused by Erwinia in seed potato fields in western Switzerland. (Enquête sur les bactérioses causées par Erwinia dans les cultures de plants de pommes de terre en Suisse romande). Revue Suisse d'Agriculture, 24(4), 215-218.

Cigna, J., Dewaegeneire, P., Beury, A., Gobert, V., Faure, D., 2017. A gapA PCR-sequencing assay for identifying the Dickeya and Pectobacterium potato pathogens. Plant Disease, 101(7), 1278-1282. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1810-RE

Cother EJ, Sivasithamparam K, 1983. Erwinia: The 'carotovora' group. In: Plant Bacterial Diseases-A Diagnostic Guide, [ed. by Fahy PC, Persley GJ]. North Ryde, Australia: Academic Press. 87-106.

Cother, E. J., 1980. Bacterial seed tuber decay in irrigated sandy soils of New South Wales. Potato Research, 23(1), 75-84. doi: 10.1007/BF02364027

Cother, E. J., Gilbert, R. L., 1990. Presence of Erwinia chrysanthemi in two major river systems and their alpine sources in Australia. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 69(5), 729-738.

Czajkowski, R., Grabe, G. J., Wolf, J. M. van der, 2009. Distribution of Dickeya spp. and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum in naturally infected seed potatoes. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 125(2), 263-275. doi: 10.1007/s10658-009-9480-9

Czajkowski, R., Pérombelon, M. C. M., Jafra, S., Lojkowska, E., Potrykus, M., Wolf, J. M. van der, Sledz, W., 2015. Detection, identification and differentiation of Pectobacterium and Dickeya species causing potato blackleg and tuber soft rot: a review. Annals of Applied Biology, 166(1), 18-38. doi: 10.1111/aab.12166

Czajkowski, R., Pérombelon, M. C. M., Veen, J. A. van, Wolf, J. M. van der, 2011. Control of blackleg and tuber soft rot of potato caused by Pectobacterium and Dickeya species: a review. Plant Pathology, 60(6), 999-1013. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02470.x

Degefu, Y., Virtanen, E., Väyrynen, T., 2009. Pre-PCR processes in the molecular detection of blackleg and soft rot erwiniae in seed potatoes. Journal of Phytopathology, 157(6), 370-378. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01504.x

Dickey, R. S., 1979. Erwinia chrysanthemi: a comparative study of phenotypic properties of strains from several hosts and other Erwinia species. Phytopathology, 69(4), 324-329. doi: 10.1094/Phyto-69-324

Dickey, R. S., Victoria, J. I., 1980. Taxonomy and emended description of strains of Erwinia isolated from Musa paradisiaca Linnaeus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 30(1), 129-134.

Dye, D. W., 1969. A taxonomic study of the genus Erwinia. III. The 'herbicola' group. New Zealand Journal of Science, 12(2), 223-236.

Epton HS, Walker NM, Sigee DC, 1990. Bdellovibrio: a potential control agent for soft rot and blackleg of potato. In: 7th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria [ed. by Klement Z]. Budapest, Hungary: 207-212.

Farrar, J. J., Nunez, J. J., Davis, R. M., 2000. Influence of soil saturation and temperature on Erwinia chrysanthemi soft rot of carrot. Plant Disease, 84(6), 665-668. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.6.665

Gao B, Wang RY, Chen SL, Ma J, Li XH, 2016. First report of Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum and P. carotovorum subsp. odoriferum causing bacterial soft rot of sweetpotato in China. Plant Disease, 100(8):1776. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Gao, S. F., Liu, A. Q., Sang, L. W., Sun, S. W., Gou, Y. F., 2016. First report of bacterial soft rot of vanilla caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease, 100(7), 1493-1494. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-08-15-0896-PDN

Golanowska, M., Kielar, J., Lojkowska, E., 2017. The effect of temperature on the phenotypic features and the maceration ability of Dickeya solani strains isolated in Finland, Israel and Poland. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 147(4), 803-817. doi: 10.1007/s10658-016-1044-1

Golkhandan, E., Kamaruzaman, S., Zainalabidin, M. A., Nasehi, A., 2016. First report of soft rot disease on Pak Choi (Brassica chinensis) caused by Dickeya dadantii subsp. dieffenbachiae in Malaysia. Plant Disease, 100(1), 209. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-14-0754-PDN

Goto, M., 1979. Bacterial foot rot of rice caused by a strain of Erwinia chrysanthemi. Phytopathology, 69(3), 213-216. doi: 10.1094/Phyto-69-213

Graham DC, 1964. Taxonomy of the soft rot coliform bacteria. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 2, 13-41.

Grenier, A. M., Duport, G., Pagès, S., Condemine, G., Rahbé, Y., 2006. The phytopathogen Dickeya dadantii (Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937) is a pathogen of the pea aphid. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72(3), 1956-1965. doi: 10.1128/AEM.72.3.1956-1965.2006

Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin L, Steenackers M, Verdonk L, Swings J, 1998. Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 21, 384-397.

Hildebrand, D. C., Schroth, M. N., Thomson, S. V., 1978. Nutritional properties useful for identification of soft-rotting Erwinia species. In: Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Vol. II [Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Vol. II], Angers, France: Sta. Path. Veg. Phytobact., INRA. 561-562.

Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, N., Condemine, G., Nasser, W., Reverchon, S., 1996. Regulation of pectinolysis in Erwinia chrysanthemi. Annual Review of Microbiology, 50, 213-257. doi: 10.1146/annurev.micro.50.1.213

Humphris SN, Cahill G, Elphinstone JG, Kelly R, Parkinson NM, Pritchard L, Toth IK, Saddler GS, 2015. Detection of the bacterial potato pathogens Pectobacterium and Dickeya spp. using conventional and real-time PCR. Methods in Molecular Biology, 1302, 1-16.

Jafra, S., Przysowa, J., Czajkowski, R., Michta, A., Garbeva, P., Wolf, J. M. van der, 2006. Detection and characterization of bacteria from the potato rhizosphere degrading N-acyl-homoserine lactone. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 52(10), 1006-1015. doi: 10.1139/W06-062

Kamysz, W., Krolicka, A., Bogucka, K., Ossowski, T., Lukasiak, J., Lojkowska, E., 2005. Antibacterial activity of synthetic peptides against plant pathogenic Pectobacterium species. Journal of Phytopathology, 153(6), 313-317. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00976.x

Kaneshiro, W. S., Burger, M., Vine, B. G., Silva, A. S. de, Alvarez, A. M., 2008. Characterization of Erwinia chrysanthemi from a bacterial heart rot of pineapple outbreak in Hawaii. Plant Disease, 92(10), 1444-1450. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-92-10-1444

Kastelein, P., Schepel, E. G., Mulder, A., Turkensteen, L. J., Vuurde, J. W. L. van, 1999. Preliminary selection of antagonists of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Van Hall) dye for application during green crop lifting of seed potato tubers. Potato Research, 42(2), 161-171. doi: 10.1007/BF02358406

Laurila, J., Ahola, V., Lehtinen, A., Joutsjoki, T., Hannukkala, A., Rahkonen, A., Pirhonen, M., 2008. Characterization of Dickeya strains isolated from potato and river water samples in Finland. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 122(2), 213-225. doi: 10.1007/s10658-008-9274-5

Lelliott RA, Dickey RS, 1984. Genus VII. Erwinia Winslow, Broadhurst, Krumwiede, Rogers and Smith 1920. In: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, [ed. by Krieg NR, Holt JG]. Baltimore, USA: Williams & Wilkins.

Lin BR, Shen HF, Zhou JN, Pu XM, Chen ZN, Feng JJ, 2012. First report of a soft rot of Philodendron 'Con-go' in China caused by Dickeya dieffenbachiae. Plant Disease, 96(3):452. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Liu, Q., Xiao, W., Wu, Z., Li, S., Yuan, Y., Li, H., 2016. Identification of Dickeya dadantii as a causal agent of banana bacterial sheath rot in China. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(3), 503-510. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3697/2352

Ma, B., Hibbing, M. E., Kim, H. S., Reedy, R. M., Yedidia, I., Breuer, J., Breuer, J., Glasner, J. D., Perna, N. T., Kelman, A., Charkowski, A. O., 2007. Host range and molecular phylogenies of the soft rot enterobacterial genera Pectobacterium and Dickeya. Phytopathology, 97(9), 1150-1163. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-97-9-1150

Mandal, K., Maiti, S., 2005. Bacterial soft rot of aloe caused by Pectobacterium chrysanthemi: a new report from India. Plant Pathology, 54(4), 573. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01216.x

Nam Phuong Kieu, Aznar, A., Segond, D., Rigault, M., Simond-Côte, E., Kunz, C., Soulie, M. C., Expert, D., Dellagi, A., 2012. Iron deficiency affects plant defence responses and confers resistance to Dickeya dadantii and Botrytis cinerea. Molecular Plant Pathology, 13(8), 816-827. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2012.00790.x

Ngadze E, Icishahayo D, 2014. Survey: to assess the distribution and impact of potato blackleg and soft rot diseases in Zimbabwe. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 7, 126-132.

Ngadze, E., Brady, C. L., Coutinho, T. A., Waals, J. E. van der, 2012. Pectinolytic bacteria associated with potato soft rot and blackleg in South Africa and Zimbabwe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 134(3), 533-549. doi: 10.1007/s10658-012-0036-z

Ngadze, E., Coutinho, T. A., Waals, J. E. van der, 2010. First report of soft rot of potatoes caused by Dickeya dadantii in Zimbabwe. Plant Disease, 94(10), 1263. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-05-10-0361

Ngwira, N., Samson, R., 1990. Erwinia chrysanthemi: description of two new biovars (bv 8 and bv 9) isolated from kalanchoe and maize host plants. Agronomie, 10(4), 341-345. doi: 10.1051/agro:19900408

Ogoshi, C., Monteiro, F. P., Becker, W. F., Kvitschal, M. V., Cardoza, Y. F., Zanin, J. G., Duarte, V., 2019. First report of Dickeya dadantii causing a new disease of apple trees in Brazil. New Disease Reports, 39 doi: 10.5197/j.2044-0588.2019.039.008

Parkinson N, DeVos P, Pirhonen M, Elphinstone J, 2014. Dickeya aquatica sp. nov., isolated from waterways. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 64, 2264- 2266.

Parkinson N, Stead D, Bew J, Heeney J, Tsror L, Elphinstone J, 2009. Dickeya species relatedness and clade structure determined by comparison of recA sequences. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 59(10):2388-2393. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org

Pataky NR, 2001. Bacterial diseases of Anthurium, Dieffenbachia, Philodendron, and Syngonium. In: Report on Plant Disease , (616) . Urbana, USA: University of Illinois.6 pp.

Pervez Z, Alam MS, Islam MS, 2016. First report of bacterial soft rot of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) caused by Pectobacterium chrysanthemi in Bangladesh. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology (Editorial), 7, 12. doi: 10.4172/2157-7471.1000e4110

Pineda, M., Pérez-Bueno, M. L., Barón, M., 2018. Detection of bacterial infection in melon plants by classification methods based on imaging data. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9(February), 164. https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2018.00164/full

Reverchon, S., Nasser, W., 2013. Dickeya ecology, environment sensing and regulation of virulence programme. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 5(5), 622-636. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1758-2229

Samson R, Legendre JB, Christen R, Fischer-le Saux M, Achouak W, Gardan L, 2005. Transfer of Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973 and Brenneria paradisiaca to the genus Dickeya gen. nov. as Dickeya chrysanthemi comb. nov. and Dickeya paradisiaca comb. nov. and delineation of four novel species, Dickeya dadantii sp. nov., Dickeya dianthicola sp. nov., Dickeya dieffenbachiae sp. nov. and Dickeya zeae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55(4):1415-1427

Samson, R., Nassan-Agha, N., 1978. Biovars and serovars among 129 strains of Erwinia chrysanthemi. In: Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Vol. II [Proceedings of the IVth International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Vol. II], Angers, France: Sta. Path. Veg. Phytobact., INRA. 547-553.

Samson, R., Poutier, F., Sailly, M., Jouan, B., 1987. Characterization of Erwinia chrysanthemi isolated from Solanum tuberosum and other host plants according to biovars and serogroups. (Caractérisation des Erwinia chrysanthemi isolées de Solanum tuberosum et d'autres plantes-hôtes selon les biovars at sérogroupes). Bulletin OEPP, 17(1), 11-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2338.1987.tb00002.x

Sharga, B. M., Lyon, G. D., 1998. Bacillus subtilis BS 107 as an antagonist of potato blackleg and soft rot bacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 44(8), 777-783. doi: 10.1139/cjm-44-8-777

Slawiak M, Beckhoven JRCMvan, Speksnijder AGCL, Czajkowski R, Grabe G, Wolf JMvan der, 2009. Biochemical and genetical analysis reveal a new clade of biovar 3 Dickeya spp. strains isolated from potato in Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 125(2):245-261. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265

Sławiak, M., Łojkowska, E., Wolf, J. M. van der, 2009. First report of bacterial soft rot on potato caused by Dickeya sp. (syn. Erwinia chrysanthemi) in Poland. Plant Pathology, 58(4), 794. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02028.x

Soleimani-Delfan, A., Etemadifar, Z., Emtiazi, G., Bouzari, M., 2015. Isolation of Dickeya dadantii strains from potato disease and biocontrol by their bacteriophages. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 46(3), 791-797. doi: 10.1590/S1517-838246320140498

Sueno, W. S. K., Marrero, G., Silva, A. S. de, Sether, D. M., Alvarez, A. M., 2014. Diversity of Dickeya strains collected from pineapple plants and irrigation water in Hawaii. Plant Disease, 98(6), 817-824. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-03-13-0219-RE

Thomson, S. V., Hildebrand, D. C., Schroth, M. N., 1981. Identification and nutritional differentiation of the Erwinia sugar beet pathogen from members of Erwinia carotovora and Erwinia chrysanthemi. Phytopathology, 71(10), 1037-1042. doi: 10.1094/Phyto-71-1037

Toth, I. K., Wolf, J. M. van der, Saddler, G., Lojkowska, E., Hélias, V., Pirhonen, M., Tsror, L., Elphinstone, J. G., 2011. Dickeya species: an emerging problem for potato production in Europe. Plant Pathology, 60(3), 385-399. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02427.x

Tsror, L., Erlich, O., Hazanovsky, M., Daniel, B. B., Zig, U., Lebiush, S., 2012. Detection of Dickeya spp. latent infection in potato seed tubers using PCR or ELISA and correlation with disease incidence in commercial field crops under hot-climate conditions. Plant Pathology, 61(1), 161-168. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02492.x

Tsror, L., Erlich, O., Lebiush, S., Hazanovsky, M., Zig, U., Slawiak, M., Grabe, G., Wolf, J. M. van der, Haar, J. J. van de, 2009. Assessment of recent outbreaks of Dickeya sp. (syn. Erwinia chrysanthemi) slow wilt in potato crops in Israel. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 123(3), 311-320. doi: 10.1007/s10658-008-9368-0

Vaerenbergh, J. van, Baeyen, S., Vos, P. de, Maes, M., 2012. Sequence diversity in the Dickeya fliC gene: phylogeny of the Dickeya genus and TaqMan® PCR for 'D. solani', new biovar 3 variant on potato in Europe. PLoS ONE, 7(5), e35738. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035738

Waldee EL, 1945. Comparative studies of some peritrichous phytopathogenic bacteria. Journal of Iowa State College of Science, 19, 435-484.

Wang, J., Wang, L., Wang, F., Cao, G., Rao, G. P., Cheng, C., Zhang, M., 2016. First report of bacterial soft rot on Anubias barteri var. nana caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease, 100(2), 519. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wei JF, Wei JH, 2014. First report of bacterial soft rot of Konnyaku caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease, 98(5):682. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wei, X. Y., Chiu, Y. H., Deng, W. L., Chu, C. C., 2019. First report of Dickeya dadantii causing stem rot of poinsettia in Taiwan. Plant Disease, 103(1), 143-144. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0397-PDN

Winslow CEA, Broadhurst J, Buchanan RE, Krumwiede C Jr, Rogers LA, Smith GH, 1920. The families and genera of the bacteria. Final report of the committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on characterization and classification of bacterial types. Journal of Bacteriology, 5, 191-229.

Wu PoHung, Huang DingDing, Chang, D. C. N., 2011. Mycorrhizal symbiosis enhances Phalaenopsis orchid's growth and resistance to Erwinia chrysanthemi. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(50), 10095-10100. http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB/PDF/pdf2011/5Sep/Wu%20et%20al.pdf

Wyatt, G. M., Lund, B. M., 1981. The effect of antibacterial products on bacterial soft rot of potatoes. Potato Research, 24(3), 315-329. doi: 10.1007/BF02360369

Yasuhara-Bell, J., Marrero, G., Arif, M., Silva, A. de, Alvarez, A. M., 2017. Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for the detection of Dickeya spp. Phytopathology, 107(11), 1339-1345. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-04-17-0160-R

Young JM, Park DC, 2007. Relationships of plant pathogenic enterobacteria based on partial atpD, carA, and recA as individual and concatenated nucleotide and peptide sequences. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 30(5):343-354. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/07232020

Young, J. M., Saddler, G. S., Takikawa, Y., Boer, S. H. de, Vauterin, L., Gardan, L., Gvozdyak, R. I., Stead, D. E., 1996. Names of plant pathogenic bacteria 1864-1995. Review of Plant Pathology, 75(9), 721-763. https://www.cabi.org/cabreviews/abstract/19961005124

Zhou JN, Lin BR, Shen HF, Pu XM, Chen ZN, Feng JJ, 2012. First report of a soft rot of Phalaenopsis aphrodita caused by Dickeya dieffenbachiae in China. Plant Disease, 96(5):760. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Distribution References

Askari S, Rezaei R, Sadravi M, Taghavi S M, 2018. Identification of Dickeya dadantii Samson et al 2005 sp. nov. (Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937) as a causal agent of bacterial stalk rot of maize in southwest of Iran. Tropical Agriculture. 95 (2), 146-153.

Bradbury J F, 1986. Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. Farnham Royal, Slough, UK: CAB International. xviii + 332pp.

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cigna J, Dewaegeneire P, Beury A, Gobert V, Faure D, 2017. A gapA PCR-sequencing assay for identifying the Dickeya and Pectobacterium potato pathogens. Plant Disease. 101 (7), 1278-1282. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1810-RE

Cother E J, Gilbert R L, 1990. Presence of Erwinia chrysanthemi in two major river systems and their alpine sources in Australia. Journal of Applied Bacteriology. 69 (5), 729-738.

Gao B, Wang R Y, Chen S L, Ma J, Li X H, 2016. First report of Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum and P. carotovorum subsp. odoriferum causing bacterial soft rot of sweetpotato in China. Plant Disease. 100 (8), 1776. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-15-1370-PDN

Gao S F, Liu A Q, Sang L W, Sun S W, Gou Y F, 2016a. First report of bacterial soft rot of vanilla caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease. 100 (7), 1493-1494. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-15-0896-PDN

Goto M, 1979. Bacterial foot rot of rice caused by a strain of Erwinia chrysanthemi. Phytopathology. 69 (3), 213-216. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-69-213

Ignatov A N, Lazarev A M, Panycheva J S, Provorov N A, Chebotar V K, 2018. Potato phytopathogens of genus Dickeya - a mini review of systematics and etiology of diseases. Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennaya Biologiya. 53 (1), 123-131. DOI:10.15389/agrobiology.2018.1.123eng

Kaneshiro W S, Burger M, Vine B G, Silva A S de, Alvarez A M, 2008. Characterization of Erwinia chrysanthemi from a bacterial heart rot of pineapple outbreak in Hawaii. Plant Disease. 92 (10), 1444-1450. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-10-1444

Lin B R, Shen H F, Zhou J N, Pu X M, Chen Z N, Feng J J, 2012. First report of a soft rot of Philodendron 'Con-go' in China caused by Dickeya dieffenbachiae. Plant Disease. 96 (3), 452. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0795

Mandal K, Maiti S, 2005. Bacterial soft rot of aloe caused by Pectobacterium chrysanthemi: a new report from India. Plant Pathology. 54 (4), 573. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01216.x

Ngadze E, Coutinho T A, Waals J E van der, 2010. First report of soft rot of potatoes caused by Dickeya dadantii in Zimbabwe. Plant Disease. 94 (10), 1263. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-10-0361

Ogoshi C, Monteiro F P, Becker W F, Kvitschal M V, Cardoza Y F, Zanin J G, Duarte V, 2019. First report of Dickeya dadantii causing a new disease of apple trees in Brazil. New Disease Reports. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2019.039.008

Pervez Z, Alam MS, Islam MS, 2016. First report of bacterial soft rot of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) caused by Pectobacterium chrysanthemi in Bangladesh. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology. 12. DOI:10.4172/2157-7471.1000e4110

Sławiak M, Łojkowska E, Wolf J M van der, 2009. First report of bacterial soft rot on potato caused by Dickeya sp. (syn. Erwinia chrysanthemi) in Poland. Plant Pathology. 58 (4), 794. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02028.x

Tsror L, Erlich O, Lebiush S, Hazanovsky M, Zig U, Slawiak M, Grabe G, Wolf J M van der, Haar J J van de, 2009. Assessment of recent outbreaks of Dickeya sp. (syn. Erwinia chrysanthemi) slow wilt in potato crops in Israel. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 123 (3), 311-320. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265 DOI:10.1007/s10658-008-9368-0

Wang J, Wang L, Wang F, Cao G, Rao G P, Cheng C, Zhang M, 2016. First report of bacterial soft rot on Anubias barteri var. nana caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 519. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wei J F, Wei J H, 2014. First report of bacterial soft rot of Konnyaku caused by Dickeya dadantii in China. Plant Disease. 98 (5), 682. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-13-0679-PDN

Wei X Y, Chiu Y H, Deng W L, Chu C C, 2019. First report of Dickeya dadantii causing stem rot of poinsettia in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 103 (1), 143-144. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-18-0397-PDN

Zhou J N, Lin B R, Shen H F, Pu X M, Chen Z N, Feng J J, 2012. First report of a soft rot of Phalaenopsis aphrodita caused by Dickeya dieffenbachiae in China. Plant Disease. 96 (5), 760. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-11-0942

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: