Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Salvia coccinea
(scarlet sage)

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Datasheet

Salvia coccinea (scarlet sage)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Salvia coccinea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • scarlet sage
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Salvia coccinea Buc’hoz ex Etl.

Preferred Common Name

  • scarlet sage

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Evergreen erect herb (to 1.5 m tall), stems covered with both short and long, spreading hairs.

Origin

Belize, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, southeastern USA, and the Caribbean.

Reason for Introduction

Ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed areas, wastelands, urban open space, gardens, plantations, open woodlands and riparian vegetation.

Impacts

Forms dense stands, displacing native plant and animal species. Young plants are toxic to cattle, inducing symptoms such as extreme weakness and uncoordinated movements.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Lamiales
  •                         Family: Lamiaceae
  •                             Genus: Salvia
  •                                 Species: Salvia coccinea

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

IndiaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases

Africa

KenyaPresentIntroduced Invasive Witt and Luke, 2017
MalawiPresentIntroducedWitt and Luke, 2017Naturalized
TanzaniaPresentIntroducedWitt and Luke, 2017Naturalized
ZambiaPresentIntroducedWitt and Luke, 2017Naturalized

North America

MexicoPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
USAPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-AlabamaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-FloridaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-GeorgiaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-LouisianaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-MississippiPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-South CarolinaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
-TexasPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases

Central America and Caribbean

BahamasPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
BelizePresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
CubaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
El SalvadorPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
GuadeloupePresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
GuatemalaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
JamaicaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
MartiniquePresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
MontserratPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
Puerto RicoPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases

South America

BrazilPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
ColombiaPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
PeruPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases

Europe

PortugalPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
SpainPresentDatamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Links to Websites

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WebsiteURLComment
GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gatewayhttps://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m93f6Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list.
Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS)http://griis.org/Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list.

Distribution Maps

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