Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Carpophilus
(dried-fruit beetles)

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Datasheet

Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Carpophilus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dried-fruit beetles
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); beetle on a damaged ear of maize.
TitleAdult
CaptionCarpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); beetle on a damaged ear of maize.
Copyright©USDA-ARS
Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); beetle on a damaged ear of maize.
AdultCarpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); beetle on a damaged ear of maize.©USDA-ARS

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Carpophilus Stephens 1829

Preferred Common Name

  • dried-fruit beetles

International Common Names

  • English: sap beetles

Local Common Names

  • Turkey: eksilik bocegi

EPPO code

  • CARHSP (Carpophilus sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Nitidulidae
  •                             Genus: Carpophilus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BeninPresentAgbaka et al. (2005)
EgyptPresentAitken (1975)
EswatiniPresentHaines (1981)
GhanaPresentAitken (1975)
KenyaPresentAitken (1975)
MalawiPresentHaines (1981)
MozambiquePresentAitken (1975); Haines (1981)
NigeriaPresentHaines (1981)
Sierra LeonePresentHaines (1981)
South AfricaPresentAitken (1975); Haines (1981)
TanzaniaPresentAitken (1975); Haines (1981)

Asia

ChinaPresentAitken (1975)
Hong KongPresentAitken (1975)
IndiaPresentAitken (1975)
IndonesiaPresentAitken (1975)
IranPresentAitken (1975)
JapanPresentAraki et al. (2005)
-HokkaidoPresentAraki et al. (2005)
MalaysiaPresentAitken (1975)
MyanmarPresentAitken (1975)
PhilippinesPresentHaines (1981)
SingaporePresent, WidespreadAVA (2001)
Sri LankaPresentAitken (1975)
TaiwanPresentYao et al. (2007)
ThailandPresentAitken (1975)
TurkeyPresentAitken (1975)

Europe

FrancePresentAitken (1975)
GreecePresentAitken (1975)
PolandPresentRuta et al. (2008)

North America

CubaPresentCruz García et al. (2001)
GrenadaPresentHaines (1981)
JamaicaPresentHaines (1981)
MexicoPresentHaines (1981)
NicaraguaPresentHaines (1981)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Cock, 1985
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bartelt et al. (1995 Pheromone combination lures fo)
-GeorgiaPresentDaly and Buntin (2005)
-HawaiiPresentEwing and Cline (2005)
-IllinoisPresentDowd (2000)
-KentuckyPresentSedlacek et al. (2009)
-MarylandPresentDowd and Vega (2003)
-MinnesotaPresentCease and Juzwik (2001)
-OhioPresentWilliams et al. (2008)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentAitken (1975)
-New South WalesPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: James et al. (2000)
-QueenslandPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: James et al. (2000)
-VictoriaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: James et al. (2000)
Solomon IslandsPresentHaines (1981)

South America

ArgentinaPresentAitken (1975)
BrazilPresentAitken (1975)
-PernambucoPresentKiill and Costa (2003)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentLink and Link (2008)
-Sao PauloPresentGalli et al. (2005)
EcuadorPresentHaines (1981)
PeruPresentHaines (1981)
VenezuelaPresentHaines (1981)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Seeds / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Allophrys oculata Parasite Larvae
Belonuchus rufipennis Predator Larvae/Pupae
Cataphoriniopsis Parasite Larvae
Cerchysiella insularis Parasite Larvae
Cerchysiella scutellatus Parasite Larvae
Cerchysiella utilis Parasite Larvae Hawaii
Myophasia Parasite Larvae
Philotanalis Predator Larvae/Pupae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesTransported in national and international grain trade Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Agbaka A; Tano Y; Borgemeister C; Foua-Bi K; Markham HR, 2005. Dynamics of insects' population, destroyer of maize's stocks in the traditional attics with particular emphasis on Prostephanus truncatus Horn (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). (Dynamique des populations d'insectes ravageurs des stocks de maïs dans les greniers traditionnels avec un accent particulier sur Prostephanus truncatus Horn (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae).) Revue Africaine de Santé et de Productions Animales, 3(2):137-141.

Aitken AD, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 31, 191 pp.

Araki K; Yamada E; Ohara M, 2005. Breeding system and floral visitors of Convallaria keiskei. Plant Species Biology, 20(2):149-153. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=psb

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore.

Bartelt RJ; Vetter RS; Carlson DG; Petroski RJ; Baker TC, 1995. Pheromone combination lures for Carpophilus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) species. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(4):864-869.

Cease KR; Juzwik J, 2001. Predominant nitidulid species (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) associated with spring oak wilt mats in Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31(4):635-643.

Cock MJW, ed. , 1985. A Review of Biological Control of Pests in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Bermuda up to 1982. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control Technical Communication No.9. Wallingford, UK: CABI International.

Connell WA, 1977. A key to Carpophilus sap beetles associated with stored foods in the United States (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae). Cooperative Plant Pest Report, 2(23):398-404

Cruz García B; Chiang Lok ML; Shagarodsky Scull T, 2001. Presence of Carpophilus hemipterus (L.) in stored chickpea. (Presencia de Carpophilus hemipterus (L.) en garbanzo almacenado.) Revista de Protección Vegetal, 16(2/3):135-136.

Daly T; Buntin GD, 2005. Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic corn for lepidopteran control on nontarget arthropods. Environmental Entomology, 34(5):1292-1301. HTTP://www.esa.catchword.org

Dobson RM, 1954a. The species of Carpophilus Stephens (Col., Nitidulidae) associated with stored products. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 45:389-402.

Dobson RM, 1954b. A new species of Carpophilus Stephens (Col. Nitidulidae) found on stored produce. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 90:299-300.

Dobson RM, 1956. A new species of Carpophilus Stephens (Col. Nitidulidae) associated with stored products. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 92:41-42.

Dobson RM, 1969. A new species of Carpophilus Stephens (Col., Nitidulidae) from East Africa. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 105:99-100.

Dowd PF, 2000. Dusky sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and other kernel damaging insects in Bt and non-Bt sweet corn in Illinois. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93(6):1714-1720.

Dowd PF; Vega FE, 2003. Autodissemination of Beauveria bassiana by sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) to overwintering sites. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 13(1):65-75.

Ewing CP; Cline AR, 2005. Key to adventive sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in Hawaii, with notes on records and habits. Coleopterists Bulletin, 59(2):167-183.

Funasaki GY; Nakahara LM; Kumashiro BR, 1988. Introductions for biological control in Hawaii: 1985 and 1986. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 28:101-104.

Galli JC; Senô KCA; Carareto ECB, 2005. Population dynamics of Carpophilus sp. associated to guava, subjected to two fenthion spraying systems. (Flutuação populacional de Carpophilus sp. em pomares de goiaba submetidos a dois métodos de pulverização de fenthion.) Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Agroecología, No.74:12-16.

Glazer I; Salame L; Goldenberg S; Blumberg D, 1999. Susceptibility of sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 9(2):259-266; 20 ref.

Gorham JR, 1991. Insect and mite pests in food. An illustrated key. Vol. 1 and 2. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook Washington, DC, USA, No. 655:vii + 767 pp.

Haines CP, 1981. Insects and arachnids from stored products: a report on specimens received by the Tropical Stored Products Centre 1973-77. Report of the Tropical Products Institute, L 54:73 pp.

Haines CP; ed, 1991. Insects and Arachnids of Tropical Stored products: Their Biology and Identification. 2nd edn. Chatham, UK: Natural Resources Institute.

Hodges RJ; Halid H; Rees DP; Meik J; Sarjono J, 1985. Insect traps tested as an aid to pest management in milled rice stores. Journal of Stored Products Research, 21(4):215-229

James DG; Faulder RJ; Vogele B; Moore CJ, 2000. Pheromone-trapping of Carpophilus spp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae): fauna, abundance and seasonality in some Australian horticultural regions. Plant Protection Quarterly, 15(2):57-61.

James DG; Vogele B; Faulder RJ; Moore CJ, 2000. Efficacy of multispecies pheromone lures for Carpophilus davidsoni Dobson and Carpophilus mutilatus Erichson (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 39(2):83-85; 20 ref.

Kiill LHP; Costa JGda, 2003. Floral biology and reproductive system of Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) in Petrolina-PE, Brazil. (Biologia floral e sistema de reprodução de Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) na região de Petrolina-PE.) Ciência Rural, 33(5):851-856.

Lai PY; Funasaki GY, 1986. Introduction for biological control in Hawaii: 1983 and 1984. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 26:89-91.

Link D; Link FM, 2008. Identification of host plants of the avocado borer, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae) in Rio Grande do Sul. (Identificação de plantas hospedeiras da broca do abacate, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae) no Rio Grande do Sul.) Neotropical Entomology, 37(3):342-344. http://www.scielo.br/ne

Ruta R; Zuk K; Lason´ A, 2008. New localities of Carpophilus sexpustulatus (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in Poland. (Nowe stanowiska Carpophilus sexpustulatus (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) w Polsce.) Wiadomosci Entomologiczne, 27(2):116-117. http://pte.au.poznan.pl/we/we.htm

Sedlacek JD; Friley KL; Hillman SL, 2009. Ear pests and damage to organic, conventional and Bt-protected sweet corn grown in central Kentucky. Journal of Entomological Science, 44(4):383-390.

Williams RN; Acosta NM; Price MB, 2008. Nitidulidae (Coleoptera) found in flowers of Calycanthus floridus Linnaeus (Laurales: Calycanthaceae) in Northeastern Ohio, U.S.A. Entomological News, 119(4):397-402. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue

Yao MC; Lu KH; Wang YT; Lee CY, 2007. Population fluctuations of insect pests of garlic bulbs (Allium sativum L.) in storehouses monitored with light traps and yellow sticky cards. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei), 49(3):171-185. http://www.pps.org.tw

Distribution References

Agbaka A, Tano Y, Borgemeister C, Foua-Bi K, Markham H R, 2005. Dynamics of insects' population, destroyer of maize's stocks in the traditional attics with particular emphasis on Prostephanus truncatus Horn (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). (Dynamique des populations d'insectes ravageurs des stocks de maïs dans les greniers traditionnels avec un accent particulier sur Prostephanus truncatus Horn (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae).). Revue Africaine de Santé et de Productions Animales. 3 (2), 137-141.

Aitken A D, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. In: Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, xvi + 191 pp.

Araki K, Yamada E, Ohara M, 2005. Breeding system and floral visitors of Convallaria keiskei. Plant Species Biology. 20 (2), 149-153. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=psb DOI:10.1111/j.1442-1984.2005.00134.x

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services., Singapore: Plant Health Centre Agri-food & Veterinary Authority.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cease K R, Juzwik J, 2001. Predominant nitidulid species (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) associated with spring oak wilt mats in Minnesota. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31 (4), 635-643. DOI:10.1139/cjfr-31-4-635

Cruz García B, Chiang Lok M L, Shagarodsky Scull T, 2001. Presence of Carpophilus hemipterus (L.) in stored chickpea. (Presencia de Carpophilus hemipterus (L.) en garbanzo almacenado.). Revista de Protección Vegetal. 16 (2/3), 135-136.

Daly T, Buntin G D, 2005. Effect of Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic corn for lepidopteran control on nontarget arthropods. Environmental Entomology. 34 (5), 1292-1301. HTTP://www.esa.catchword.org DOI:10.1603/0046-225X(2005)034[1292:EOBTTC]2.0.CO;2

Dowd P F, 2000. Dusky sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and other kernel damaging insects in Bt and non-Bt sweet corn in Illinois. Journal of Economic Entomology. 93 (6), 1714-1720. DOI:10.1603/0022-0493-93.6.1714

Dowd P F, Vega F E, 2003. Autodissemination of Beauveria bassiana by sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) to overwintering sites. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 13 (1), 65-75. DOI:10.1080/0958315021000054395

Ewing C P, Cline A R, 2005. Key to adventive sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in Hawaii, with notes on records and habits. Coleopterists Bulletin. 59 (2), 167-183. DOI:10.1649/736

Galli J C, Senô K C A, Carareto E C B, 2005. Population dynamics of Carpophilus sp. associated to guava, subjected to two fenthion spraying systems. (Flutuação populacional de Carpophilus sp. em pomares de goiaba submetidos a dois métodos de pulverização de fenthion.). Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Agroecología. 12-16.

Haines C P, 1981. Insects and arachnids from stored products: a report on specimens received by the Tropical Stored Products Centre 1973-77. In: Report of the Tropical Products Institute, iv + 73 pp.

Kiill L H P, Costa J G da, 2003. Floral biology and reproductive system of Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) in Petrolina-PE, Brazil. (Biologia floral e sistema de reprodução de Annona squamosa L. (Annonaceae) na região de Petrolina-PE.). Ciência Rural. 33 (5), 851-856. DOI:10.1590/S0103-84782003000500009

Link D, Link F M, 2008. Identification of host plants of the avocado borer, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae) in Rio Grande do Sul. (Identificação de plantas hospedeiras da broca do abacate, Stenoma catenifer Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae) no Rio Grande do Sul.). Neotropical Entomology. 37 (3), 342-344. http://www.scielo.br/ne DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2008000300016

Ruta R, Żuk K, Lasoń A, 2008. New localities of Carpophilus sexpustulatus (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in Poland. (Nowe stanowiska Carpophilus sexpustulatus (Fabricius, 1792) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) w Polsce.). Wiadomości Entomologiczne. 27 (2), 116-117. http://pte.au.poznan.pl/we/we.htm

Sedlacek J D, Friley K L, Hillman S L, 2009. Ear pests and damage to organic, conventional and Bt-protected sweet corn grown in central Kentucky. Journal of Entomological Science. 44 (4), 383-390.

Williams R N, Acosta N M, Price M B, 2008. Nitidulidae (Coleoptera) found in flowers of Calycanthus floridus Linnaeus (Laurales: Calycanthaceae) in Northeastern Ohio, U.S.A. Entomological News. 119 (4), 397-402. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue DOI:10.3157/0013-872X-119.4.397

Yao M C, Lu K H, Wang Y T, Lee C Y, 2007. Population fluctuations of insect pests of garlic bulbs (Allium sativum L.) in storehouses monitored with light traps and yellow sticky cards. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei). 49 (3), 171-185.

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