Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cheilocostus speciosus

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Datasheet

Cheilocostus speciosus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cheilocostus speciosus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • C. speciosus is a perennial herb native to Malaysia. It is widely naturalized in the Pacific region, although it can be very invasive there. It is often found in disturbed areas, on roadsides and in the forest...

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
Copyright©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
Flowering habitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
Copyright©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
Flowering habitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flower. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
TitleFlower
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flower. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
Copyright©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flower. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.
FlowerCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flower. Mulu NP, Sarawak, Malaysia. October 2015.©Bernard Dupont/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2007.
TitleFlowering habit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2007.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2007.
Flowering habitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); flowering habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. March 2007.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Honolua Lipoa Point, Maui, Hawaii, USA. April 2018.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Nr. Kuttippuram, Kerala. India. October 2017.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Nr. Kuttippuram, Kerala. India. October 2017.
Copyright©Vengolis/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Nr. Kuttippuram, Kerala. India. October 2017.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Nr. Kuttippuram, Kerala. India. October 2017.©Vengolis/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Keanae Arboretum, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2012.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Keanae Arboretum, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Keanae Arboretum, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2012.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Keanae Arboretum, Maui, Hawaii, USA. February 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Bukidnon, Philippines. January 2017.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Bukidnon, Philippines. January 2017.
Copyright©Obsidian Soul/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Bukidnon, Philippines. January 2017.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Bukidnon, Philippines. January 2017.©Obsidian Soul/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Puaa Kaa Park Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June 2009
TitleHabit
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June 2009
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June 2009
HabitCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); habit. Hana Hwy, Maui, Hawaii, USA. June 2009©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); seeds. India. November 2009.
TitleSeeds
CaptionCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); seeds. India. November 2009.
Copyright©Dinesh Valke/via flickr - CC BY-SA 3.0
Cheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); seeds. India. November 2009.
SeedsCheilocostus speciosus (cane-reed); seeds. India. November 2009.©Dinesh Valke/via flickr - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cheilocostus speciosus (J. Koenig) C. D. Specht

Other Scientific Names

  • Costus speciosus (J.König) Sm.

International Common Names

  • English: crape ginger; variegated ginger

Local Common Names

  • Cuba: cañuela snata
  • Micronesia, Federated states of: sinser weitahta (Pohnpei)

Summary of Invasiveness

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C. speciosus is a perennial herb native to Malaysia. It is widely naturalized in the Pacific region, although it can be very invasive there. It is often found in disturbed areas, on roadsides and in the forest understory. In Pohnpei it is common in watersheds where the land has been disturbed by sakau growing (Englberger, 2009).

Its seeds can be spread by birds and rodents, in soil and on machinery. C. speciosus can also spread via its stems and rhizomes (Englberger, 2009).

Description

Taken from Stone (1970):

Tall plant, 1.5 m tall or more, with erect or spreading stems; leaves elliptic or obovate, up to 20 cm long or more, about 4-6.4 cm wide, pubescent beneath; shortly petiolate; inflorescence terminal, large, up to 10 cm long, with red bracts about 1.5 cm long ; flowers white, calyx red, corolla white, 5-6 cm long; stamen crest yellow; capsules red; seeds black with a white fleshy aril.

Prevention and Control

Taken from Englberger (2009):

Mechanical control by pulling is difficult but can be effective if done repeatedly for an extended period. For younger plants, a foliar spray of triclopyr can be used. For older plants, stem application of undiluted triclopyr, brushed or sprayed onto freshly-cut stems, can be used.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Zingiberales
  •                         Family: Zingiberaceae
  •                             Genus: Cheilocostus
  •                                 Species: Cheilocostus speciosus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

MalaysiaPresentNativeEnglberger (2009)

North America

CubaPresentIntroducedInvasiveOviedo Prieto et al. (2012)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized

Oceania

American SamoaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
Cook IslandsPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009)Invasive in Pohnpei, where it is often found in watersheds where the land has been disturbed by sakau growing. Also present in Kosrae and Yap
FijiPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
French PolynesiaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
GuamPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
Marshall IslandsPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
New CaledoniaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
NiuePresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
PalauPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
Papua New GuineaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
SamoaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
Solomon IslandsPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized
TongaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)Naturalized

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Englberger K, 2009. Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: A guide for identification and public awareness. Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia: Conservation Society of Pohnpei, 29 pp.

Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. , 2012. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96.

Stone BC, 1970. The flora of Guam. Micronesica 6:218.

Distribution Maps

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