Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Ship structures above the water line (pathway vector)



Ship structures above the water line (pathway vector)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ship structures above the water line (pathway vector)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ship structures above the water line (pathway vector)

International Common Names

  • English: Cabins; Holds

Species Transported by Vector

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Achatina fulica (giant African land snail) Yes
Acridotheres tristis (common myna) Yes
Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Yes
Anoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Yes Yes
Bactrocera neohumeralisWith fruit cargo Yes
Bactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly)With fruit cargo Yes
Blattella germanica (German cockroach) Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008
Boiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Yes
Brachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant) Yes Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008
Cabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Yes Yes Les and Mehrhoff, 1999
Carcinus maenas (European shore crab)Lower probability than ballast water but can survive out of water for up to 5 days Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008
Ceratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Carrying cargo Yes
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Yes Karatayev et al., 2007
Corvus splendens (house crow)Birds transported on ships e.g. regularly to Western Australia from Colombo Yes Long, 1981; Ryall, 1994; Ryall, 2002; Ryall, 2010a
Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Yes Yes Minchin, 2008; OEPP/EPPO, 2007
Cromileptes altivelis (humpback grouper)Juveniles and adults Yes Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008; Sadovy et al., 2007
Culex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Adult and larvae Yes Yes Howard et al., 1912
Daphnia lumholtziAdult D. lumholtzi survived for up to 3 days in boat live-wells Yes Yes Havel and Stelzeinni-Schwent, 2000
Eleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Yes Schwartz, 1974
Eucheuma spp.Live vegetative stage Yes Ask and Azanza, 2002
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)frequent and important pathway for this species; nymphs and adults Yes Yes
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Yes Yes USGS-NAS, 2002
Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Yes DCR, 2003
Lagarosiphon major (African elodea)Vegetation moving between water bodies on boats, trailers, recreational equipment, etc. Yes Cronk and Fuller, 1995
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed)A. Mikulyuk, Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources, USA, personal communcation, 2010 Yes
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Eggs, crawlers/adults. Rare pathway Yes
Myriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Yes
Nymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Unintentional transport of plants on boats, trailers, etc Yes Yes DCR, 2004
Osteopilus septentrionalis (Cuban treefrog)Adults Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008
Papuana huebneri (taro beetle) Yes
Peromyscus fraterculus (Northern Baja deermouse)Probably taken to Santa Catalina Island by fishermen Yes Alvarez-Castaneda and Cortes-Calva, 2002
Polistes dominula (European paper wasp) Yes Royal BC Museum, 2011
Pomacea maculataEggs, hatchlings Yes Yes
Potamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Yes Yes ISSG, 2006
Psittacus erithacus (African grey parrot) Yes Yes Mouchtouri et al., 2008
Rattus rattus (black rat) Yes
Rhinella marina (cane toad) Yes
Rusa marianna (Philippine deer)Small numbers of live adult animals deliberately transported aboard ships Yes Yes Miura and Yoshihara, 2002; Wiles et al., 1999
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes Yes ISSG, 2009
Salvinia minima Yes Yes USGS, 2005
Theba pisana (white garden snail) Yes Johnson, 1988
Trapa natans (waterchestnut) Yes Yes Hummel and Kiviat, 2004