Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pets and aquarium species (pathway vector)

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Datasheet

Pets and aquarium species (pathway vector)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pets and aquarium species (pathway vector)
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pets and aquarium species (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Amatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008; Magalhães and Jacobi, 2013; Rixon et al., 2005
Ambloplites rupestris (rock bass) Yes Yes
Ameiurus melas (black bullhead) Yes Yes
Ameiurus natalis Yes
Aphanomyces astaci Yes Yes Oidtmann et al., 2005
Astronotus ocellatus (oscar) Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Avipoxvirus Yes Yes
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Yes Une et al., 2008
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Trade of salamanders within countries and import of (Asian) salamanders to Europe and the Americas Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Belonesox belizanus (pike killifish)Popular aquarium species Yes Yes Robins, 2014
Bothriocephalus acheilognathiAquarium fishes such as koi and goldfish Yes Yes Scholz et al., 2012
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Seeds, likely. Not documented but given that ungulates carry seeds, dogs could too Yes
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel) Yes Bertolino and Lurz, 2013; Yanagawa, 2000
Carassius carassius (crucian carp) Yes
Carcinus maenas (European shore crab)low probability Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea Yes Verlaque et al., 2003
Caulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Yes
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail)Casual introductions and discarded material Yes
Channa argus argus (northern snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams, 2004
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009
Cherax destructor (yabby)F Gherardi, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Italy, pers. comm., 2011 Yes Yes
Cherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Yes
Cichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)A moderately popular aquarium species Yes Yes Seriously Fish, 2016
Cichlasoma urophthalmum (mayan cichlid)Popular ornamental fish Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008; Schofield et al., 2016
Clarias batrachus (walking catfish) Yes Yes
Cochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Warm-blooded terrestrial pets Yes Yes
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam)Reported for C. fluminea in France Yes Brancotte and Vincent, 2002
Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Cromileptes altivelis (humpback grouper)Juveniles and adults, international trade by air and boat Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008; Sadovy et al., 2007
Ctenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)Brought as pets to Florida from Mexico Yes Krysko et al., 2003
Cyprinus carpio (common carp) Yes Yes Hanchet, 1990
Daphnia lumholtziIntroduction via the aquarium trade is one hypothesis regarding the invasion of North America Yes Havel and Hebert, 1993
Desmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Sticky seeds could attach to furs, pelts etc. Yes Yes Mori and Brown, 1998
Dicrurus macrocercus Yes Yes BirdLife International, 2012; KFBG, 2004; Shepherd et al., 2004
Elodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Casual introductions and discarded material Yes
Eriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Yes Gollasch, 2006
Garrulax canorus (Chinese hwamei)Popular caged birds in China Yes Li et al., 2006
Geophagus brasiliensis (pearl cichlid) Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Gracilaria tikvahiae (graceful red weed) Yes Yes Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, 2008
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)As an aquarium/pond plant Yes Yes Weeds CRC, 2008
Hemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Species of Hemichromis are popular aquarium fishes Yes Yes USGS, 2016
Hemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Commonly transported via the pet trade Yes Yes Meshaka et al., 1994; Krysko and Sheehy, 2005
Herichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid) Yes Yes Nico et al., 2015
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Yes Yes Catling et al., 2003
Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Yes Yes FNW Disseminules, 2007
Hypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)All Yes Yes Hoover et al., 2014
Juncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Lagarosiphon major (African elodea) Yes Australia Natural Heritage Trust, 2003
Leiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Unknown Yes Yes
Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)All life stages as contaminants Yes
Lepomis gulosus (warmouth)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Yes
Limnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Yes Yes Encyclopedia of Life, 2016
Limnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Yes
Marisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Yes Yes
Melanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Yes
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Yes
Myriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)As whole plants for garden and aquarium use Yes Yes Gregory, 2003; Kay and Hoyle, 2001
Myriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Yes Yes
Myriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Yes Yes
Orconectes virilis (virile crayfish)Crayfish are distributed both legally and illegally through the aquarium trade Yes Yes Ahern et al., 2008
Oreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)All life stages Yes Yes Courtenay et al., 1984
Pantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Pet trade Yes Yes Enge, 1994
Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Attached to domestic animals Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Pethia conchonius Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Phalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Australia Yes Yes Lintermans, 2004
Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Yes Yes USGS, 2012
Pistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Yes Yes Gherardi, 2007
Plasmodium relictumIllegal smuggling and release of infected pet birds Yes Moulton et al., 2001
Poecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Popular ornamental species Yes Yes Magalhães and Jacobi, 2010
Poecilia reticulata (guppy)Common import into developed countries as ornamental fish. Yes
Pomacea maculataJuveniles and adults Yes Yes
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)All life stages Yes Yes Welcomme, 1988
Potamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Yes Yes Stuckey, 1979
Procambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)C Chucholl, University of Ulm, Germany, personal communication, 2011 Yes
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)All life stages as contaminants Yes Yes Copp et al., 2005b
Psittacus erithacus (African grey parrot) Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Rana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Yes Yes
Salvinia molesta (kariba weed) Yes Yes McFarland et al., 2004
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Yes Yes Hengeveld, 1988; Hengeveld, 1993
Thorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid)Most introduced populations are likely to have resulted from the release of ornamental fish Yes Yes Nico et al., 2014
Tilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)All life stages Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008
Trioceros jacksonii (Jackson’s chameleon)Occasionallly transported via the pet trade Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2008; McKeown, 1996; McKeown, 1997
Umbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Yes Verreycken et al., 2010
Vallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Vegatative plants Yes Yes
Varanus niloticus (Nile monitor)Pet trade Yes Yes Enge et al., 2004
Xiphophorus helleriiPopular ornamental species Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2007
Xiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)Popular ornamental species Yes Yes Corfield et al., 2007