Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)



Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

Top of page
SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Alternanthera bettzickiana (calico plant)As a contaminant in baled hay. Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants (2016)
Alyssum desertorum (desert madwort)In hay Yes Olliff et al. (2001)
Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) Yes
Amaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Seeds can survive in compost Yes Costea et al. (2005)
Amynthas agrestis (crazy worm)Likely dispersed to many new locations via mulch Yes Yes Bellitürk et al. (2015)
Avena barbata (slender oat)If within a stand that is used for straw the seed could be transported unintentionally Yes
Bidens frondosa (beggarticks)As a contaminant in hay Yes
Bipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats) Yes Yes
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)seeds and stems possible Yes
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes Yes
Cenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Yes
Centaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)in hay Yes
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (chaya)Possible, if cuttings are able to root and in the rare event of cultivated plants producing seeds Yes
Coptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)Alates, larvae or nymphs use these as food and habitat Yes Scheffrahn and Su (2000)
Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Yes Ssegawa (2007)
Cyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Yes
Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Yes Yes
Diaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)Mulched infected plant material could be an inoculum reservoir Yes Yes
Eleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Adults, juveniles and eggs transported Yes Yes Christy et al. (2007); Zippel et al. (2005)
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)frequent and important pathway for this species; nymphs and adults Yes Yes
Juncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Yes
Lepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)As contaminant in hay, grains, and composting soil. Yes Yes Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora 92016)
Leptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Yes
Limax maximus (leopard slug)Not uncommon Yes Yes
Linepithema humile (Argentine ant) Yes Yes
Ludwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)As contaminant of coconut fibre as plant substrate Yes Yes Ferrer and Laguna (2009)
Lumbricus rubellus Yes
Lumbricus terrestris Yes
Lygodium flexuosum (maidenhair creeper)It is used to make baskets Yes Yadav et al. (2012)
Lygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Yes Loan van (2006)
Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Movement of infested sod. Yes
Mesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Yes
Mikania micrantha (bitter vine) Yes
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Eggs, crawlers/adults. Common pathway Yes
Moringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Mulch Yes Ranjan et al. (1999); Singh and Singh (2001)
Muntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Accidentally introduced in greenhouses/nurseries of California, Spain and New Zealand via coco fiber imported from Sri Lanka Yes Hrusa et al. (2002); James et al. (2012); Ferrer Gallego and Laguna Lumbreras (2013)
Paspalum notatum (Bahia grass)Used for hay/mulch Yes Yes Cook et al. (2005)
Paspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)Used for hay Yes FAO (2012b)
Pectobacterium brasiliense (soft rot and blackleg of ornamentals and potato) Yes Yes
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Yes
Polypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Yes
Pyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Yes
Raoiella indica (red palm mite)On palm handicrafts between islands in the Caribbean Yes
Salsola kali (common saltwort) Yes
Salsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Yes
Sphaerodactylus vincenti (Saint Vincent dwarf gecko)Possible invasion pathway by humans Yes Daltry (2009)
Sporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Yes Yes
Theba pisana (white garden snail) Yes Godan (1983); Hanna (1966)
Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)Contaminant Yes Yes Keir and Vogler (2006)
Tithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)Seeds as contaminants Yes Yes BioNET-EAFRINET (2018)
Uraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer) Yes Yes
Vespa velutina (Asian hornet) Yes Yes