Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)



Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Mulch, straw, baskets and sod (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Alternanthera bettzickiana (calico plant)As a contaminant in baled hay. Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants, 2016
Alyssum desertorum (desert madwort)In hay Yes Olliff et al., 2001
Amaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Seeds can survive in compost Yes Costea et al., 2005
Amynthas agrestis (crazy worm)Likely dispersed to many new locations via mulch Yes Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants, 2016
Avena barbata (slender oat)If within a stand that is used for straw the seed could be transported unintentionally Yes
Bidens frondosa (beggarticks)As a contaminant in hay Yes
Bipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats) Yes Yes
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)seeds and stems possible Yes
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes Yes
Cenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Yes
Centaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)in hay Yes
Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Yes Ssegawa, 2007
Cyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Yes
Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Yes Yes
Eleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Adults, juveniles and eggs transported Yes Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants, 2016; Zippel et al., 2005
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)frequent and important pathway for this species; nymphs and adults Yes Yes
Juncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Yes
Lepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)As contaminant in hay, grains, and composting soil. Yes Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants, 2016
Leptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Yes
Limax maximus (leopard slug)Not uncommon Yes Yes
Linepithema humile (Argentine ant) Yes Yes
Ludwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)As contaminant of coconut fibre as plant substrate Yes Yes Ferrer and Laguna, 2009
Lumbricus rubellus Yes
Lumbricus terrestris Yes
Lygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Yes Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants, 2016
Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Movement of infested sod. Yes
Mesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Yes
Mikania micrantha (bitter vine) Yes
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Eggs, crawlers/adults. Common pathway Yes
Moringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Mulch Yes Ranjan et al., 1999; Singh and Singh, 2001
Muntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Accidentally introduced in greenhouses/nurseries of California, Spain and New Zealand via coco fiber imported from Sri Lanka Yes Hrusa et al., 2002; James et al., 2012
Paspalum notatum (Bahia grass)Used for hay/mulch Yes Yes Cook et al., 2005
Pectobacterium brasiliense (soft rot and blackleg of ornamentals and potato) Yes Yes
Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Yes
Polypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Yes
Pyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Yes
Raoiella indica (red palm mite)On palm handicrafts between islands in the Caribbean Yes
Salsola kali (common saltwort) Yes
Salsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Yes
Sphaerodactylus vincenti (Saint Vincent dwarf gecko)Possible invasion pathway by humans Yes Daltry, 2009
Sporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Yes Yes
Theba pisana (white garden snail) Yes Godan, 1983; Hanna, 1966
Themeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)Contaminant Yes Yes Keir and Vogler, 2006
Tithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)Seeds as contaminants Yes Yes BioNET-EAFRINET, 2018
Uraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer) Yes Yes
Vespa velutina (Asian hornet) Yes Yes