Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Containers and packaging - non-wood (pathway vector)

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Datasheet

Containers and packaging - non-wood (pathway vector)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Containers and packaging - non-wood (pathway vector)
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Containers and packaging - non-wood (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)Adults Yes Stanaway et al., 2001
Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Yes Yes
Anoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Yes Yes
Aromia bungii (red necked longicorn)accidental Yes Reid and Cannon, 2010; Smith, 2009
Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Fruits infested with larvae and/or eggs Yes Yes
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes
Candidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Yes Yes Meissner et al., 2009
Citrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Yes
Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesErect plants Yes Yes Carlton and Scanlon, 1985
Crepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)During the 1970s from USA or Japan to Europe Yes
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virusPotential for movement through contaminated packing materials Yes
Culex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Adult and larvae Yes Yes Joyce, 1961
Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Yes Yes
Erwinia amylovora (fireblight)E. amylovora seems to be able to survive on some plastics but not on rigid high density polyethylene Yes Yes Ceroni et al., 2004; Keck et al., 1996
Eucheuma spp.Live vegetative stage Yes
Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Cysts Yes Inagarki, 2004
Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Frequently can occur accidentally due to H. halys seeking sheltered overwintering sites. Yes Yes
Harmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Found in UK packing cases from Canada Yes Stanaway et al., 2001
Hypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Adults Yes Yes
Leptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)The small dimension of the pest could help its spread as a hitchhiker, especially in refrigerated containers Yes Yes
Limax maximus (leopard slug)Not uncommon Yes Yes
Microstegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Possible vector into US Yes Fairbrothers and Gray, 1972
Mikania micrantha (bitter vine) Yes Yes
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Eggs, crawlers/adults. Rare pathway Yes
Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Yes Yes PAG, 2000
Pennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Yes Yes
Plantago asiatica mosaic virusPlAMV has been detected in milled sphagnum used to package lily bulbs imported from the Netherlands; if this packaging is mixed into plant growth medium without sterilization, transmission to susceptible hosts could occur Yes Yes Stanaway et al., 2001
Polypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Yes
Rhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Larvae might be overlooked when infestation level is low Yes Yes
Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Yes Yes
Sicyos angulatus (burcucumber)Seed Yes Kurokawa et al., 2009
Solidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)Hypothetical Yes Yes
Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Yes Yes
Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)Potentially introduced to Washington state as discarded packaging material for shipments of oysters. Yes Yes Cohen and Carlton, 1995
Spermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Yes
Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Yes
Striga asiatica (witch weed) Yes Yes
Tapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Observed associated with metal containers and exports into New Zealand Yes Yes Harris et al., 2005
Theba pisana (white garden snail) Yes Robinson, 1999
Thecaphora frezii (peanut smut)Spores can contaminate peanut products destined for exportation (edible grain, blanched and crushed peanut) Yes Stanaway et al., 2001
Uraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer) Yes
Vespa velutina (Asian hornet) Yes Yes
Vespula germanica (German wasp) Yes Yes