Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Bait (pathway vector)



Bait (pathway vector)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bait (pathway vector)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bait (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acanthogobius flavimanus Yes Nico and Fuller, 2008
Acentrogobius pflaumii Yes Yes NIMPIS, 2002
Achatina fulica (giant African land snail) Yes
Alburnus alburnus (bleak) Yes Welcomme, 1988
Alitta succinea (pile worm)Possibly, via sport fishing Yes
Alosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Yes USGS, 2015
Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)Known within native range in Canada (N Mandrak, DFO, Canada, personal communication, 2009) Yes Litvak and Mandrak, 1993
Aphanomyces astaciInfected crayfish used as angling bait Yes Yes Oidtmann et al., 2005
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Yes Yes Picco and Collins, 2008
Bothriocephalus acheilognathiBait fish transfers spread the parasite into the U.S. southwest Yes Yes Heckmann et al., 1993; Scholz et al., 2012; Boonthai et al., 2017
Carassius carassius (crucian carp) Yes
Carcinus maenas (European shore crab) Yes Nico and Fuller, 2008
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009
Cherax destructor (yabby) Yes Lynas et al., 2007
Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesErect plants Yes Carlton and Scanlon, 1985
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Yes
Daphnia lumholtziD. lumholtzi can survive in boat live wells during summer months Yes Yes Havel and Stelzeinni-Schwent, 2000
Dreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)Larvae can be transported with water in bait buckets Yes Yes Johnson et al., 2001
Faxonius virilis (virile crayfish)Juveniles and adults used as fishing bait Yes Yes DiStefano et al., 2009; Lodge et al., 2000
Gymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)ruffe used as bait in the UK Yes Maitland, 1972; Maitland and East, 1989; Winfield, 1992
Leuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Yes
Limnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Larval stages in water Yes Belz, 2006
Littorina littorea (common periwinkle)Adult hitchikers in rockweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) used for packing of bait worms or shellfish Yes Carlton, 2007; San Francisco Estuary Partnership, 2009
Lumbricus terrestris Yes Yes Scaps, 2004; Tomlin, 1983
Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Known within native range in Canada (N Mandrak, DFO, Canada, personal communication, 2009) Yes Litvak and Mandrak, 1993
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Yes Allen et al., 2002
Palaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Yes
Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Larvae Yes Fuller et al., 2008
Phoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Yes Yes
Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Yes Yes USGS, 2012
Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)adults Yes Cross and Haslouer, 1984; Hubbs et al., 1977
Pomacea maculataJuveniles, adults (if used as bait) Yes Yes
Procambarus acutus acutus Yes Yes Taylor et al., 2007
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Yes
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)Juveniles and adults Yes
Rutilus rutilus (roach) Yes Yes Griffiths, 1997; Welcomme, 1988
Scardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Yes
Squalius cephalus (European chub) Yes
Umbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Yes Verreycken et al., 2010