Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Bait (pathway vector)



Bait (pathway vector)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Vector
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bait (pathway vector)
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bait (pathway vector)

Species Transported by Vector

Top of page
SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acanthogobius flavimanus Yes Nico and Fuller (2008)
Acentrogobius pflaumii Yes Yes NIMPIS (2002)
Achatina fulica (giant African land snail) Yes
Alburnus alburnus (bleak) Yes Welcomme (1988)
Alitta succinea (pile worm)Possibly, via sport fishing Yes
Alosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Yes USGS (2015)
Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)Known within native range in Canada (N Mandrak, DFO, Canada, personal communication, 2009) Yes Litvak and Mandrak (1993)
Aphanomyces astaciInfected crayfish used as angling bait Yes Yes Oidtmann et al. (2005)
Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Adult Yes
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Yes Yes Picco and Collins (2008)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathiBait fish transfers spread the parasite into the U.S. southwest Yes Yes Heckmann et al. (1993); Scholz et al. (2012); Boonthai et al. (2017)
Carassius carassius (crucian carp) Yes
Carcinus maenas (European shore crab) Yes Cohen et al. (1995)
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004); Froese and Pauly (2009)
Cherax destructor (yabby) Yes Lynas et al. (2007)
Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesErect plants Yes Carlton and Scanlon (1985)
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Yes
Daphnia lumholtziD. lumholtzi can survive in boat live wells during summer months Yes Yes Havel and Stelzeinni-Schwent (2000)
Dreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)Larvae can be transported with water in bait buckets Yes Yes Johnson et al. (2001)
Faxonius virilis (virile crayfish)Juveniles and adults used as fishing bait Yes Yes DiStefano et al. (2009); Lodge et al. (2000)
Gymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)ruffe used as bait in the UK Yes Maitland (1972); Maitland and East (1989); Winfield (1992)
Leuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Yes
Limnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Larval stages in water Yes Belz (2006)
Littorina littorea (common periwinkle)Adult hitchikers in rockweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) used for packing of bait worms or shellfish Yes Carlton (2007); San Francisco Estuary Partnership (2009)
Lumbricus terrestris Yes Yes Scaps (2004); Tomlin (1983)
Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Known within native range in Canada (N Mandrak, DFO, Canada, personal communication, 2009) Yes Litvak and Mandrak (1993)
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Yes Allen et al. (2002)
Palaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Yes
Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Larvae Yes Fuller et al. (2008)
Phoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Yes Yes
Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Yes Yes USGS (2012)
Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)adults Yes Cross and Haslouer (1984); Hubbs et al. (1977)
Pomacea maculataJuveniles, adults (if used as bait) Yes Yes
Procambarus acutus acutus Yes Yes Taylor et al. (2007)
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Yes
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)Juveniles and adults Yes
Rutilus rutilus (roach) Yes Yes Griffiths (1997); Welcomme (1988)
Scardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Yes
Squalius cephalus (European chub) Yes
Umbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Yes Verreycken et al. (2010)