Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Military movements (pathway cause)



Military movements (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Military movements (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Military movements (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Amphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)On vessels Yes Yes Carlton et al. (2011)
Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Yes
Anolis extremus (Barbados anole)Bermuda introduction to naval dockyard in 1940s Yes Lever (2003)
Anoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Yes
Blattella germanica (German cockroach) Yes Wright and McDaniel (1973)
Boiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Yes
Campylopus introflexus Yes
Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Important historically for introductions around the Pacific and neighbouring countries Yes McFadyen (2002)
Cochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Very low risk Yes Yes
Culex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Larvae in bilge water or cargo. Adults in cargo or aeroplane cabins. Yes Joyce (1961); Lounibos (2002); Ward (1984)
Equus caballus [ISC] (horse) Yes Yes
Erionota torus (banana skipper)Military aircraft have been suggested as the pathway for entry to Mauritius. Yes Cock (2015); Waterhouse and Norris (1989)
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)accidental; nymphs and adults Yes Yes
Gambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)For mosquito control Yes
Globodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Yes Yes
Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Yes Yes Brodie (1998)
Heracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Yes Yes
Heterotheca grandiflora (telegraph weed)Transported between bases in military sandbags Yes Oahu Army Natural Resource Program (2014)
Jatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Yes
Limax maximus (leopard slug)Accidental transport with vegetation, soil, machinery and packaging Yes Yes
Macaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Yes Yes
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Yes Yes
Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Movement of soil on equipment. Yes Yes
Mesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Accidental Yes
Mikania micrantha (bitter vine) Yes Yes
Mus musculus (house mouse) Yes
Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Aircraft and machinery parts during World War II. Yes Yes Auld et al. (1983)
Pluchea carolinensis (sourbush)Accidentally introduced as a result of military activity Yes Yes PIER (2015)
Styela clava (Asian tunicate) Yes Yes
Trypanosoma evansiProbably introduced to the Americas with the horses of the Spanish conquistadores Yes Hoare (1965)
Verbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Unintentional transport of seeds on military vehicle tires within and between Hawaiian Islands. Yes Yes Woodward (1972)