Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Internet sales (pathway cause)

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Datasheet

Internet sales (pathway cause)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Internet sales (pathway cause)

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Internet sales (pathway cause); screen-grab of a typical internet sales site; in this case advertising "frogbit" or Limnobium laevigatum (West Indian spongeplant).
TitleScreen-grab of an internet sales site
CaptionInternet sales (pathway cause); screen-grab of a typical internet sales site; in this case advertising "frogbit" or Limnobium laevigatum (West Indian spongeplant).
Copyright©CABI-2016
Internet sales (pathway cause); screen-grab of a typical internet sales site; in this case advertising "frogbit" or Limnobium laevigatum (West Indian spongeplant).
Screen-grab of an internet sales siteInternet sales (pathway cause); screen-grab of a typical internet sales site; in this case advertising "frogbit" or Limnobium laevigatum (West Indian spongeplant).©CABI-2016

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Internet sales (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Abelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)Seeds available online Yes Yes Amazon.com search (2018)
Abutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)Seeds available on the internet. Yes Yes
Abutilon indicum (country mallow)Seeds available for sale at various sites that will ship locally or internationally Yes Yes
Acacia angustissima (prairie acacia)Plants and seeds are available for purchase through various sites worldwide. Yes Yes
Acacia longifolia (golden wattle)Seeds for sale available on gardening Internet sites; some will mail internationally. Yes Yes
Achatina fulica (giant African land snail) Yes Yes
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)Seeds and cultivars available at various Internet sites. Yes Yes
Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Yes Yes
Ageratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)Seeds sold over the internet. Yes Yes
Akebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Yes Dave's Garden (2014)
Allamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Alocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Aloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Alternanthera bettzickiana (calico plant)Advertised at a few internet sites as an ornamental. Yes Yes
Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine) Yes Yes
Amynthas agrestis (crazy worm)Can be ordered online Yes Yes Ziemba et al. (2016)
Antigonon leptopus (coral vine)Seeds and plants sold online and in nurseries Yes Yes Burke and DiTommaso (2011)
Aphanomyces astaci Yes Yes Oidtmann et al. (2005)
Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Yes Yes
Argyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)Seeds and plants sold over the internet. Yes Yes PROTA (2016)
Aronia x prunifolia Yes Yes
Asparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Yes Yes
Asparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Yes Yes
Asparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)Seeds and plants available for sale at nurseries and the Internet Yes Yes
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus) Yes
Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus) Yes
Axonopus fissifolius Yes
Bambusa longispiculata (mahal bamboo)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Bambusa tuldoides (punting pole bamboo)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Basella alba (malabar spinach)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Blighia sapida (akee apple)Seeds available for purchase online Yes
Bocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Promoted as an ornamental Yes Yes DavesGarden (2013)
Bougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)Plants and seeds available online Yes Yes
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Not documented but possible Yes Yes
Brassica juncea (mustard) Yes Yes
Brassica rapa (field mustard)Seeds available at various sites Yes PROTA (2018)
Breynia disticha (snowbush)Available over the internet locally and internationally Yes
Brugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Yes
Buddleja asiatica (dog tail)For ornamental and medicinal purposes Yes Yes Plants for a Future (2013)
Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Yes Yes
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel) Yes
Canavalia gladiata (sword bean)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Canna indica (canna lilly) Yes
Carludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)Ornamental and economic use Yes Yes
Carpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)Sold as an ornamental at various nurseries and Internet sites Yes Yes Dave's Garden (2019)
Carpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Yes
Cascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Caulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)Unproven but suspected Yes
Cecropia peltata (trumpet tree)Available for purchase in the USA Yes Yes
Centaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed) Yes
Centratherum punctatum (lark daisy)Seeds sold online (http://davesgarden.com) Yes Yes
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail) Yes
Channa argus argus (northern snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004)
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004); Froese and Pauly (2009)
Chloris gayana (Rhodes grass)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Chrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Cissus quadrangularis (treebine)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Cissus verticillata (possum grape vine)Sold online Yes Yes
Clerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)Plants and seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (chaya)Plants and cuttings available over the internet Yes Yes Dave’s Garden (2019)
Coix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Fruits are sold online Yes Yes
Cornu aspersum (common garden snail) Yes
Cornus sericea (redosier dogwood)Europe, Australia Yes EPPO (2009); Gardening Australia (2009)
Cosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)Popular garden plant Yes Yes
Cosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Yes Yes Jansen (2005)
Crassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Yes Yes
Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Yes Yes Environment Agency (2003)
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Cucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)Sold online Yes Yes
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Cupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress) Yes Yes Sheffield’s Seed Company (2017)
Cydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Possible patheway of introduction to Europe Yes
Cylindropuntia fulgida (jumping cholla)Propagules of C. fulgida are easily found in online-shops to be shipped all over the world Yes
Cylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)Propagules of C. fulgida are easily found in online-shops to be shipped all over the world Yes
Cynoglossum amabile (Chinese forget-me-not) Yes Dave’s Garden (2017); Johnny’s Selected Seeds (2017)
Datura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Yes
Deparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)May result in spore distribution in new and distant regions Yes
Derris elliptica (tuba root)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Desmodium cajanifolium (tropical tick trefoil)Although not currently available, it appears on some horticultural Internet sites Yes Yes Dave’s Garden (2020)
Dickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)Seed potatoes and hyacinth bulbs are bought by hobby gardeners Yes
Dieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Yes Dave's Garden (2017)
Dimorphotheca sinuata (Cape marigold)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Diplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)Available for sale online Yes Yes
Dolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Yes Yes
Dombeya wallichii (pink ball) Yes Yes
Dracaena fragrans (corn plant)Plants and seeds available for sale online Yes Yes
Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Yes Yes Lenda et al. (2014)
Eichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Yes Schmitz et al. (1998)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Elodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Yes Millane and Caffrey; 2014
Emilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Entada gigas (sea-bean) Yes Yes
Epidendrum radicans (crucifix orchid) Yes Yes
Epiphyllum oxypetalum (dutchman's-pipe cactus)Cuttings and plants sold online Yes Yes
Erigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Widely available on the internet (F Barthelat, IUCN Caribbean, Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe, pers obs) Yes Yes
Eriobotrya japonica (loquat)Plants and seeds sold online Yes Yes
Euonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Plants are available for sale on numerous internet sites Yes ISSG (2013)
Euonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Yes
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Yes
Euphorbia leucocephala (white Christmas bush)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Euphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)Seeds and plants for sale online Yes Yes
Euphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)Plants and seeds sold online Yes Yes
Euphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Ornamental Yes Yes Arnold (2010)
Euphorbia trigona (African milk weed)Widely available online Yes Yes
Funtumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Some products derived from F. elastica are available over the internet. Yes Yes
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum (Fusarium wilt of watermelon)On infested seed Yes
Galphimia glauca (goldshower)Seeds sold online Yes Yes Dave’s Garden (2016)
Galphimia gracilis (goldshower)Plants and seeds sold online Yes Yes
Garcinia dulcis (yellow mangosteen)Seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Glyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Yes eBay (2009); Seeds-by-size (2009)
Gossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)Seeds available for purchase online Yes Yes
Gunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)Sites selling the species can be found by an internet search Yes
Hedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Yes Yes Dave's Garden (2014)
Hedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Yes
Hedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Yes
Hedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Yes
Helenium amarum (bitterweed)Deliberate introduction Yes Yes
Helianthus debilis (beach sunflower)Seeds and plants for sale online Yes Yes
Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Yes
Heteropogon contortus (spear grass) Yes Yes
Hiptage benghalensis (hiptage) Yes
Humulus scandens (Japanese hop) Yes
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Yes Yes Catling et al. (2003)
Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Yes Ramey (2001)
Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane)a potential source of invasion, as seed is available online Yes Yes
Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)assumed, see mail/post Yes
Ipomoea alba (white moonflower )Sold online Yes Yes Dave's Garden (2016)
Ipomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)Seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Ipomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Ipomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)Seeds and plants are sold online Yes Yes Dave's Garden (2017)
Ipomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)Sold on horticulture websites Yes Yes
Ipomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)Seeds sold online (http://davesgarden.com) Yes Yes
Ipomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)Sold on horticulture websites Yes Yes
Iris domestica (blackberry lily)Available from various internet sites Yes Yes
Ixora casei (giant red ixora)Plants and seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Ixora coccinea (flame-of-the-woods)Deliberate sales Yes Yes
Jasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)plants sold in gardening websites and online retailers Yes Yes ebay (2016); Top Tropicals (2016)
Jatropha curcas (jatropha) Yes Pitt (1999)
Jatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Yes
Jatropha integerrima (peregrina)It is widely available online Yes Yes
Juncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Can be purchased from native seed suppliers and nurseries in North America and Europe Yes
Juncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Yes
Justicia pectoralis (freshcut)Seeds and plants sold online - http://davesgarden.com Yes Yes
Kalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)Plant sold online (http://davesgarden.com) Yes Yes
Kalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes BioNET-EAFRINET (2011)
Laelia rubescens (flor de la concepción) Yes
Lagarosiphon major (African elodea) Yes Australia Natural Heritage Trust (2003)
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) Yes Yes Maki and Galatowitsch (2004)
Leptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Yes Yes
Leucophyllum frutescens (Texas barometer bush)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Ligustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)Widely used as ornamental and hedge plants Yes Swarbrick et al. (1999)
Ligustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Yes Yes
Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet)Widespread hedging plant Yes
Limnomysis benedeniOffers on aquarist internet sites Yes Yes Wittmann and Ariani (2009)
Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Yes Yes
Livistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)Seeds and seedlings Yes Yes
Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)Available for sale on numerous sites Yes
Ludwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Yes Yes
Ludwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)Plants sale online Yes Yes
Ludwigia peploides (water primrose) Yes Yes
Lygodium flexuosum (maidenhair creeper)Available at nurseries and on Internet websites. Yes Yes USDA-APHIS-PPQ (2009)
Lygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)Spores sold as traditional medicine Yes Ferriter (2001)
Lygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Yes Yes
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Yes USDA-NRCS (2007)
Malvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)Plants for sale online Yes Yes
Maranta arundinacea (arrowroot)Plants and rhizomes available online Yes Yes
Melinis repens (natal redtop)Seeds available online Yes California Native Plant Link Exchange (2012)
Mentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Yes Yes
Merremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)seeds sold online Yes Yes Le Jardin Naturel (2016)
Merremia cissoides (roadside woodrose)seeds sold online Yes Yes Sunshine Seeds (2016)
Merremia umbellata (hogvine)Seeds sold online Yes Yes Sunshine Seeds (2016)
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Yes Yes
Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Yes
Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Yes
Mirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Seeds available for purchase locally and internationally. Yes Yes
Miscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Species available via nurseries in North America and Australia Yes
Morinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)Seeds and fruits sold online Yes Yes
Muntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Seeds and potted plants are sold online Yes Yes Top Tropicals (2016)
Mussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)Seeds and plants available online Yes Yes
Mussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)Seeds and plants available online Yes Yes
Myriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Yes Yes Kay and Hoyle (2001); Moody et al. (2008)
Myriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil) Yes Yes Live Aquaria (2017)
Myriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Yes Yes
Nandina domestica (Nandina)Widely available from internet sources Yes
Nymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Yes NWCB (2007)
Ocimum gratissimum (African basil)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Opuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)From mail order catalogues Yes
Pachira aquatica (pachira nut)Potted plants and seeds are sold online Yes Yes
Paederia foetida (skunkvine)Seeds available for ordering on-line Yes
Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)Trade in infested plant material via courier or mail Yes
Parmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Seeds are sold online Yes Yes
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Paspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)plants and seeds available for sale locally and internationally Yes Yes
Paspalum notatum (Bahia grass)Several commercial cultivars are available Yes Yes Heuzé and Tran (2016)
Passion fruit woodiness virus (passionfruit woodiness disease)Accidental with exchange of live Passiflora plant material Yes Baker et al. (2014)
Pennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)Seeds and plants available for purchase online Yes
Pentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)Seeds and plants available online Yes Yes
Petrea volubilis (queen's wreath)Plants and cuttings available over the internet and at nurseries worldwide Yes Yes PROTA (2019); Dave's Garden (2019)
Plumeria rubra (red frangipani)Plants for sale online Yes Yes
Poecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Yes Magalhães and Jacobi (2010)
Polyscias balfouriana (Balfour aralia)Plants for sale online Yes Yes
Polyscias fruticosa (ming aralia)Seeds and plants for sale online Yes Yes
Polyscias guilfoylei (geranium aralia)Plants for sale online Yes Yes
Potamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Yes Maki and Galatowitsch (2004)
Procambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Europe/USA Yes Yes Chucholl (2010); Faulkes (2010)
Prunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry) Yes Yes GISD (2011)
Pseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)On ornamental plants Yes Yes
Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Pteris multifida (spider brake)Available at some internet sites Yes Yes
Pteris tripartita (giant brake)Sold at a few internet sites Yes Yes
Ptychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Available from various internet sites; rare and expensive Yes Yes
Pyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)Seeds and plants sold over the internet Yes Yes
Rivina humilis (bloodberry)Assumed Yes
Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Likely Yes
Russelia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Sold as an ornamental at internet sites Yes Yes
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes Yes ISSG (2009)
Sambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)Seeds and plants for sale online Yes Yes
Sanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Sansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)Plants and seeds are still sold by internet Yes Yes ISSG (2012)
Sansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)Plants and seeds are still sold over the internet Yes Yes ISSG (2012)
Schizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Yes Yes
Senecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio) Yes
Senna alata (candle bush)Seeds and plants available locally at on internet sites. Yes Yes
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Solanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Solanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)Seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Solidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Yes Yes
Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Yes
Solidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod)Hypothetical Yes Yes
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Spartium junceum (Spanish broom)Seeds are sold online Yes Yes
Spathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Several companies sell seeds for ornamental purposes Yes
Stachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Yes Kuo (2003)
Sterculia apetala (Panama tree)Seeds and plants are available for sale at internet sites and nurseries Yes Yes
Syngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Tabebuia rosea (pink poui) Yes Yes PROTA (2016)
Tagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)Seed available online Yes Yes
Tamarindus indica (tamarind)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Tecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)Seeds sold online Yes Yes
Thunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)Plants and seeds for sale online Yes Yes
Thunbergia fragrans (whitelady)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Thymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)Seeds are available at various internet sites worldwide Yes Yes
Tithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)Seeds available online Yes Yes
Tradescantia pallida (purple queen)Plants sold online Yes Yes
Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Trapa natans (waterchestnut) Yes Yes
Triphasia trifolia (limeberry)Seeds and plants sold online Yes Yes
Turbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Yes Yes
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle) Yes
Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)Plants and seeds for sale Yes Yes
Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Yes Yes Dave's Garden (2016)
Zinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Yes Yes