Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)



Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Interbasin transfers (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Alburnus alburnus (bleak) Yes Welcomme (1988)
Ameiurus melas (black bullhead) Yes Yes
Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Yes
Anguillicoloides crassusTransfers of eels by man Yes Yes
Aphanomyces astaci Yes Yes Oidtmann et al. (2005)
Carassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Yes Yes
Channa argus argus (northern snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004)
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004); Froese and Pauly (2009)
Chelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Yes Yes Jazdzewski and Konopacka (2002); Vaate et al. (2002)
Cichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)The species has naturally dispersed following introduction in Florida, Panama and Brazil Yes Espínola et al. (2015); Shafland (1999); Zaret and Paine (1973)
Coptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)On boats or ship Yes Yes
Corbula amurensis (Amur River clam)Coastal areas in Northwest Pacific between 22-53 N are all possible Yes Carlton et al. (1990)
Coregonus albula (vendace) Yes
Crassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Yes
Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Yes CAPM-CEH (2004)
Crepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Regular practices of shellfish farmers. Yes Blanchard (1995)
Deparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Downstream spread of vegetative propagules and spores is possible. Yes Yes
Dickeya zeae (bacterial stalk rot of maize) Yes Yes
Dikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp) Yes Yes Jazdzewski and Konopacka (2002); Vaate et al. (2002)
Dreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)Shipping though interbasin canals and overland transportations of recreational boats/fishing gear Yes Yes Orlova et al. (2004); Ricciardi et al. (1995); Wong and Gerstenberger (2011)
Eriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)As larvae in ballast water Yes Yes
Gammarus tigrinusMainly in ship ballast waters Yes Yes Grigorovich et al. (2005); Grigorovich et al. (2008); Kotta et al. (2013); Kotta et al. (2014)
Halophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)Accidental Yes Lipkin (1975a)
Herichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)Occurred in Texas between 1928 and 1943 Yes Nico et al. (2015)
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae Yes Yes USGS-NAS (2002)
Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Yes FNW Disseminules (2007)
Hymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Potentially through waterfowl Yes Australian Weeds Committee (2012)
Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Yes Yes
Lates niloticus (Nile perch) Yes Yes Pringle (2005)
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed)A. Mikulyuk, Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources, USA, personal communcation, 2010 Yes
Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)Expanded its range to several US states Yes Yes USGS (2013)
Leuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Yes
Ludwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Yes Okada et al. (2009); Ruaux et al. (2009)
Ludwigia peploides (water primrose) Yes Ruaux et al. (2009)
Microcosmus squamigerOn ship hulls Yes Godwin (2003)
Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Yes Yes
Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Yes
Myriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Yes Yes
Myxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)Stocking of subclincally infected fish Yes Yes Bartholomew and Reno (2002)
Neogobius melanostomus (round goby) Yes Jude et al. (1992)
Oryza barthiiAssumed Yes
Phoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Yes
Phragmites australis (common reed) Yes
Pinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Yes Zenetos et al. (2004b)
Pontogammarus robustoides Yes Yes Grabowski (2002)
Portunus segnis Yes Yes Galil (2011)
Pseudodiaptomus marinusAccidental, often in ballast waters Yes Yes Brylinski et al. (2012)
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Yes Yes Copp et al. (2005a)
Rapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Yes ICES (2004)
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes ISSG (2009)
Sander lucioperca (pike-perch) Yes Yes
Schizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)On vessels hulls Yes Yes Ryland et al. (2014)
Silurus asotus (Amur catfish) Yes Yes Manchin and Dgebuadze (2010)
Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Yes Yes
Squalius cephalus (European chub) Yes
Trapa natans (waterchestnut) Yes GBIF (2008)
Typha domingensis (southern cattail)Achenes and rhizomes disperse with water currents. Yes Grace and Harrison (1986); Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992)
Typha x glauca (hybrid cattail)Masses of fruits and hairs or rhizome fragments disperse with water currents Yes Grace and Harrison (1986); Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992)