Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Industrial purposes (pathway cause)



Industrial purposes (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Industrial purposes (pathway cause)
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Industrial purposes (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

Top of page
SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Abelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)Extraction of ambrette oil from the seeds Yes Yes PROSEA (2016)
Acacia decurrens (green wattle)Introduced to other parts of Australia and other countries, e.g. South Africa, Hawaii and Indonesia, for tanning bark industry Yes Yes Orchard and Wilson (2001); Weeds of Australia (2016)
Acacia mearnsii (black wattle)Important source of high quality tannin Yes Yes Wiersum (1991)
Acacia saligna (coojong)Species was introduced to South Africa for production of tannin dye Yes Doran and Turnbull (1997)
Agave fourcroydes (henequen)Fibre production Yes Yes Colunga-GarcíaMarín (2003)
Agave sisalana (sisal hemp) Yes Yes Rehm and Espig (1991)
Aloe vera (true aloe)Food, cosmetic, medicinal and pharmaceutical uses Yes Yes USDA-ARS (2017)
Alpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)Fibre used for paper production Yes Hanelt et al. (2001)
Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)Factory imports Yes Jehlík (1984)
Arundo donax (giant reed) Yes Yes Low and Booth (2007)
Bambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)Raw material for paper, pulp and plywood industries Yes Yes Duriyaprapan and Jansen (1995)
Bambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Stems widely used commercially Yes Yes Dransfield and Widjaja (1995)
Bipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats) Yes Yes
Brassica juncea (mustard)Oil production Yes Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (2008)
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes Jehlik and Slavik (1968)
Candidatus Liberibacter africanus (African greening)Fruit juicing / oil extraction – fruit and seed (not pathways)
Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Fruit industries that decide to establish their own orchards from imported cuttings Yes
Chrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)Extensively cultivated to extract oil from its roots for use in perfumery, cosmetics, medicine etc. Yes Yes Gnansounou et al. (2017)
Cocos nucifera (coconut)Coconut oil Yes Yes Chan and Elevitch (2006)
Cornu aspersum (common garden snail) Yes
Corymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)The citronellal-rich oil is a preferred natural source for the production of hydroxycitronellal, cit Yes Yes Doran (1999)
Crassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Yes Yes
Cupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Essential oil is distilled from the shoots Yes Yes PROTA (2015)
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans) Yes Yes
Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)Essential oils Yes Yes USDA-ARS (2016)
Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Yes Floridata (2014)
Dipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Yes Yes
Dysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Herbal tea and essential oils Yes Yes Prota4U (2013)
Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Yes Duke (1983)
Eucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Pulpwood production Yes Yes Orwa et al. (2009)
Funtumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Introduced in various countries for latex production trials Yes Yes Hanelt (2018)
Gracilaria tikvahiae (graceful red weed) Yes Yes
Indigofera spicata (creeping indigo)Cultivated as a source of indigo dye Yes Yes Duke (1981)
Indigofera tinctoria (true indigo)Historically important as a primary source of indigo dye and introduced widely for that purpose Yes Yes Duke (1981); MacFadyen (1837); Seidemann (2005)
Isatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)Dyeing from pre-history though to industrial scale. Yes Yes
Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)Commercially cultivated for its essential oil Yes Yes PROSEA (2016)
Jatropha curcas (jatropha) Yes Pitt (1999)
Lawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Henna dye production Yes Yes USDA-ARS (2017)
Lemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)For waste water treatment Yes Yes Edwards et al. (1992)
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) Yes Ruenglertpanyakul et al. (2004)
Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Yes
Lonicera confusaUsed as a beverage base Yes Feng et al. (2014)
Luffa acutangula (angled luffa) Yes Yes PROTA (2016)
Lycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)Materials that are exposed to the environment may have egg masses deposited on them before transport Yes Yes
Maranta arundinacea (arrowroot)Starch production Yes Yes Erdman and Erdman (1984)
Myroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)For gum production Yes Yes
Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Formerly used as a fibre crop Yes Yes Ryan et al. (2012)
Phragmites australis (common reed) Yes Yes
Pimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Yes
Pinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Used in the production of resin, fibre, paper, charcoal, and woodware Yes Yes Francis (1992)
Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)potato processing industry when not using waste treatment or waste treatment with only aerobic steps Yes Yes Janse (2012); Janse et al. (1998)
Reutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)Seeds for oil production Yes Yes USDA-ARS (2014)
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes Yes Espinoza-Quiñones et al. (2009)
Senna italica (Senegal senna)Dried, powdered leaves are traded internationally for the production of henna Yes Yes Okeyo and Bosch (2007)
Solanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)Fruits used for synthesis of corticosteroids and sex hormones Yes Yes Hill and Hulley (1995)
Solanum tuberosum (potato)Crop processed for many uses Yes Yes
Sporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Chrome ore Yes Reed (1954)
Tagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)Planted on a large scale for pigment extraction Yes Yes Heuzé et al. (2017)
Tamarindus indica (tamarind)Fruit pulp used for jams, jellies, candies, syrups, cakes, ice cream, beverages, etc. Yes Yes Orwa et al. (2009)
Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Yes Yes Calheiros et al. (2009); Ciria et al. (2005); USDA-NRCS (2010)