Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Industrial purposes (pathway cause)



Industrial purposes (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Industrial purposes (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Industrial purposes (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Abelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)Extraction of ambrette oil from the seeds Yes Yes PROSEA, 2016
Acacia mearnsii (black wattle)Important source of high quality tannin Yes Yes Wiersum, 1991
Agave fourcroydes (henequen)Fibre production Yes Yes Colunga-GarcíaMarín, 2003
Agave sisalana (sisal hemp) Yes Yes Rehm and Espig, 1991
Aloe vera (true aloe)Food, cosmetic, medicinal and pharmaceutical uses Yes Yes USDA-ARS, 2017
Alpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)Fibre used for paper production Yes Hanelt et al., 2001
Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)Factory imports Yes Jehlík, 1984
Arundo donax (giant reed) Yes Yes Low and Booth, 2007
Bambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)Raw material for paper, pulp and plywood industries Yes Yes Duriyaprapan and Jansen, 1995
Bambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Stems widely used commercially Yes Yes Dransfield and Widjaja, 1995
Bipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats) Yes Yes
Brassica juncea (mustard)Oil production Yes Office of the Gene Technology Regulator, 2008
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes Jehlik and Slavik, 1968
Cocos nucifera (coconut)Coconut oil Yes Yes Chan and Elevitch, 2006
Cornu aspersum (common garden snail) Yes
Corymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)The citronellal-rich oil is a preferred natural source for the production of hydroxycitronellal, cit Yes Yes Doran, 1999
Crassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Yes Yes
Cupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)Essential oil is distilled from the shoots Yes Yes PROTA, 2015
Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)Essential oils Yes Yes USDA-ARS, 2016
Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Yes Floridata, 2014
Dipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Yes Yes
Dysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Herbal tea and essential oils Yes Yes Prota4U, 2013
Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Yes Duke, 1983
Eucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Pulpwood production Yes Yes Orwa et al., 2009
Funtumia elastica (West African rubber tree)Introduced in various countries for latex production trials Yes Yes Hanelt, 2018
Gracilaria tikvahiae (graceful red weed) Yes Yes
Indigofera spicata (creeping indigo)Cultivated as a source of indigo dye Yes Yes Duke, 1981
Indigofera tinctoria (true indigo)Historically important as a primary source of indigo dye and introduced widely for that purpose Yes Yes Duke, 1981; MacFadyen, 1837; Seidemann, 2005
Isatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)Dyeing from pre-history though to industrial scale. Yes Yes
Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)Commercially cultivated for its essential oil Yes Yes PROSEA, 2016
Jatropha curcas (jatropha) Yes Pitt, 1999
Lawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Henna dye production Yes Yes USDA-ARS, 2017
Lemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)For waste water treatment Yes Yes Edwards et al., 1992
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) Yes Ruenglertpanyakul et al., 2004
Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Yes
Liberibacter africanus (African greening)Fruit industries that decide to establish their own orchids from imported cuttings Yes
Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Fruit industries that decide to establish their own orchards from imported cuttings Yes
Lonicera confusaUsed as a beverage base Yes Feng et al., 2014
Luffa acutangula (angled luffa) Yes Yes PROTA, 2016
Maranta arundinacea (arrowroot)Starch production Yes Yes Erdman and Erdman, 1984
Myroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)For gum production Yes Yes
Phormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Formerly used as a fibre crop Yes Yes Ryan et al., 2012
Phragmites australis (common reed) Yes Yes
Pimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Yes
Pinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Used in the production of resin, fibre, paper, charcoal, and woodware Yes Yes Francis, 1992
Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)potato processing industry when not using waste treatment or waste treatment with only aerobic steps Yes Yes Janse, 2012; Janse et al., 1998
Reutealis trisperma (Philippine tung)Seeds for oil production Yes Yes USDA-ARS, 2014
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes Yes Espinoza-Quiñones et al., 2009
Solanum tuberosum (potato)Crop processed for many uses Yes Yes
Sporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)Chrome ore Yes Reed, 1954
Tagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)Planted on a large scale for pigment extraction Yes Yes Heuzé et al., 2017
Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Yes Yes Calheiros et al., 2009; Ciria et al., 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2010