Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Harvesting fur, wool or hair (pathway cause)



Harvesting fur, wool or hair (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Harvesting fur, wool or hair (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Harvesting fur, wool or hair (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Yes
Achyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Yes Yes Lange et al. (2004)
Aegilops cylindrica Yes
Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)Accidentally shipped in wool exports Yes Stace (1997)
Bassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Yes
Bunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Yes
Centaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle) Yes Nesom (2004); Shimwell (2006)
Ceratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Yes
Lepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)Has been accidentally spread as contaminant in wool Yes NDFF (2016)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)On imported wall Yes Thompson et al. (1987)
Microlaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Uncommon, but has occurred to UK from poss. NZ or Australia in imported wool Yes Biological Records Centre (2012)
Neovison vison (American mink) Yes
Omorgus suberosus (hide beetle) Yes Yes Vaurie (1962)
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat) Yes
Procyon lotor (raccoon) Yes Aliev and Sanderson (1966)
Senecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Wool import; historic. No indication that accidental transportation with wool is still happening Yes Kuhbier (1977)
Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Possibly Yes Yes
Silybum marianum (variegated thistle) Yes Yes
Sporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Yes Yes
Sporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed)wool Yes Weldy et al. (2016)
Tapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Observed associated with wool exports in New Zealand Yes Yes Harris et al. (2005)
Tragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)Accidentally introduced to various countries as a contaminant of wool products Yes Yes Alien plants of Belgium (2020); SEINet (2020)
Triumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)Burs can be transported as a contaminant in wool Yes Yes Wells et al. (1986)
Ulex europaeus (gorse)In wool Yes Yes Tulang (1992)
Varanus niloticus (Nile monitor)Tanned skin trade Yes Enge et al. (2004)
Vulpia myuros (annual fescue)Seeds in wool from sheep grazing on Vulpia infested pastures. Accidental. Yes Yes Wallace (1997)
Xanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Yes Yes PIER (2013)
Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley) Yes Yes