Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Flooding and other natural disasters (pathway cause)

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Datasheet

Flooding and other natural disasters (pathway cause)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Flooding and other natural disasters (pathway cause)

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
A 66' long concrete dock, debris from the March 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA on June 5 2012.
TitleDebris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunami
CaptionA 66' long concrete dock, debris from the March 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA on June 5 2012.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
A 66' long concrete dock, debris from the March 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA on June 5 2012.
Debris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunamiA 66' long concrete dock, debris from the March 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA on June 5 2012.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
A 66' long concrete dock, debris from the 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA, on June 05 2012.
TitleDebris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunami
CaptionA 66' long concrete dock, debris from the 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA, on June 05 2012.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
A 66' long concrete dock, debris from the 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA, on June 05 2012.
Debris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunamiA 66' long concrete dock, debris from the 2011 tsunami in Tohuku, Japan, which washed ashore at Agate Beach one mile north of Newport, Oregon, USA, on June 05 2012.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Tsunami debris from a stranded floating dock; metal placard bearing Japanese text, showing details of manufacturer and fabrication date. Washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012
TitleDebris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunami in Japan
CaptionTsunami debris from a stranded floating dock; metal placard bearing Japanese text, showing details of manufacturer and fabrication date. Washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Tsunami debris from a stranded floating dock; metal placard bearing Japanese text, showing details of manufacturer and fabrication date. Washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012
Debris from the March 2011 Tohuku tsunami in JapanTsunami debris from a stranded floating dock; metal placard bearing Japanese text, showing details of manufacturer and fabrication date. Washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Undaria pinnatifida washed ashore in Oregon, USA, attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011.
TitleUndaria pinnatifida, commonly called 'wakame', a well known invasive
CaptionUndaria pinnatifida washed ashore in Oregon, USA, attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Undaria pinnatifida washed ashore in Oregon, USA, attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011.
Undaria pinnatifida, commonly called 'wakame', a well known invasiveUndaria pinnatifida washed ashore in Oregon, USA, attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Exotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
TitleExotic mussels and unidentified barnacles
CaptionExotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Exotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
Exotic mussels and unidentified barnaclesExotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Exotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
TitleExotic mussels and unidentified barnacles
CaptionExotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Exotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.
Exotic mussels and unidentified barnaclesExotic mussels (Mytilus edulis or M. galloprovicialis) and unidentified barnacles attached to a Japanese dock dislodged during the Tohoku tsunami of March 2011 and washed ashore in Oregon, USA in June 2012.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
TitleMarine organisms removed from the Agate Beach derelict dock were buried landward from the site
CaptionOregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
Marine organisms removed from the Agate Beach derelict dock were buried landward from the siteOregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
TitleMarine organisms removed from the Agate Beach derelict dock were buried landward from the site
CaptionOregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.
Marine organisms removed from the Agate Beach derelict dock were buried landward from the siteOregon Department of Fish & Wildlife staff and volunteers removed around a ton and a half of plant and animal material, which were then buried, landward from the site approx. 2.4m deep far above the furthest reach of high tides and storm surges.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
The structure was scraped clean then, low-pressure torches were used to sterilize the dock. All removed material was bagged, hauled up the beach well above the high tide line and stored temporarily. Agate Beach, Oregon, USA. June 2012.
TitleWorker cleaning the stranded dock
CaptionThe structure was scraped clean then, low-pressure torches were used to sterilize the dock. All removed material was bagged, hauled up the beach well above the high tide line and stored temporarily. Agate Beach, Oregon, USA. June 2012.
Copyright©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012
The structure was scraped clean then, low-pressure torches were used to sterilize the dock. All removed material was bagged, hauled up the beach well above the high tide line and stored temporarily. Agate Beach, Oregon, USA. June 2012.
Worker cleaning the stranded dockThe structure was scraped clean then, low-pressure torches were used to sterilize the dock. All removed material was bagged, hauled up the beach well above the high tide line and stored temporarily. Agate Beach, Oregon, USA. June 2012.©Oregon Parks and Recreation Department-2012

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Flooding and other natural disasters (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Yes
Acacia glauca (wild dividivi) Yes
Acacia hockii Yes
Acacia mellifera (blackthorn) Yes
Acacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)Along watercourses Yes Cronk and Fuller (1995)
Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Stem and root fragments Yes Yes Weeds of Australia (2016)
Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Seed dispersion by strong winds and hurricanes reported Yes Menges (1987)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Yes
Ambrosia confertiflora Yes
Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Yes
Ameiurus melas (black bullhead) Yes Yes
Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Yes
Annona glabra (pond apple) Yes Land Protection (2005)
Anredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Yes
Aphanomyces astaci Yes Oidtmann et al. (2005)
Arundo donax (giant reed) Yes PIER (2007)
Aspius aspius (asp) Yes
Asterias amurensis (northern Pacific seastar)E.g. the 2011 Tohoku tsunami carried individuals from the Japanese coast to Oregon Yes
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus) Yes
Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus) Yes
Bassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Yes
Batis maritima (saltwort) Yes
Bergia capensis (white water fire)Flooding is reported as a dispersal method for the genus Yes Leach (1989)
Bocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Frequently encountered in gulches below infestation site - seeds washed down during heavy rains Yes Benitez and Saulibio (2007)
Bontia daphnoides (white alling)Possible fruit dispersal by coastal flooding Yes Yes Zona (1998)
Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Not documented but possible Yes Yes
Brassica rapa (field mustard)Possible as it is reported as growing on riverbanks in UK Yes Kell (2011)
Brugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Yes
Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Yes Yes
Cabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Yes
Canna indica (canna lilly) Yes
Capsicum annuum (bell pepper)Grows in coastal areas where flooding would be possible Yes Yes Vascular Plants of Ecuador (2014)
Carex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge)Dispersed to New York from New Jersey after Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Louise Wootton, Georgian Court Yes Yes Lamont and Young (2014)
Cecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Yes Binggelli (1999)
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail) Yes
Chilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Yes
Christella dentata (soft fern)As a facultative wetland plant one could imagine its spread by this means. Yes USDA-NRCS (2012)
Cichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)As in Panama Yes Zaret and Paine (1973)
Cinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Yes Firth (1979)
Clarias batrachus (walking catfish) Yes
Coix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Floating “fruits” can disperse during floods Yes Weed Watch (2010)
Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Yes OEPP/EPPO (2007)
Cuscuta campestris (field dodder) Yes
Cylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear) Yes Deltoro et al. (2014)
Cyperus papyrus (papyrus) Yes Yes
Dalbergia sissoo Yes Morton (2007)
Datura ferox (fierce thornapple) Yes Yes Parsons and Cuthbertson (2001)
Datura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Yes
Delonix regia (flamboyant) Yes PIER (2009)
Deparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Locally abundant colonization and spread on stream banks and alluvial deposits. Jacono, pers. obs., Yes
Deroceras laeve (meadow slug)Accidental Yes AnimalBase (2015)
Diplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)Possibly dispersed by water as it grows near waterways Yes HEAR (2020)
Discus rotundatus (rotund disc)Not explicitly mentioned in literature, but likely based on the species’ biology Yes Yes
Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Yes Bagi and Böszörményi (2008); Dajdok and Kącki (2009)
Eichhornia paniculata (Brazilian water hyacinth) Yes Husband and Barrett (1998)
Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Yes Katz and Shafroth (2003)
Elodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Yes Barrat-Segretain and Elger; 2004
Fallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)common Yes
Fallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Yes Sukopp and Starfinger (1995)
Flemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Yes
Flemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Yes
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum (Fusarium wilt of watermelon)infrequent Yes
Gambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)Natural spread once species is established Yes
Globodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Yes
Globodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Yes Been and Schomaker (2006)
Glyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)Moved in flowing water Yes Yes Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992)
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Highly likely Yes Weeds CRC (2008)
Hedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Yes
Hedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Yes
Hedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Yes Yes
Hemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Dispersed in Florida by seasonal flooding and/or natural disasters such as hurricanes Yes Loftus et al. (2006)
Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)E.g. 2011 Tohoku tsunami carried individuals from Japanese coast to Oregon Yes
Hemimysis anomala Yes Dumont (2006); Stubbington et al. (2008)
Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Yes
Herichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid)Flooding of ornamental fish farms Yes Courtenay and Hensley (1979); Nico et al. (2015)
Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Yes
Heterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Natural Yes
Hibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Yes
Humulus scandens (Japanese hop) Yes
Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Yes DCR (2003)
Hymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Spread of vegetative fragments through natural and engineered waterways Yes Yes Australian Weeds Committee (2012)
Hypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Escape/release from aquaculture ponds Yes Yes Hoover et al. (2014)
Ictalurus furcatus (blue catfish)Accidental Yes Mettee et al. (1996)
Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Yes Yes
Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Yes Beerling and Perrins (1993)
Impatiens parviflora (small balsam) Yes Trepl (1984)
Jatropha curcas (jatropha) Yes Pitt (1999)
Jatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Yes
Juncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Yes
Lagarosiphon major (African elodea) Yes Australia Natural Heritage Trust (2003)
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed)A. Mikulyuk, Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources, USA, personal communcation, 2010 Yes
Lepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Yes
Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)Expanded its range to several US states Yes Yes USGS (2013)
Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Yes Yes Klaar et al. (2004)
Leucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Yes
Leuciscus idus (ide) Yes Nico and Fuller (2008)
Limax maximus (leopard slug)Eggs and slugs dispersed in flood debris Yes
Limnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Yes
Limnoperna fortunei (golden mussel)Alluvial floodplain Paraná River, Argentina Yes Ezcurra et al. (2006)
Ludwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Yes Ruaux et al. (2009)
Ludwigia peploides (water primrose) Yes Ruaux et al. (2009)
Lygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Yes
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Yes Yes Thompson et al. (1987)
Marisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Potential for dispersal in the advent of a flood, transporting snails throughout waterways Yes
Melaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Yes PIER (2007)
Melanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Yes
Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Flood washes infected soil downstream. Yes Yes
Mesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Accidental Yes Yes
Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Yes
Microstegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)Moderate to high uncertainty Yes Mehrhoff (2000); Warren et al. (2010)
Mimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant) Yes DAF (2016); Parsons and Cuthbertson (1992)
Monochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)As a possible way of getting into Pakistan Yes Yes Ali et al. (2018)
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Accidental introduction, rare pathway Yes
Nandina domestica (Nandina)Possible water dispersal of seed -- plants often found along riparian corridors Yes Stone (2009)
Nasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Yes Weeds of Australia (2013)
Nephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Possible as it is reported near lakes Yes Chambers (1987)
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco)Tiny and numerous seeds easily dispersed by rainwater and flooding Yes Yes PIER (2014)
Nymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Yes Stuckey (1973)
Opuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus)Along river systems Yes
Opuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Yes
Opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Yes
Opuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Yes Yes
Opuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)Spreading seed Yes
Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Yes
Oryza barthii Yes
Paederia foetida (skunkvine) Yes Stocker and Brazis (1999)
Pandanus tectorius (screw pine) Yes Yes
Parkia biglobosa (néré) Yes
Parmentiera aculeata (cucumber tree)Seeds can be dispersed by water Yes Queensland Government (2018)
Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Yes PAG (2000)
Paspalum fasciculatum (bull grass) Yes Yes Urbani (1996)
Pectobacterium brasiliense (soft rot and blackleg of ornamentals and potato) Yes
Pennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)Seed dispersal Yes Rahlao et al. (2009)
Persicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Yes Yes Okay (1997)
Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) Yes DiTomaso and Healy (2006)
Phragmites australis (common reed) Yes
Phytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Spread of the pathogen in contaminated water during floods Yes Gibbs et al. (1999)
Plectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Grows by streams; water dispersal likely Yes Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
Pomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Perhaps important in Asia where large areas are flooded during the wet season Yes
Pomacea maculataSnails or hatchlings could be moved via water flows Yes Yes Martin et al. (2012)
Potamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Yes ISSG (2006)
Prosopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Spreading seeds Yes Solbrig and Cantino (1975)
Prosopis juliflora (mesquite)Aids spread Yes Pasiecznik (2001)
Pseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot) Yes Yes
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Yes Yes Copp et al. (2005a)
Pterois volitans (lionfish)USA, Hurricane Andrew. Now thought unlikely to be the main cause of the invasion. Yes Courtenay (1995)
Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Yes Yes
Rhamphicarpa fistulosaPresumably seeds are dispersed through flood water as species occurs in temporary flooded areas (wet Yes
Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Yes
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Yes Freshwater et al. (1986)
Roystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Yes
Saccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Yes
Salix cinerea (grey sallow) Yes Harman (2004)
Salsola kali (common saltwort) Yes
Salsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Yes
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes ISSG (2009)
Salvinia minima Yes
Salvinia molesta (kariba weed) Yes McFarland et al. (2004)
Sander vitreus (walleye)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Likely Yes Ferriter and Clark (1997)
Senna hirsuta (hairy senna)Dry pods and seeds dispersed Yes
Senna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)Mass movement of soil and flood debris Yes West (2003)
Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Tolerates flooding Yes Mollard et al. (2007)
Sicyos angulatus (burcucumber)In South Korea, it initiated colonization and established a population on the riverside Yes Kil et al. (2006)
Solanum capsicoides (cockroach berry)Seeds known to float Yes Yes Levin et al. (2005)
Solanum erianthum (potato tree)Grows along riverbanks in Taiwan Yes Flora of Taiwan Editorial Committee (2014); Roe (1979)
Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Raft of ants could float, accidental Yes Taber (2000)
Solenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant) Yes Hays (1959)
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Outbreaks recorded after the passage of a hurricane Yes Yes Torres (1992)
Sporisorium pulverulentum (Sporisorium smut of wild Saccharum) Yes
Syzygium cumini (black plum) Yes
Thespesia populnea (portia tree) Yes Yes
Tricellaria inopinataE.g. debris from the 2011 Tohoku tsunami carried individuals from the Japanese coast to Oregon Yes
Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Yes USDA-NRCS (2010)
Ulex europaeus (gorse) Yes Clements et al. (2001)
Undaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)Found attached to Japanese dock debris washed ashore in Oregon, USA after Tohoku tsunami in 2011 Yes
Urochloa distachya (signal grass)Species is tolerant of waterlogged soils Yes Yes
Vigna marina (beach bean) Yes Yes Padulosi and Ng (1993)
Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)Coastal storm surges, including hurricanes, along SE coast of USA Yes Yes Cousins et al. (2010a)
Wasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Floating vegetation/logs - accidental Yes ISSG (2014)
Xanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Yes PIER (2013)
Zeuxine strateumatica (soldier’s orchid)Possible as it occurs at margins of rivers, wetlands and lagoons Yes