Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Fisheries (pathway cause)



Fisheries (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fisheries (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fisheries (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acentrogobius pflaumii Yes Yes NIMPIS (2002)
Alburnus alburnus (bleak)Recreational fishing Yes Welcomme (1988)
Alosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Yes Guest and Drenner (1991); USGS (2015)
Ambloplites rupestris (rock bass) Yes Yes
Ameiurus melas (black bullhead) Yes Yes
Ameiurus natalis Yes Welcomme (1988)
Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Yes
Aphanomyces astaci Yes Oidtmann et al. (2005)
Aspius aspius (asp) Yes Yes
Carassius carassius (crucian carp) Yes
Carassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)Deliberate Yes Yes Jang et al. (2002)
Carassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Yes Yes
Caulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Yes Yes Relini et al. (2000)
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail) Yes
Channa argus argus (northern snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004)
Channa marulius (bullseye snakehead) Yes Yes Courtenay and Williams (2004); Froese and Pauly (2009)
Channa micropeltes (giant snakehead)Wild fishing and/or cultured in cages Yes Yes Pantulu (1976); Wee (1982); Lee and Ng (1991); Dudley (2000); Courtenay and Williams (2004)
Cherax destructor (yabby) Yes Yes Horwitz (1990); Lynas et al. (2007)
Cherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Yes Yes Lynas et al. (2007)
Clarias batrachus (walking catfish) Yes
Corbicula fluminea (Asian clam)Commercial fishing gear Yes Karatayev et al. (2007)
Crassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Yes Yes
Crepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Dredging and trawling are a main cause of dispersion in western English Channel Yes
Cromileptes altivelis (humpback grouper)Mainly in South-East Asian countries Yes Yes Sadovy (2000); Sadovy et al. (2007)
Cyprinus carpio (common carp) Yes Yes Roberts and Ebner (1997)
Daphnia lumholtziHypothesized to have travelled to North America via shipment(s) of Nile Perch from Lake Victoria Yes Havel and Hebert (1993)
Didymosphenia geminata (didymo)potential form of introduction Yes Yes
Dreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)Fishing gear transported overland is one of the primary vectors for D. r. bugensis introductions Yes Yes Orlova et al. (2005); Ricciardi et al. (1995)
Elodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Yes Kozhova and Izhboldiana; 1993
Esox lucius (pike)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Faxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish) Yes Holdich et al. (2006)
Faxonius rusticus (rusty crayfish)For commercial harvest Yes Wilson et al. (2004)
Halophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)Anecdotal and documented observations of H. stipulacea in fishing nets and traps that are transported to new locations (e.g. Caribbean and Mediterranean seas) Yes Yes Ruiz and Ballantine (2004); Willette et al. (2014)
Hemibarbus labeo (barbel steed) Yes Kottelat (2000)
Hemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)Introduction to parts of French and Dutch coasts may be due to oyster transportation Yes Dauvin and Delhay (2011); Faasse et al. (2002); Nijland (2000); Noel (2011)
Heterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Deliberate Yes Yes Moreau (1982)
Lates niloticus (Nile perch) Yes Yes Pringle (2005)
Lemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)Introduced as fish food Yes Yes Hicks (1937)
Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) Yes Yes Hassan and Edwards (1992)
Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Yes Yes Copp and Fox (2007)
Lepomis gulosus (warmouth)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Yes
Lepomis microlophus (redear sunfish)Species spread has been due to intentional stocking for sport fishing in western and northern united Yes Yes Fuller et al. (2014)
Leuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Yes
Littorina littorea (common periwinkle)Accidently introduced with oysters Yes Carlton (2007)
Lucania parva (rainwater killifish)Accidental stocking along with sportfishes Yes Hubbs and Miller (1965)
Lutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)From Marquesas and Mo'orea to Hawaii Yes Schumacher and Parrish (2005)
Magallana gigas (Pacific oyster) Yes FAO (2017)
Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Yes Yes
Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Yes
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Yes Yes
Morone americana (white perch) Yes Zuerlein (1981)
Myriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Yes Yes
Myxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Yes Yes Bartholomew and Reno (2002)
Nymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Yes Stuckey (1973)
Odontesthes bonariensis (pejerrey)Important fish in fish culture Yes Reartes (1995)
Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Yes Yes
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)Used for supplementation in rivers in USA, Canada, New Zealand and Chile Yes Yes
Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)Widespread intentaion introduction Yes Yes Canonico et al. (2005)
Osmerus eperlanusIntroduced to many lakes but established in only a few. Yes
Palaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Accidental introduction with mullet Yes Zentkevich (1963)
Palaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Possible but not proven Yes
Pelophylax cf. bedriagaeProbably with fish spawn Yes Yes
Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)Accidental stocking along with sportfishes; accidental and deliberate bait releases Yes Yes Cross and Haslouer (1984); Hubbs et al. (1977); Sigler and Miller (1963)
Pomoxis annularis (white crappie)Intentionally introduced Yes Welcomme (1988)
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Yes Welcomme (1988)
Potamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Yes Yes Stuckey (1979)
Procambarus acutus acutus Yes Yes Taylor et al. (2007)
Protopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)A one off incidental release to Lake Baringo, Kenya. Also, introduced in Lake Mohasi, Upper Akage Yes Mlewa and Green (2006); Vos et al. (2001)
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Yes Yes Copp et al. (2005a); Copp et al. (2005b)
Rapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Yes ICES (2004)
Ruditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)Normally to supplement existing bivalve fisheries Yes FAO (2009)
Rutilus rutilus (roach) Yes Welcomme (1988)
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Yes Yes Froese and Pauly (2009)
Salvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Yes Yes
Sander lucioperca (pike-perch) Yes Yes
Sander vitreus (walleye)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Sciaenops ocellatus (red drum)USA Yes
Silurus asotus (Amur catfish) Yes Yes Manchin and Dgebuadze (2010)
Silurus glanis (wels catfish) Yes Yes Copp et al. (2009)
Spartina densifloraPossible spread via human aided transport of Oyster spat in Washington, USA Yes California Invasive Plant Council (2016)
Squalius cephalus (European chub) Yes
Trichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami)Used as a food fish in parts of Asia Yes Yes Westenberg (1981); Froese and Pauly (2014)
Tridentiger trigonocephalus (chameleon goby) Yes Yes NIMPIS (2014)
Utricularia gibba Yes Wells and Champion (2010)