Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Biological control (pathway cause)



Biological control (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Biological control (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Biological control (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Anoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Yes
Astatoreochromis alluaudi (Alluaud's haplo) Yes Yes Banyankimbona et al. (2013); Greenwood (1965); Slootweg (1989); Vreven et al. (2007); Welcomme (1988)
Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Yes Yes
Boiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Yes
Bubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Introduced by University of Florida (USA) for research as a control agent for aquatic weeds, as well Yes NRC (2002)
Cactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Yes
Cettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler)Initially introduced to control insects Yes Caum (1933); Pyle and Pyle (2009)
Cichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)Introduced to artificial canals in southern Florida to control introduced cichlids Yes Yes Shafland (1999)
Coccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Yes Yes
Coregonus albula (vendace) Yes
Corvus splendens (house crow)To control Spodoptera in Malaysia, to clear garbage in Zanzibar Yes Ryall (1994); Wells (2007)
Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Yes
Dactylosternum hydrophiloidesTo control C. sordidus in banana and plantain plantations, and R. obscurus in sugarcane fields. Yes Hansen (1995), Vázquez Moreno et al. (2005), Lenteren et al. (2020)
Dicrurus macrocercusDeliberately introduced by Japanese to Rota as biological crop pest control Yes Baker (1951)
Erinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog) Yes
Faxonius rusticus (rusty crayfish)To control weeds in some lakes Yes Hamr (2002)
Faxonius virilis (virile crayfish)Thought to be introduced to ponds for weed control Yes Yes Larson and Olden (2008)
Felis catus (cat) Yes
Gambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)Introduced for mosquito control Yes Yes
Gambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)For mosquito control Yes
Gonaxis kibweziensisControl agent for giant African snail Yes Yes Barker and Efford (2004); Civeyrel and Simberloff (1996)
Harmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Used worldwide as biocontrol agent Yes Yes Brown et al. (2008a); Koch et al. (2006)
Herpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Yes Yes
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Yes McFadyen (1979); Moran and Zimmermann (1991)
Hypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Released into the upper San Antonio River during the 1960s in an effort to control algae Yes Yes Barron (1964); Hoover et al. (2014)
Marisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Introduced to various countries for control of snail intermediate hosts of Schistoma parasites, and Yes Yes
Melanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Yes
Mononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Deliberate introduction, rare pathway Yes
Mustela erminea (ermine) Yes Yes
Mustela furo (ferret)To control rabbits Yes Yes
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)Introduced to control alewife populations in the Great Lakes, US Yes Carl (1982); Close et al. (1984)
Oreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)Deliberate introduction Yes Yes Canonico et al. (2005)
Phalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Australia and Malawi Yes Yes Arthington and Blühdorn (1995); Jubb (1977)
Plasmodium relictumRelease of Acridotheres tristis from India for biological control Yes Caum (1933); Ishtiaq et al. (2007)
Platydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)For biocontrol of giant African snails Yes Yes Muniappan (1987); Muniappan (1990)
Podarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Deliberate release to control insect population in Gallo Lungo Yes Capula (1994)
Poecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)USA and Philippines Yes Yes Brock (1960); Froese and Pauly (2014); Juliano et al. (1989); Maciolek (1984); Seale (1905)
Poecilia reticulata (guppy) Yes Welcomme (1988)
Pomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)P. canaliculata has been suggested as a weed control agent in rice paddies Yes Yes
Procambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)To reduce number of snail hosts of disease-causing organisms Yes
Pseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Yes Yes FAO (2004)
Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Yes Yes Anderson and Gardner (1999); Paret et al. (2008)
Rhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)This insect has been introduced into three new continents outside its native range, and redistribute Yes Yes Zwölfer and Harris (1984)
Rugosa rugosa (wrinkled frog)Introduction on Hawaii in order to counter invasive insects on crops Yes Oliver and Shaw (1953)
Salvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Yes Yes Hobbs and Molina (1983)
Sander vitreus (walleye)See distribution table and list Yes Yes
Sepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Yes Yes
Sepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)Introduced to control lymnaeid snail vectors of liver fluke in Hawaii and California Yes Davis and Krauss (1967); Knutson and Orth (1984)
Silurus glanis (wels catfish) Yes Yes Copp et al. (2009)
Sturnus vulgaris (common starling) Yes
Suncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Yes
Tilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)Deliberate introduction Yes Yes Courtenay and Robins (1989)
Tyto alba (Barn owl)To reduce invasive rodent populations. Fewer than 100 individuals released on each occasion. Yes Bruce (1999); Klavitter (2009); Kowalsky et al. (2002); Long (1981)
Uromycladium spp. that cause gall rusts (Acacia gall rusts)Deliberately introduced for biological control of host plants which are invasive Yes Yes Morris (1991); Morris (1999)
Varanus indicus (ambon lizard) Yes Yes
Wasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Deliberate introduction to Cameroon, Solomon Islands and Venezuela Yes Bluthgen and Shelter (2010)
Xiphophorus helleriiAustralia Yes Yes McKay (1978)