Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Acclimatization societies (pathway cause)



Acclimatization societies (pathway cause)


  • Last modified
  • 12 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pathway Cause
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Acclimatization societies (pathway cause)
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Acclimatization societies (pathway cause)

Species Transported by Cause

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SpeciesNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Acridotheres fuscus (jungle myna) Yes
Acridotheres tristis (common myna) Yes
Alburnus alburnus (bleak) Yes
Alopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Perhaps not liberated Yes Long (1981)
Astronotus ocellatus (oscar)Principally Florida and Hawaii (USA) Yes Yes USGS NAS (2014)
Branta canadensis (Canada goose) Yes Lever (2005)
Branta hutchinsii Yes Lever (2005)
Castor canadensis (beaver) Yes
Cervus elaphus (red deer)New Zealand, Australia and Chile Yes Yes Long (2003)
Cervus nippon (sika)New Zealand Yes Yes Banwell (2009)
Cupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress) Yes Laurent (1911)
Cygnus olor (mute swan) Yes
Cyprinus carpio (common carp) Yes Driver et al. (1997)
Erinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog) Yes Yes
Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Yes Yes Lever (1977)
Leptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid) Yes Yes
Lepus europaeus (European hare)Deliberate, for shooting purposes Yes Yes Fraguglione (1963)
Leuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Yes
Macaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Yes Yes
Nandina domestica (Nandina)Columbian Horticultural Society, Washington, DC, report on member introductions, 1834 Yes Watterson (1834)
Oryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Yes
Ovis aries (sheep) Yes
Rhinella marina (cane toad) Yes
Rutilus rutilus (roach)Deliberate. Introduced to make wildlife more familiar to European colonizers in Australia. Yes Arthington and McKenzie (1997)
Salvelinus namaycush (lake trout)Stocked as a sport fish worldwide Yes Yes
Sander lucioperca (pike-perch) Yes Yes
Squalius cephalus (European chub) Yes
Sturnus vulgaris (common starling) Yes Yes