Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Ophelimus maskelli
(Eucalyptus gall wasp)



Ophelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ophelimus maskelli
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Eucalyptus gall wasp
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ophelimus maskelli (Ashmead)

Preferred Common Name

  • Eucalyptus gall wasp

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Eulophidae
  •                             Genus: Ophelimus
  •                                 Species: Ophelimus maskelli

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Nov 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AlgeriaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
KenyaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentEPPO (2020); Bush et al. (2016)
TunisiaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
UgandaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)


IranAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
IraqPresentLahouf (2018); EPPO (2020)Husseiniya area, Kerbala province.
IsraelPresentProtasov et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentTrissi and Shehadi (2014)
TurkeyPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)


FrancePresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
-CorsicaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
GibraltarPresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
GreecePresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
ItalyPresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
-SardiniaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SicilyPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
MaltaPresentEPPO (2020)
PortugalPresent, LocalizedBranco et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
SpainPresent, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
-Balearic IslandsPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
-EnglandPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)

North America

United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Burks et al. (2015)
-CaliforniaPresentBurks et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)


AustraliaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)

Habitat List

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Host Plants and Other Plants Affected

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Distribution References

Branco M, Boavida C, Durand N, Franco J C, Mendel Z, 2009. Presence of the Eucalyptus gall wasp Ophelimus maskelli and its parasitoid Closterocerus chamaeleon in Portugal: first record, geographic distribution and host preference. Phytoparasitica. 37 (1), 51-54.

Burks R A, Mottern J L, Waterworth R, Paine T D, 2015. First report of the Eucalyptus gall wasp, Ophelimus maskelli (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), an invasive pest on Eucalyptus, from the Western Hemisphere. Zootaxa. 3926 (3), 448-450. DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3926.3.10

Bush S J, Slippers B, Neser S, Harney M, Dittrich-Schröder G, Hurley B P, 2016. Six recently recorded Australian insects associated with Eucalyptus in South Africa. African Entomology. 24 (2), 539-544. DOI:10.4001/003.024.0539

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI/EPPO, 2011. Ophelimus maskelli. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 757.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Lahouf A A, 2018. First record of the eucalyptus gall wasp Ophelimus maskelli (Ashmead) in Kerbala province, Iraq. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 36 (2), 123-125. DOI:10.22268/AJPP-036.2.123125

Malumphy C, Guillem R, Perez C, Bensusan K, 2020. Insect pest species of Eucalyptus in Gibraltar. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 156 (1), 51-57. DOI:10.31184/M00138908.1561.4010

Protasov A, Salle J la, Blumberg D, Brand D, Saphir N, Assael F, Fisher N, Mendel Z, 2007. Biology, revised taxonomy and impact on host plants of Ophelimus maskelli, an invasive gall inducer on Eucalyptus spp. in the Mediterranean area. Phytoparasitica. 35 (1), 50-76.

Trissi A N, Shehadi F, 2014. First record of two gall-inducing wasps on Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp.) in Syria. Arab Journal of Plant Protection. 32 (1), 92-95.

Distribution Maps

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