Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Virginia

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Datasheet

Virginia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Virginia
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 110,770
  • Capital: Richmond

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmas Present Prince et al., 1993; Wolf et al., 1994; Davis et al., 1998.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Hewitt, 1958; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Grente, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne) Present Bush et al., 2006.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Transient: actionable, under surveillance Hicks, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Hong, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Baudoin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present NAPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Kong et al., 2017.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Walter, 1946; Webster and Butler, 1967a.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Present Engelbrecht and Harrington, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Present Brown, 1954.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Present Native YesAnon, 1960.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Present Hepting and Roth, 1953; Dwinell, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Native NoLackner and Alexander, 1983.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier, 1996a; Brasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present BPI, US National Fungus Collections; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Waterman, 1943.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Stipes and Davis, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoWebb et al., 1981.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present, few occurrences Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present Roane and Roane, 1996.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Rothermel et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Pardo and Dauer, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Introduced YesReynolds, 2015b.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Present Introduced NoFofonoff et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Native Sikorski and Bick, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Morris, 1956; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesCoulson and Witter, 1984; Zilahi-Balogh et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesOEPP/EPPO, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Roberts & Snider, 1978; Clark et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesBranscomb, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Eradicated Wright and Villavaso, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus pimpinellae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Insect Identification, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Introduced YesCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoFrench, 1942.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChymomyza procnemoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Rhoades, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesDarsie and Ward, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present Native Payne, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesThomas et al., 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Present Introduced Alm et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinus Present Native Bousfield, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Zehnder and Evanylo, 1989; Tisler and Zehnder, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, invalid record IPPC, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Present Kuschel, 1951; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Restricted distribution CIE, 1964; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted laternfly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Widespread Chittenden, 1900; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Smith and Parron, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale) Present Native Ben-Dov, 1993; Herrick, 1931; Hamon and Williams, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug) Present Native NoKosztarab, 1996; Miller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Introduced Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Present Introduced NEMESIS and, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleae Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesKosztarab, 1996; Miller, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris floribunda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Native Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale) Present Ben-Dov et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Kosztarab, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Native Harris, 1989; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Andres and Rees, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Widespread Native NoRyan, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Restricted distribution NAPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBright, 1968; Wood, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Introduced YesBambara and Casey, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 1972; Weber & McPherson, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Widespread Introduced USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Localised Native Jenkins and Burkhead, 1994; USGS, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Lee et al., 1980; Jenkins and , 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Native Lee and et al. , 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalis Present Introduced Jenkins, 2006; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Native NoFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Introduced USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Widespread Introduced Bozarth, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti) Localised NoRocky Mountain Elk Foundation, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Localised Introduced Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner) Present Introduced YesUS Environmental Protection Agency, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesTaggart, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus furcatus (blue catfish) Present Native YesHassan-Williams and Bonner, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Widespread Introduced Fuller et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present YesFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present, few occurrences Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch) Present YesFuller et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002; Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Brown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native NoFuller et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga) Present Introduced NoBohn , 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Introduced USGS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoLee et al., 1980; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present Introduced Forshaw, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Kimball et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Shaffer and Nakamura, 1989; FAO, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native NatureServe, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Localised Introduced Lee et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present Native Bigelow and Schroeder, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Widespread Native Hall, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesSchmitt, 1927; Calder, 1968; Calder, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Introduced NoHoffman, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Introduced YesCounts, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Introduced YesGrimm et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Burreson et al., 1994; Mann et al., 1994; Barber, 1996; Calvo and Luckenbach, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Widespread Native NoKennedy et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Present Native NoMcGee and Targett, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced Benson et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced NoCockerell, 1889; Dundee, 1974; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesVermeij, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Localised Introduced YesICES, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Absent, formerly present Reitz, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Owens, 1950; Owens, 1951; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, invalid record USDA-APHIS, personal communication, 2011; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Miller, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Anon., 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Walters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services surveys 2007-2010; Eisenback et al., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesCarlton and Scanlon, 1985; Trowbridge, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosa Present Introduced Marshall, 2003; Marshall et al., 2005; Chesapeake Bay Program, 2007; Marshall et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed) Present Howard, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Humm, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesLorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced YesVirginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced YesZell, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced YesAnon, 2002; SE-EPPC, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced YesSE-EPPC, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced NoDAVF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Restricted distribution Introduced Coulson, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Vencill et al., 1990; Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Jordan, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Correll and Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Virginia Botanical Associates, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Wilcut and Swann, 1990; Jordan et al., 1994; Ackley et al., 1997; Ackley et al., 1998; Strother, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Tropicos, 2009; University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia tabernaemontana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ownbey, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native Kemper Center for Home Gardening, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced YesSwearingen, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present Native GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifolius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Widespread Native Harvill et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoltonia asteroides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Localised Introduced YesVirginia Botanical Associates, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced Hitchcock , 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1950; Gould, 1951; Kearney and Peebles, 1951; CalEPPC, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; NatureServe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Doll, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Les and Mehrhoff, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalycanthus floridus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge) Localised Introduced YesBoule, 1979; Standley, 1983; EDDMapS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Widespread Introduced YesPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Barrows, 1984; Wofford, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018; Burnham, 2013; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Hayden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native Harvill et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced NoDeBerry and Perry, 2007; EDDMapS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesLuken & Thieret, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Kuhn et al., 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014. Gleason & Cronquist, 1991
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; Foy and Witt, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinodorus cordifolius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Wilcut et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Godfrey and Wooten, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis capillaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Localised Introduced YesEDDMapS, 2013; Zouhar, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Native Isely , 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Fernald, 1950; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011; Steward et al., 1984; Everitt et al., 1999; Doyle and Smart, 2001; Owens et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Introduced Byrd and Bryson, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014; Virginia Native Plant Society, 2014; Wieboldt, Ed.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced US Forest Service, 2006; Texas Invasives, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia siphilitica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present USDA, NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia terrestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced YesAnon, 2001; Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; Hitchcock and Chase, 1951; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Parsons, 1996; Anon, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Laws, 2010; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Introduced YesUSGS-NAS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesWestbrooks and Imlay, 2009; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Introduced Musselman and Bolin, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Arny, 1897; Mahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced YesAskew, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Widespread Introduced YesNPS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present YesSaltonstall, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced YesUSDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Widespread Native NoHarvill et al., 1981; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoCarey, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced YesSwearingen, 2009; Invasiveorg, 2015; Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Widespread Introduced Yesvan der Maesen, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced Anon, 2003b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced YesUS Forest Service, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread YesLorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Weakley, undated.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesTeem et al., 1980; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013; Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Widespread USDA, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Native YesFurbish and Albano, 1994; Silliman and Zieman, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; NatureServe, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Eradicated Introduced YesISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Introduced Woodland, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Widespread Introduced Weakley, 2015; Flora of Virginia, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Introduced YesHauser et al., 2009; McAvoy, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinerea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present, few occurrences Native NoBONAP, 2016; Digital Atlas of the Flora of Virginia, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Dubose, 1965.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Genter et al., 1973; Eberwine and Hagood, 1995; Eberwine et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file