Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pennsylvania

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Datasheet

Pennsylvania

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Pennsylvania
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 119,290
  • Capital: Harrisburg

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Present Pine and Gilmer, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Kim et al., 2003.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Sherald, 1993b; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Native NoBoyer, 1916; Boyer, 1927.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Absent, confirmed by survey Hicks, 2018; US Forest Service Northeastern Area, 2016.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Baudoin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present USDA, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Jackson and Sleeth, 1935; Dodge, 1940; Walter, 1946; Webster and Butler, 1967a.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Present Crandal, 1935; Jackson and Sleeth, 1935; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present Pollok et al., 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Merrill and Kistler, 1974.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Native NoDochinger, 1967; Towers, 1977.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present Native Bowersox and Merrill, 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Widespread Waterman, 1943.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Localised Introduced YesEvans-Goldner and Bunce, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Miller, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust) Present Introduced YesYun et al., 2009b; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native NoStambaugh et al., 1962.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Eradicated Introduced YesNAPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Raffel et al., 2010.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Eradicated CMI, 1983; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Introduced YesReynolds, 2008c; Bhatti, 1965.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Parks, 1952; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesForest Service USDA, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Tietz, 1951; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus pimpinellae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present McKenzie et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Insect Identification, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present Wheeler, 1974; CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoMaier and Lemmon, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Introduced YesCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale) Present Native NoSleesman, 1945.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Introduced Hoebeke and Wheeler, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha marmorata (chrysanthemum lace bug) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced Houston and, 1994a; McCulloch, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoWood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present Krysan and Smith, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHartley, 1923; Coppel et al., 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Freda and Braverman, 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Present Introduced Potter, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Introduced YesWeems and Skelley, 2010; Jacobs, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Introduced YesSmith, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present, few occurrences Introduced Hoebeke and Carter, 2003; Oregon Department of Agriculture, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Stimmel, 1987; Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Hoebeke and Acciavatti, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Widespread Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Jacques, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted laternfly) Present Introduced YesBarringer et al., 2015; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Widespread Van Duzee, 1917; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Smith and Parron, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLyons, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale) Present Native Ben-Dov, 1993; Herrick, 1931; Hamon and Williams, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug) Present Native NoJohnson and Lyon, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Present Introduced Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper) Present EPPO, 2019.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Owen et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenella Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp) Present Jacobson, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Native Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Present, few occurrences Native Bush, 1966; Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Present Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Andres and Rees, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite) Present Native YesSmith, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesMenke and Snelling, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBright, 1968; Wood, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Introduced YesWeber & McPherson, 1982; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Widespread Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Localised Native YesMiller, 1957; Steiner, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Lee et al., 1980; Tilmant, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Widespread Native NoFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Present Introduced Courtenay and Hensley, 1979a; Courtenay et al., 1984; Courtenay and Stauffer, 1990; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Abraham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Widespread Native NoBixel, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti) Localised NoLarkin et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present only in captivity/cultivation Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Widespread Introduced Fuller et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Absent, formerly present Introduced Fraguglione, 1963; Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Native NoTovey et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMorone americana (white perch) Present Introduced YesFuller et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Present Introduced YesJude, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002; Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Native NoBrown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Emery, 1985; Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present USGS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Absent, formerly present Introduced Burke and Deichsel, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Hocutt et al., 1986; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoHocutt et al., 1986; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native NatureServe, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Widespread Native Etnier and Starnes, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Localised Native Hall, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesLeidy, 1870; Potts, 1884.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Widespread Introduced Hoffman et al., 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Introduced YesCounts, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesUSGS-NAS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoTryon, 1867; Dundee, 1974; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesRenner, 2009; Brooks et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDennstaedtia punctilobula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Absent, unreliable record
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed) Present YesMcFarland et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced Rhoads and Block , 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesAnon., 2003; DCNR, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Moldenke, 1946.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Luken & Thieret, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Hartzler and Roth, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Correll and Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Mosyakin and Robertson, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Spackman et al., 1995; Henry et al., 1999; Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ownbey, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced YesSwearingen, 2006; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present Native GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Present Native Wherry et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present USDA-NRCS, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoltonia asteroides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced YesHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; NatureServe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present GBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalycanthus floridus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Wheeler & Hoebeke, 1988; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Widespread Introduced YesPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle) Present Introduced NoWherry et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Introduced YesFlora of North America Editorial Committee, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesHodgson, 1971; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018; Burnham, 2013; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Native Rhoads and McKinley, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Introduced YesUSDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesLuken & Thieret, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Hitchcock, 1950; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; Guiser and Kuhns, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native Stocking, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Godfrey and Wooten, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Fontana, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesSeiger, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Aiken et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Native Isely , 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave's Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) Present, few occurrences Native NoMathias, 1936; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Caribbean Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced YesUS Forest Service, 2006; Texas Invasives, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesPA-DCNR, 2018; Edalgo and Anderson, 2009; Edalgo et al., 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Localised Introduced YesHitchcock and Chase, 1951; USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoMoldenke, 1946.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia frondosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Localised Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Introduced Britton and Brown, 1970; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009; Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Widespread Introduced YesNPS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016; Reed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present YesSaltonstall, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced YesUSDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced YesUSDA-APHIS, 2012; EDDMapS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced YesInvasive Plant Atlas of New England, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced Novan der Maesen, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave's Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced YesInvasive plants in Pennsylvania, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Present Introduced Britton and Brown, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native YesEsbenshade et al., 2001c; Esbenshade et al., 2001a; Esbenshade et al., 2001b; USDA-NRCS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoRuiz and Carlton, 2003; NatureServe, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Widespread USDA, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Localised Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina pectinata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Absent, formerly present USDA-NRCS, 2016; Rhoads and McKinley, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Hill, 1986; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; NatureServe, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Introduced YesO'Neill, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Absent, formerly present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) Present Introduced Sheeley and Raynal, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort) Present Introduced Sheeley and Raynal, 1996; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinerea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Introduced Meehan, 1871; Kartesz, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Present
VirusAvipoxvirus Widespread Locke, 1961; Ratcliff, 1967; Petrak, 1982.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Gildow, 1990.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Hoepting and Fuchs, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present MacKenzie et al., 1966; Mackenzie and Wernham, 1967; Ayers et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Eradicated Levy et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; NAPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file