Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

North Carolina

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Datasheet

North Carolina

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • North Carolina
  • General data
  • Area (km2): 139,400
  • Capital: Raleigh

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Present
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Present Pine and Gilmer, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present, few occurrences Hopkins et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present Hewitt, 1958; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Hwang et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Transient: actionable, under surveillance Hicks, 2018; NCDA&CS, 2013; EPPO, 2014; North Carolina Forest Service, 2017.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Baudoin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present NAPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Ivors et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Native Walter, 1946.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Present Britton et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Present Winstead et al., 1954; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Restricted distribution Introduced Daughtrey et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab) Widespread Native Nolen, 1926; Grand, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Present Hepting and Roth, 1946; Dwinell, 1978; Kuhlman et al., 1982; Kuhlman and Cade, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Native No
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella populorum (septoria leaf spot) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesSinclair and Campana, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008; Grand, 1985.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaRaffaelea lauricola (laurel wilt) Widespread Introduced YesForest Health, 2018.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Waterman, 1943.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Hepting and Toole, 1950; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoChase and Ullrich, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoJacobi et al., 1980; USDA Forest Service, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present, few occurrences Clayton and Ridings, 1970; Milholland, 1991; Ono, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Freeman and Johnson, 1911; Roelfs, 1978; Roelfs, 1985a.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Rothermel et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Introduced YesReynolds, 1978; Gates, 1982; Reynolds, 1994; Blackmon, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Native Sikorski and Bick, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Mitchell, 1955; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesFowler et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; NAPPO, 2013d.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Kulash, 1958; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Native YesMcDougall, 1943; Henry and McLaughlin, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil) Eradicated Carlson and Suguiyama, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present McKenzie et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Nalyanya et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present Native Baker and Tuttle, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Native NoTavares, 2002; Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission, GSMFC.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Present McGiffen and Meyer, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite) Present Introduced YesSu, 2003a; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present McPherson and Weber, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Ferguson and et al. , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Introduced Kennard, 2001; Morris et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesDarsie and Ward, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present Sorensen, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle) Present Native Payne, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesDoggett, 1978; Drooz et al., 1979; Thomas et al., 1982; Huber and Hain, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Burrack et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present NAPPO, 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Introduced YesFedde, 1971; Fedde, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Native NoNorth Carolina State University Insect Collection.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Present Introduced Alm et al., 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present, few occurrences Introduced Weems and Skelley, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; Kirk and Terry, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinus Present Native Bousfield, 1969; van Maren, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesKoch et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Nakahara, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Present Native NoHolthuis , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Wood, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Jacques, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinacea Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesSmith, 1936; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Widespread O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Morrone, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; USDA-APHIS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Native NoWalgenbach, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Van Duzee, 1917; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeolecanium cornuparvum (magnolia scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993; Williams and Kosztarab, 1972; Hamon and Williams, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Killian and Meyer, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug) Present Native NoKosztarab, 1996; Masner et al., 2004; Miller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Watson et al., 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleae Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present Outward et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Native Taylor et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Huner , 2002a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced YesGimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced YesEFETAC, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2015; Harris, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Restricted distribution Foote et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Widespread Introduced Gassmann and Kok, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Localised Native Petersen, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAnon., 1999a; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Introduced YesAkre et al., 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; Bambara and Casey, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Introduced YesSchneider & Farrier, 1969; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa aestivalis (blueback herring) Widespread Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlosa pseudoharengus (alewife) Localised Native HRLA, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Menhinick, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Menhinick , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Native NoFuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Native Mowbray et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Abraham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Widespread Native NoAdams et al., 2003a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Present Introduced Feldhamer and Demarais, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead) Present Introduced YesUSGS, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Present Native Van Dijk, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinella lutrensis (red shiner) Widespread Introduced NatureServe, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesLevin et al., 2002; Taggart, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1980; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Native NatureServe, 2013; USGS, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Present Native Scott and Crossman, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Native NoUSGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Widespread Introduced Fuller et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Tovey et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Fuller et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus ater (brown-headed cowbird) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Native Larivière, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Behnke, 2002; Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca flavescens (yellow perch) Widespread Brown et al., 2009; USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native NoFuller et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga) Present Introduced NoLee , 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced Hocutt et al., 1986; USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Widespread Native NoGehrt, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesHare and Whitfield, 2003; Schofield, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Shaffer and Nakamura, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Native NatureServe, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Native Robins et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander vitreus (walleye) Widespread Native Etnier and Starnes, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciaenops ocellatus (red drum) Present Native Bigelow and Schroeder, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus niger (fox squirrel) Widespread Native Hall, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesBarrett and Birmingham, 2005; NatureServe, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced YesUSGSNAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoMarti et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Widespread Native NoPage and Burr, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesDean and Bellis, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Introduced YesCounts, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Grabowski et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Widespread Native NoKennedy et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Present Native NoHoagland, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoWhite-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directus Present Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Introduced NoHubricht, 1970; Dourson and Dourson, 2006; NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native NatureServe, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Introduced YesMoser et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Absent, formerly present Reitz, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Holdeman, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, invalid record USDA-APHIS, personal communication, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Muse and Muse, 1972; Chitwood and Krusberg, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Winstead et al., 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Walters et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Ye et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Taylor et al., 1982; Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Walters and Barker, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesRiggs and Esch, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesCarlton and Scanlon, 1985; Provan et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesTomas et al., 2004; Barreto et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Introduced Weakley, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Introduced YesWherry, 1964; Radford et al., 1968; EDDMapS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Crane, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Rayachhetry et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed) Present GBIF, 2010; McFarland et al., 2004; GBIF, 2010; Wesbrooks, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Schneider and Searles, 1991; Kapraun and Dunwoody, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesLorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Present Native Rosario, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced Munger , 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoReed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced Radford et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Luken & Thieret, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced Coulson, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Yenish et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Correll and Johnston, 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Mosyakin and Robertson, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Radford et al., 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Native Coble et al., 1981; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Culpepper and York, 1998; Askew and Wilcut, 1999; Culpepper and York, 1999; Strother, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Native Strother, 2006; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Tropicos, 2009; University of Maine, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ownbey, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed) Present Native GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Introduced USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Present Native YesRadford et al., 1964; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present USDA-NRCS, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoltonia asteroides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Introduced Chamberlain et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoHitchcock, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesMellicamp et al., 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2008; NatureServe, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Native GBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalycanthus floridus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesDunn, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex kobomugi (Asiatic sand sedge) Localised Introduced YesWeakley, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Widespread Introduced YesPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Introduced Radford et al., 1968; McDonald et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018; Burnham, 2013; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Present Introduced YesOEPP/EPPO, 2004; OEPP/EPPO, 2006; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Ahles et al., 1958; Graham, 1975; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Herbarium, DD.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesLuken & Thieret, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present NatureServe, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced NatureServe, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present York et al., 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Present Introduced Anon, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014; Potvin, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Native Westerdahl and Getsinger, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; Zouhar, 2009; EDDMapS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesPatterson, 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Absent, unreliable record USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFroelichia floridana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced Isely , 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dave's Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2011; Harlan et al., 1985; Ryan et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle bonariensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea wrightii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced Morton, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced YesEDDMapS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Introduced Nesom, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Introduced US Forest Service, 2006; Texas Invasives, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia siphilitica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced USDA, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present YesGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Introduced YesStuckey, 1980; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Localised USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced Anon, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Localised Introduced YesHitchcock and Chase, 1951; USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia mexicana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia schreberi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum pinnatum (cutleaf watermilfoil) Present, few occurrences Native NoRadford, 1951; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Steward, 1993; Madsen, 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Widespread Introduced YesWestbrooks and Cross, 1993; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea mexicana (yellow waterlily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Eradicated Introduced YesUSGS-NAS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Introduced USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Smith, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Introduced YesDiamond, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Widespread Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present BONAP, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced YesEDDMapS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced EDDMapS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Widespread Native NoRadford et al., 1965; Radford et al., 1968; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced Fernald, 1950; Gleason and Cronquist, 1991; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced Carey, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present USDA, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Askew and Wilcut, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Zimmerman, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced Yesvan der Maesen, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRheum rhaponticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Absent, intercepted only Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose) Present Introduced YesMunger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa setigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Millhollon and Burner, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry) Widespread Native USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced YesWestbrooks , 1998; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced YesUS Forest Service, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, and, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread YesLorenzi and Jeffery, 1987; Weakley, undated.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesTeem et al., 1980; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Widespread Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native YesUniversity of North Carolina, 2013; Hitchcock, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Widespread USDA, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present North Carolina Dept of Agriculture and Consumer Se.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago nemoralis (grey goldenrod) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Localised Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJohnson et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Native YesLinthurst, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Localised Introduced YesMcGrath et al., 1957; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes tenuifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Widespread Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Localised Introduced NoWeakley, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced Farr et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2007; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Introduced Woodland, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Widespread Introduced Weakley, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena urticifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Introduced YesCousins et al., 2010a; Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinerea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Howard, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Localised Introduced Wilbur, 1963; Kartesz, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present, few occurrences Native NoBONAP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Present USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoni Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5 Present Herbst et al., 2004.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Law et al., 1987; Vangessel and Coble, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anguillicolosis Present Introduced YesMoser et al., 2001.
avian influenza Last reported ProMED-mail, 2005a.
bluetongue Localised Pearson et al., 1992; Tomori et al., 1992.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesRiggs and Esch, 1987.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Rothermel et al., 2008.
encephalomyocarditis Present Kim et al., 1989a.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Present Moore, 1991; Ficken et al., 1993; Wages et al., 1993; Barnes, 1994.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present, few occurrences Harms et al., 2008.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Noga et al., 1990.
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome) Present Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2016.
Infection with Senecavirus A Present Hause et al., 2016.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present Guy, et al., 1989.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Reno, 1999.
lyme borreliosis Present Magnarelli et al., 1986.
Mammalian orthoreovirus infections Present Narayanappa et al., 2015.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Salmon et al., 1999.
paratuberculosis Present Kopecky and, 1973.
rabies Localised Krebs et al., 1999.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Whittier et al., 2004.
spring viraemia of carp Goodwin, 2002; Dikkeboom et al., 2004.
swine influenza Present Chambers et al., 1991.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Chae et al., 1998.
turkey coronavirus infections Widespread Guy et al., 1997.
turkey viral hepatitis Present Wages and Ficken, 1989.
vesicular stomatitis Present Jenney, 1967.
West Nile fever Present Powell, 2002.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file